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  • Michael Komorn

    Years of blood, sweat and tears to get Autism as a Qualifying Condition in the MMMA.

    By Michael Komorn

    We have come a long way from 2013, when a parent submitted the first petition to add Autism as a qualifying condition within the Michigan Medical Marijuana Act. It was ultimately rejected due to a lack of any research materials and testimony. http://komornlaw.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/Final_Determination_Autism_436526_7.pdf In 2014, a Parent tried to submit a new Autism petition with some testimony about physicians treating Autism patients who qualify due to also having epilepsy. LARA rejected this petition because it said it had "issued its final decision" on Autism and would not reconsider new evidence. Komorn Law stepped in to protect the rights of the petitioner and her family member with Autism. We filed a lawsuit against LARA to force them to hear the new petition with the new testimony and new scientific research. After stalling for months and months in court, LARA gave up the fight and decided to hear the petition. The Medical Marihuana Review Panel held a public meeting and took public testimony.  But the patient advocate panel member noticed that LARA had withheld the scientific research presented with the petition, depriving the review panel from the evidence! The panel postponed the vote on adding Autism until they had a chance to review the information.   ARE YOU SERIOUS? LARA HOLDING THE SCIENCE FROM THE PANEL?  https://www.mlive.com/news/detroit/index.ssf/2015/07/michigan_panel_delays_decision.html Dr. Christian Bogner testified in support of treating Autism with medical marijuana. He described his scientific theory on why Autism has been increasing, restated here on the Dr. Nandi show shortly after he testified in 2015.   After hearing all of these parents begging for any option of a remedy to help their families, the review panel voted to recommend adding Autism as a condition in 2015. https://www.michigan.gov/lara/0,4601,7-154-79571_79575_79582-358181--,00.html
      Mike Zimmer, the Director of LARA, issued a 4 page opinion on why he was rejecting adding Autism as a qualifying condition to the MMMA. In his opinion he stated multiple reasons why he was rejecting the condition. The petition used some language describing symptoms as "severe autism" but the petition was only for "autism" not "severe autism" , thus any person with "autism" could qualify for the medical use of marihuana. A lack of clinical based studies and scientific evidence and research on marijuana and Autism. That the MMMA did not require a physician recommending marihuana to be an expert in Autism or marihuana. That the "petition failed to acknowledge the direct impact on children" Some of the forms of delivery of medical marijuana (oils, extracts and edibles) advocated by those appearing at public hearing would not appear to be authorized under the MMMA. Mr. Zimmer was saying that because of a court opinion, he thought that some forms of medical marijuana were illegal. http://komornlaw.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/02/Final_Determination_Medical_Marihuana_Autism_08272015_554191_7.pdf We were completely knocked out by this denial and rejection. LARA Director Mike Zimmer delivered a knock out. We dotted the i's and crossed the t's, we played the court game, we forced LARA to hear a new Autism petition with physicians and parents testifying. Autism was fully rejected in 2015. That did not stop the parents, the families who have to deal and cope and live with Autism every day. This fight for a non-toxic medicine was far from over.   https://www.detroitnews.com/story/news/politics/2015/08/28/agency-rejects-marijuana-autistic-kids/32486185/   https://www.freep.com/story/news/local/michigan/2015/07/18/medical-marijuana-cannabis-autism-seizures-cbd-thc-stoned-prohibition/30360041/   Meanwhile, other petitions have been rejected 2013-2016 , including Anxiety, Parkinson's Disease, Asthma, Insomnia, Manic Depression and Retinitis Pigmentosa. Only Post Traumatic Stress Disorder has been approved as a new condition. https://www.michigan.gov/lara/0,4601,7-154-79571_79575_79582-360123--,00.html Some of the petitions were denied due to there only being 6 panel members attending the public meetings. LARA decided that this was too few and would deny the conditions based on this "quorum" rule, that they themselves created. After some back and forth they finally changed this and made the administrative rules right. LARA did not reevaluate its decisions on the petitions that were rejected for a bogus internal reason however. Since almost every petition to add a new condition had been defeated, any morale and fighting spirit to continue petitioning for new conditions had petered out. LARA continued to add more and more hoops for petitioners, requiring that any petition to add a condition now MUST HAVE scientific research attached or it would be instantly rejected. That requirement sound reasonable, we all want our medical decisions to be based in science and peer-reviewed medical journals. However, the absurdity of this research requirement is illustrated by the actions of the National Institute of Health and the National Institute on Drug Abuse, which grants funding for research on medicine. Back in 2010, the New York Times asked NIDA what kind of research they fund on marijuana. https://www.nytimes.com/2010/01/19/health/policy/19marijuana.html The article goes on to detail multiple researchers who have waited YEARS to research marijuana benefits, not even requesting a grant, but self or privately funded research gets delayed. This delay, roadblock and hoop jumping is typical with research on marijuana, and it continues to this day. Researchers have even been "let go" for trying to research marijuana. http://www.phoenixnewtimes.com/news/weeded-out-how-the-u-of-a-fired-pot-researcher-sue-sisley-after-a-state-senator-complained-6635510 Local Michigan parent and 2015 Autism petitioner Dwight Zahringer, blogging his journey with Autism at the AutismDad website, did not give up on his son. Dwight was ready for another FIGHT, another petition. Something to help his child and all of the other families struggling with the terribly debilitating Autism diagnosis. The fight was on again! After losing so badly in 2015, we wanted to make sure we studied our failures as well as the weaknesses of the process of petitioning. Our new strategy going forwards was to study every single comment and complaint that every LARA director and LARA employee and review panel member made on the petitions over the last 5 years. Dwight was very patient waiting for us as we spent a year working on this project. After we learned each and every concern, complaint and comment , we used that information to build a massive resource of peer-reviewed scientific and medical research on marijuana to present to the review panel. Encouraged by the community and by her own son's transformation from an angry punching autism ball of anxiety into a loving child again, Michigan mom Amie Carter stepped up to be the petitioner on the 2018 petition. We took the original 2015 petition, cleaned it up, added new research from the past 3 years and resubmitted it in January 2018. While there has not been much research for marijuana and autism in the past 3 years, there has been a lot of research on the safety of marijuana and medical marijuana. We submitted many studies on the safety and efficacy of medical marijuana so that the panel could see the difference between the conventional and traditional treatment for autism versus medical marijuana. As all of the research and government reports have shown from years and years of research, marijuana is non-toxic, has no long term physical or mental effects and very few serious side effects. The most common side effects being drowsiness, euphoria, dry mouth and fatigue. This is in vast contrast to the serious, dangerous and sometimes fatal side effects of the prescription drugs that autism patients are routinely prescribed on a daily basis. http://www.health.state.mn.us/topics/cannabis/about/firstyearreport.html We waited for LARA to review our petitions. Three months later LARA scheduled two public meetings for our petitions.   The review panel is appointed by the Governor of Michigan and composed of physicians and one non-physician patient advocate. Only one of the physicians on the panel had intimate knowledge and had treated medical marijuana patients. On April 27th 2018, the review panel held a public meeting for public testimony in Lansing. Due to LARA's stonewalling and discouraging of petitions over the years, almost everyone had given up on the petition process. Less than a dozen people testified in support of the conditions at the April 27th 2018 meeting. No one testified in opposition to the conditions. This is in stark contrast to the many families who showed up in 2015 to testify in support, and went to the panel begging for their help to allow them to use a non toxic medicine for Autism.   The second meeting on May 4th 2018 was for the review panel to vote on the conditions.     The panel at times argued different ideas and points about the law, petitions, the research, the lack of research and their experience in treating patients with the conditions.   After the panel approved of 10 conditions, we had to wait again. The director of LARA has 180 days (July) from when the petitions are submitted (January) to decide to add or reject adding a new qualifying condition to the Michigan Medical Marijuana Act.       Finally the day had come. One day before July 10th 2018, the 180th day limit to decide on the petitions, LARA Director Shelly Edgerton approved the conditions that the medical marijuana review panel had recommended. Five years of fighting for some relief from self injuring behavior. Five years of fighting for chronic irritability, screaming, punching, anxiety, compulsive tics and behavior and other autism symptoms. Medical Marihuana is just now an OPTION, another tool, another medicine, another thing to TRY. Five years of knock outs, bloody knuckles, bruised egos, black eyes, screaming, begging, pleading, rejection, scorn, hatred and crying. Friendships were forged and bridges were burned, physicians who we thought were there for us turned around and withdrew their support at the drop of a hat. Finally parents can breathe a small sigh of relief. A massive team effort of people, families, physicians, researchers, petitioners and organizers came together at random to work on this.   As the president of the Michigan Medical Marijuana Association, I am proud to have been part of this process. I hope that the families who benefit, and the families who don't benefit share their experiences in trying medical marijuana for autism, so that we can advance science and knowledge of this condition and the cannabis plant. I also call on the governments of the world to encourage and conduct clinical trials of medical marijuana for diseases. To date, the FDA and National Institute of Health and National Institute of Drug Abuse have refused to fund research into medical marijuana.
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    • 380 views
  • Michael Komorn

    Senator Gillibrand slams Big Pharma on opioids and marijuana issues.

    By Michael Komorn

    Senator Calls Out Big Pharma For Opposing Legal Marijuana Tom Angell A prominent Democratic U.S. senator is slamming pharmaceutical companies for opposing marijuana legalization. "To them it's competition for chronic pain, and that's outrageous because we don't have the crisis in people who take marijuana for chronic pain having overdose issues," Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand of New York said. "It's not the same thing. It's not as highly addictive as opioids are." Photo by Justin Sullivan/Getty Images "On the federal level, we really need to say it is a legal drug you can access if you need it," she said. Gillibrand, in an appearance on Good Day New York on Friday morning, was responding to a question about whether marijuana is a "gateway drug" that leads people to try more dangerous substances.       "I don't see it as a gateway to opioids," she said. "What I see is the opioid industry and the drug companies that manufacture it, some of them in particular, are just trying to sell more drugs that addict patients and addict people across this country." Legalization advocates have long speculated that "Big Pharma" is working behind the scenes to maintain cannabis prohibition. And in 2016, Insys Therapeutics, which makes products containing fentanyl and other opioids, as well as a synthetic version of the cannabinoid THC, donated half a million dollars to help defeat a marijuana legalization measure that appeared on Arizona's ballot that year. Numerous studies have shown that legal marijuana access is associated with reduced opioid overdose rates. Research published this month, for example, concluded that "legally protected and operating medical marijuana dispensaries reduce opioid-related harms," suggesting that "some individuals may be substituting towards marijuana, reducing the quantity of opioids they consume or forgoing initiation of opiates altogether." "Marijuana is a far less addictive substance than opioids and the potential for overdosing is nearly zero,” the researchers wrote in the Journal of Health Economics. Last week, Gillibrand became the second cosponsor of far-reaching Senate legislation to remove marijuana from the Controlled Substances Act and withhold federal funding from states that have racially disproportionate enforcement of cannabis laws.       “Millions of Americans’ lives have been devastated because of our broken marijuana policies, especially in communities of color and low-income communities,” she said at the time. "Legalizing marijuana is a social justice issue and a moral issue that Congress needs to address." Gillibrand is also a sponsor of far-reaching medical cannabis legislation and recently signed a letter calling for new protections for state marijuana laws to be inserted into federal spending legislation.   "I think medical marijuana could be treatment for a lot of folks," she said in the interview on Friday. "A lot of veterans have told us that this is the best treatment for them. I do not see it as a gateway drug." Many political observers have speculated that Gillibrand will run for her party's presidential nomination in 2020. She and at least two other potential Democratic contenders have already endorsed marijuana legalization. Tom Angell publishes Marijuana Moment news and founded the nonprofit Marijuana Majority. Follow Tom on Twitter for breaking news and subscribe to his daily newsletter. https://www.forbes.com/sites/tomangell/2018/02/23/senator-calls-out-big-pharma-for-opposing-legal-marijuana/     NIDA says there is no gateway theory of marijuana. https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/marijuana/marijuana-gateway-drug  
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    • 472 views
  • Michael Komorn

    Komorn Law recommends keeping medical marijuana card and protections.

    By Michael Komorn

    After the legalization of marijuana in Michigan, some patients are thinking they could stop paying the state $100 for the special mmp card , and just use the recreational marijuana law to grow their medicine. A patient with a registered card can use the ultimate defense and immunity to avoid a driving under the influence charge. Only adults 21 or over are protected by the new legalization law, but no one yet knows how the new law will affect driving privileges. Is the zero tolerance of THC in your blood law still in effect for adult use marijuana ?  The new law is similarly worded to the Michigan Medical Marijuana Act. Whereas the MMMA says While the meaning of "under the influence" was not decided within the MMMA until 2012, with People v Koon, that was 4 years of police arresting patients for driving with marijuana in their blood. The court in People v Koon came to the conclusion: Ignoring that for a minute, the Michigan State Police have been tasked with sampling saliva during road side stops for a task force on marijuana driving. The task force was created in order to find a nanogram limit for THC in blood, even though 50 years of scientific research on the subject has consistently said marijuana does not affect driving. http://komornlaw.com/35-years-research-reports-driving-cannabis-marijuana/ http://komornlaw.com/mmma-court-case-library/   So my advice is, if you are a patient, keep the patient card active until the courts either give up on all marijuana issues, or at least this driving issue , or it is decided by the Michigan Supreme Court.   Basically, until non-patients get a similar "People v Koon" ruling from the Michigan Supreme Court, it is advised that any patients keep their cards to protect them fully under the MMMA. "Don't be the first person to test this in court."
    • 3 comments
    • 1,246 views
  • Michael Komorn

    Making A Federal Case Out Of Marijuana

    By Michael Komorn

    Our client, a medical marijuana patient registered with the State of Michigan, was out for a boat ride and some fishing on his friend’s boat. What started out as a glorious day with intentions of sun and fishing on the Detroit river later turned into federal charges of possession of marijuana (21 USC 844, 21 USC 844a) when a Border Patrol agent pulled up to them and wanted to search their vessel.   Related: Michigan law regarding marijuana manufacture, delivery, and possession   The federal border patrol agent required that the two passengers, my client and his friend, open all the containers in the immediate area, to which they complied.   After the agent found no contraband, he demanded that the occupants of the boat hand over the marijuana because, according to the agent, it smelled like marijuana on the boat. Additionally, the agent said that if someone did not give him the marihuana, he was going to call the K9 unit.   What does the driver of a car or boat say in response to a law enforcement officer demanding that the occupants of the vehicle hand over the marijuana, or else?   For a vehicle, we know that the traffic stop can't or shouldn't take last for any longer that it takes to execute the traffic stop, identify and inform the driver of the violation, and issue a ticket, if appropriate. A traffic stop is not an opportunity to gather evidence of probable cause of the vehicle to search. That basic threat, calling the dogs, would be unconstitutional. That is to say, the delay in calling the dogs to get probable cause would be a delay beyond the scope of the lawful police interaction. The delay to call the dogs is a delay for the purpose of getting probable cause to search the vehicle.   Most times this decision on how to respond should be determined on a case-by-case factual basis. In other words, depending upon what is within the vehicle, the driver may or may not comply with the request of the officer. The rule of thumb, however, is to never consent to a search, ever. Equally important is the rule that you should never talk to the police or answer questions. Specifically, in these traffic encounters, or even vessel encounters, the investigated driver is not under arrest. The encounter is an interaction called an investigation, and anything that is said during this encounter will be used against you.   Ultimately, our client handed over the marijuana cigarettes and his patient card. As my client was reminded by the Border Patrol Agent, there is no medical marihuana on federal jurisdiction. Or said another way, it was the intent of this agent to make a federal case out of it.   After being retained by our client, and after a few pretrial conferences and conferences with the Assistant United States Attorney, we learned that it was also the intent of the United States Government to make a federal case of it.   Federal jurisdiction, as mentioned above, is a very different venue to litigate a marihuana case, even if it’s just for a joint or two. The liabilities for punishment are much greater, and in certain situations get worse, the more the accused litigates the case. That is to say, any benefits of resolving the case with a plea bargain are minimized should you force the government to litigate the case.   It is under these circumstances that we needed to make our decisions on how to proceed. As we got closer to the day of trial, the Government offered a number of different plea offers and options to resolve the case. Unfortunately, none of them contemplated the medical use of marihuana while being supervised on probation. Similar to many of the State Courts throughout Michigan, the likelihood of any probation supervision of any kind would preclude the medical use of marihuana.   Not directly pertinent to this case either factually or due to our federal court venue, the only Michigan case law that addresses the issue is a recent case in the Court of Appeals, People v Magyari, the defendant argued that, pursuant to the MMMA, the court could not prohibit his medical marijuana use during probation because he possessed a patient card, but the court’s opinion characterized the defendant’s use of marijuana as non-medical, and did not apply their reasons for upholding the lower court decision the appeal to all cardholders.   A probation condition disallowing his medical use of marijuana was not acceptable to my client, and besides, who would want to plead guilty to something that the state government has authorized you to possess, let alone be on probation for the same behavior? So as often is the case, the choices that presented themselves compelled us to reject the offers to plead guilty and instead litigate the case.   Our response to the offer to plead guilty was to file a “Motion to Dismiss Based Upon Justice Spending Funds to Prevent Implementation of Michigan Marijuana Laws.”   I think it is more than ironic that as we put together the motion challenging the federal government’s authority and jurisdiction to prosecute the matter, the issue of States’ Rights was in the forefront in a national debate.   As outlined in the motion, the legal authority prohibiting the jurisdiction of the government in our matter was vitiated by the Cole memorandum – both of them. Additionally, the Rhorabacher-Farr amendment was more than clear in its intent to preclude federal agents employed by the DOJ, including the DEA, from investigating or prosecuting medical marihuana patients that are in compliance with state law. If there was ever a case with the perfect facts to prevail upon it would be this case, and the mere two marijuana cigarettes. In contrast, the circumstances of the case cited, US v McIntosh, dealt with dispensaries and commercial marihuana sales. Our case was as authentic patient activity as one could find.   After filing the motion to dismiss, and appearing for the motion hearing, we learned that the Government had decided to dismiss the case. The AUSA indicated to me that he had "no desire to go to the mat with me on this case" and he was "not going to make bad case law with this case." Or said another way, he knew that he was going to lose, and instead of dealing with that result which would be precedent and impact the entire Sixth Circuit Trial Court, he thought it best to dismiss the case, and let us go on our way.   The moral of this story is that when they make a federal case out of it, you should do the same.
    • 1 comment
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  • Michael Komorn

    Victory against unconstitutional search and seizures.

    By Michael Komorn

    Komorn Law PLLC is proud to report another complete dismissal of all charges for our client. These past few months we have attained a high rate of dismissals of our client’s cases.   In this case our client was charged with allegations of felonious marihuana conduct; the case involved the definition of a medical marijuana plant in the law. More specifically, whether or not the plant was producing food from photosynthesis and was “living”.  Of course, the prosecutor wanted to fight about the definition of “usable marihuana” too. With a splash of Manual and Mansour mixed into the fray.    Much to my surprise the Court was very familiar with the conflicts of law that currently exist within the MMMA and the court, and the issues that were created by the Mansour opinion. The court was prepared to grant a stay in the proceedings until that mess of an opinion gets worked out.   Today the Court heard arguments from the parties regarding the warrantless search of my clients home and whether the government could constitutionally validate the warrantless search. In Michigan, we have found that the courts go to great lengths to destroy the 4th amendment protections, going so far as to have a “good faith” exemption to unconstitutional search warrants.     As is often the case in warrantless searches regarding drug task forces investigating marijuana tips this case dealt with a “knock and talk". The knock and talk is a tool used by law enforcement agencies which allows them to traverse on to a citizen’s property, to question and even investigate a person or citizen. The knock and talk however is not absolute and there are specific limitations. The best way to describe is that the police would be allowed to come into a person's property in the same manner or method that a Girl Scout would or some other person soliciting something. Knock and talks are generally legal assuming that the police limit their interactions to the areas of the property that a citizen would not have an expectation of privacy.   Examples of this limited to walking up the driveway to the front door. Nothing more nothing less.   There is some significant case law recent years in Michigan that lays out specific details of some of those limitations and also when an officers’ knock and talk goes too far. People v Frederick and Van Doorne is a case involving Kent County Sheriff's officers that baked marijuana butter. The case went to the Michigan Supreme Court, which describes those limitations and the proper analysis for when and how officers can conduct knocks and talks.   The court did not take issue with the police detectives/investigators in this case, ignoring the fact that they were not in police uniform when they did their knock and talk. The court ruled that it didn’t matter if the police were undercover, because that fact did not violate the knock and talk rules. Even though I disagreed with the court in this tiny issue, this was not the ultimate legal issue that was dispositive in this case. The legal issue that was dispositive in this case was that once the police officers, who were conducting a lawful knock and talk, and who were lawfully on the porch of my client's house, and were lawfully ringing the doorbell to interact with my client, with the intent of trying to establish probable cause to search possibly get a search warrant, it is what happened in that situation that was the ultimate dispositive issue to which the court ruled in our favor.   As we have been finding more and more, police agencies in Michigan have an additional tool to trick patients and caregivers from the immunities from arrest, prosecution, and penalty of any kind. Police make offers to do a “compliance check”. Police will ask very politely if the homeowner will show them around their medical marijuana garden to ensure compliance with the MMMA. This was the ultimate issue in this case.   As I mentioned this case involving search and seizure of evidence without a search warrant. The U.S. Constitution and the Michigan Constitution expressly prohibits the searching and seizures without a warrant. That in fact warrantless searches and seizures are per se invalid. The government must make an allegation to justify the warrantless search in order for the search warrant to be constitutionally valid.   In this particular case, the government's theory of why the search and seizure was constitutionally valid, was because according to them my client consented to the search of his house. Today the government in this matter argued my client consented to a search of his house, offering the testimony of the officers who said my client consented to search and therefore the government did need a search warrant. While this theory may be true in other circumstances, a warrantless search and seizure is justified if the homeowner consents to a search and seizure. However this was not the testimony that supported the charges, this is not the way in which testimony came out at the prelim exam during cross-examination. Had the testimony in the preliminary examination been that they requested consent of the homeowner/my client to search his house and asked if they could come into search the house for illegal contraband or whatever arguably that would've made for a constitutionally valid search and seizure.   As I argued today and in contrast to the states position I relied on the testimony at the prelim exam where I had locked the officers into admitting that they did not follow proper procedure, but upon encountering my client at the front door during the “lawful knock and talk”, that they indicated the reason to which they were there. That reason according to the officers was that there was a tip that they had received that there was an illegal marijuana grow that occurred was occurring at that location.   As I got the officer to admit that when you explain to my client the reason why you were there when you're doing your knock and talk that he responded by telling you that he was a medical marijuana patient and that there was no illegal substances within the house.   The officer answered yes.   I said then what did you say next that ultimately resulted in you gaining access to the house the officer said “well I told him that he needed to check whether or not he was in compliance with the Michigan medical marijuana act”. During this colloquy I said to the officer please explain to me, please direct me, please show me what is your legal authority for doing a compliance check of any individual regarding their medical marijuana behavior?   It is here at this juncture that the state’s case against my client fell apart. There is no legal authority for any drug task force team to do a medical marijuana compliance check. The specific section of the MMMA that prohibits this is section 333.26424G, possession of, or application for, a registry identification card shall not constitute probable cause or reasonable suspicion, nor shall it be used to support the search of a person or property of the person possessing or applying for the registered indication card, or otherwise subject the person or property of the person to inspection by local county or state government agencies.   At the hearing today it was this compliance check issue that was flushed out and ultimately the constitutional violation the resulted in the court holding that the consent to search was not valid. Because of that issue, the court found that the police did not constitutionally validate the warrantless search. The issue of consent to search has an abundance of jurisprudence both in Michigan and the federal court system. The concept of consent has been written about often, and raises various issues, charges, defenses etc. regarding police officers interactions with citizens. The States intrusions of citizens rights, or what would be described as unconstitutional, is of no consequence if the citizen, suspect or accused consents to that government behavior.    However, consent must be unequivocal. It can’t be wishy washy and it can’t be based upon false or misleading information. Consent must be unequivocal and it must be given knowingly, voluntarily without threat or coercion. The capitulation to the government’s request can’t be based upon trickery or a lie.    The circumstances of my client’s case today were about the consent, or shall i say consent that was not unequivocal or constitutionally valid.   I read from the transcripts from the preliminary exam ( quoting from the testimony of the officers) where the officers had testified that the last statement made to my client before entering his house was that they the investigator/ detectives needed to do a medical marihuana compliance check. These same officers admitted they were not part of the MMFLA task force or investigators ( and were not even sure that they were even aware of the existence of that agency). I pointed out to the judge that there exists no legal authority by these officers to do a compliance check. A compliance check is not the same as consent to search. By asking, suggesting even implying that they had this legal authority is obtaining consent by trick, by misrepresentation or whatever you may want to call it, it was not “ knowing, voluntary and or without duress” consent.    It was this behavior by the government actors the Court found to be the constitutional violation. The court found that my client’s consent, which was allegedly obtained, was invalid, and the warrantless search of the residence and the seizing of the property and “evidence” was unconstitutional. Thus the evidence seized was done so illegally and the court suppressed the evidence and all the charges were dismissed.    The lesson learned here, and the take away is simple.    1.  Don’t be fooled into believing that there exists a legal authority for police officers or drug task force officers to check or determine you compliance with the MMMA    2.  Never, Ever, Ever consent to a search.    The often forgotten 4th amendment got some love today, and my joy is that this Court today had the courage and wisdom to make the correct ruling.   
    • 1 comment
    • 298 views

Our community blogs

  1. This one is just exciting to look at!

    Highlighter was a project taken on by a San Fransisco based agency named Pavement.

    The overall goal was to completely change the game in the medical/rec industries, and have certainly set a new bar for packaging and presentation quality in the industry.

    If the goal is to make the product feel like a special treasure to be kept forever, they've certainly achieved it IMO!

     

    Check out the article by Theresa Christine Johnson. Addresses some of the new trends in the industry, and highlights some of the problems with the old approaches that were, and still are all to common.

    https://beta.thedieline.com/blog/2016/4/26/package-design-in-the-cannabis-industry

    yvVvrrHH

  2. Cannabis use and the support of cannabis use continues to grow. Most recently, Canada decided to legalize cannabis nationally, with the law going into effect on Canada Day, July 1st, 2018. In the United States, 32 states have legalized marijuana for medical use, with only a handful of states keeping the drug illegal. Proponents of legalization claim that the drug has many medical benefits for a variety of conditions. From pain relief, to relief for anxiety and PTSD, to relief for those suffering from seizures and irritable bowel syndrome, people are saying that medical cannabis is working for them.

    However, some people, especially those in the medical and scientific community remain skeptical. The federal government still classifies cannabis as having no medical benefit whatsoever. Some recent studies, however, say differently.

    Two studies recently published in the journals Frontiers in Pharmacology and Medicine respectively, point to the fact patients with chronic pain and insomnia saw “statistically and clinically therapeutic benefits” when they used medical cannabis.

    Releaf App

    The press release citing the studies came from the University of New Mexico, where researchers studied data obtained through the Releaf App.

    The Releaf App, which was developed by several of the authors of the study, as almost 100,000 entries of user-entered on the consumption and effect of cannabis use in the United States. The app is designed to allow the users and those gathering the data how marijuana use affects their symptoms, any side effects, as well as the type of marijuana, dosage, and consumption methods that work best.

    The study that was published in Frontiers of Pharmacology reported that cannabis users suffering from 27 different health conditions which had symptoms ranging from seizures to depression reported a lessening of their symptoms. The amount that the symptoms were reduced were rated on a scale from zero to ten points. A mean reduction in symptoms from 2.8 to 4.6 points on that scale was reported after consuming cannabis is various forms, including topicals and vaporizing concentrates.

    In the second study, reported in the journal Medicine, users rated their reduction of insomnia symptoms as an average of 4.5 points on the same scale of ten.

    Overall, 94% of cannabis users reported that the intensity of their symptoms was lessened after the consumption of the drug.

    Pain relief

    For those looking for chronic pain relief, a review study published in the American Journal of Surgery had two researchers confirm the impact of cannabis use on surgery patients. The researchers found that the active cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant reduced intestinal motility, gastric acid secretion, and nausea.

    The two researchers also confirmed that cannabis can help to control pain, reduce inflammation, and increase appetite.

    Addiction

    For those looking to see if cannabis use can help to treat other addictions, a new study may provide some answers. Preliminary findings in a study indicate that cannabidiol, also known as CBD, could effectively combat an addiction to methamphetamine.

    The study found that extremely high doses of CBD (20 mg/kg to 80 mg/kg) in laboratory rats reduced the motivation to consume methamphetamine in rats that had been trained to self-administer the stimulant. These doses are higher than most people consume daily, which is 12mg.

    The next step would be to see if CBD has any benefit to meth-addicted humans.

    When it comes to the ways of administering cannabis, patients have a variety of ways in which to choose. Some patients choose to smoke the dry herb via pipes or joints. Others choose what is argued to be a healthier method, vaporization. Patients can vaporize dry herb with a portable vaporizer or use a vape pen to consume concentrate oils or waxes. Other popular administration methods are topicals, edibles, and tinctures.

    It should be noted that as methods of consumption, the patients who utilized the Releaf App to report cannabis use and reduction of symptoms reported that vaporization gave them more relief and fewer side effects.

    Hopefully, as marijuana becomes more acceptable, restrictions that prevent the thorough study of this plant as a medicine will relax. Only then will medical doctors and scientists be able to fully explore the medical properties of this all-natural medicine.


     

    Author

    Michael is a marketing and creative content specialist at GotVape.com with a primary focus on customer satisfaction. Technology and fitness combined with healthy lifestyle obsession are his main talking points


     

     

    pexels-photo-606506.jpeg

  3. After the legalization of marijuana in Michigan, some patients are thinking they could stop paying the state $100 for the special mmp card , and just use the recreational marijuana law to grow their medicine.

    A patient with a registered card can use the ultimate defense and immunity to avoid a driving under the influence charge.

    Only adults 21 or over are protected by the new legalization law, but no one yet knows how the new law will affect driving privileges.

    Is the zero tolerance of THC in your blood law still in effect for adult use marijuana ? 

    The new law is similarly worded to the Michigan Medical Marijuana Act.

    Quote

     

    Sec. 4. 1. This act does not authorize:

    (a) operating, navigating, or being in physical control of any motor vehicle, aircraft, snowmobile, off-road recreational vehicle, or motorboat while under the influence of marihuana;

     

    Whereas the MMMA says

    Quote

     

    333.26427 Scope of act; limitations.

    7. Scope of Act.

    Sec. 7. (a) The medical use of marihuana is allowed under state law to the extent that it is carried out in accordance with the provisions of this act.

    (b) This act does not permit any person to do any of the following:

    (4) Operate, navigate, or be in actual physical control of any motor vehicle, aircraft, snowmobile, off-road recreational vehicle, or motorboat while under the influence of marihuana.

     

    While the meaning of "under the influence" was not decided within the MMMA until 2012, with People v Koon, that was 4 years of police arresting patients for driving with marijuana in their blood.

    The court in People v Koon came to the conclusion:

    Quote

    This case requires us to decide whether the MMMA’s protection supersedes the Michigan Vehicle Code’s prohibition and allows a registered patient to drive when he or she has indications of marijuana in his or her system but is not otherwise under the influence of marijuana. We conclude that it does. 

    Ignoring that for a minute, the Michigan State Police have been tasked with sampling saliva during road side stops for a task force on marijuana driving. The task force was created in order to find a nanogram limit for THC in blood, even though 50 years of scientific research on the subject has consistently said marijuana does not affect driving.

    http://komornlaw.com/35-years-research-reports-driving-cannabis-marijuana/

    http://komornlaw.com/mmma-court-case-library/

     

    So my advice is, if you are a patient, keep the patient card active until the courts either give up on all marijuana issues, or at least this driving issue , or it is decided by the Michigan Supreme Court.

     

    Basically, until non-patients get a similar "People v Koon" ruling from the Michigan Supreme Court, it is advised that any patients keep their cards to protect them fully under the MMMA.

    "Don't be the first person to test this in court."

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    Latest Entry

    THIS Saturday October 6 at HIGH Noon!!!

    This Event is being co-organized by Jesse Riggs, a local activist affiliated with MiLegalize, and Ernie Whiteside, a candidate for state representative with support from the Law Office of Michael Komorn and the Michigan Medical Marijuana Association

     

    Come on out and support our Grassroots, Progressive Cannabis Community!VOTE YES.docx

  4. NOTICE REGARDING MICHIGAN TAXES ON ILLEGAL ACTIVITIES

    72 (Rev. 4-15) – Issued: September 12, 2018

    Michigan’s sales tax is imposed on the retail sale of tangible personal property. Marihuana and other drugs illegal under state or federal law are tangible personal property, the retail sales of which are subject to Michigan sales tax absent an applicable exemption.1


    Have you been charged with a drug crime or violation of the Michigan Medical Marijuana Act? Remain Silent and Contact Komorn Law Immediately to protect your rights and freedom 800-656-3557.

     

    This includes sales by “dispensaries” or provisioning centers regardless whether licensed under the Medical Marihuana Facilities Licensing Act (MFLA).

     

    Only the transfer of marihuana by a registered primary caregiver for compensation in connection with assisting a registered qualifying patient in the medical use of marihuana under the Michigan Medical Marihuana Act (MMA) is not subject to sales tax.

     

    In that instance, the patient is liable for use tax based on the purchase price of the marihuana. See RAB 2018-2.

     

    All other retail sellers must report and remit sales tax based on 6% of the sales price of the marihuana or other drug.

     

     

     

    Legal and illegal activities are also subject to any other taxes imposed in Michigan, including the income tax and corporate income tax.2

    See the official document here

     

    1 Greer v Dep’t of Treasury, 145 Mich App 248. 250-253 (1985).

    2 Id. C.F. Lewis v U.S., 348 U.S. 419, 421 (1955).

     

    To register for Michigan taxes please visit https://www.michigan.gov/treasury/.

  5. On Friday May 4, 2018 a review panel recommended 10 new conditions to be added to the list of ailments for approval for use of medical marijuana in Michigan. 

    • Obsessive compulsive disorder
    • Arthritis
    • Rheumatoid arthritis
    • Spinal cord injury
    • Inflammatory bowel disease
    • Ulcerative colitis
    • Parkinson’s
    • Tourette Syndrome
    • Autism
    • Chronic pain

    A Michigan regulator (Shelly Edgerton) who is The Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs Director has until July 10, 2018 to make a decision on nine of the recommendations and until Aug. 6 to make a decision on another. Only post-traumatic stress disorder has been added since 2008.

  6. Zapatosunidos has compiled an almost complete list of past Planet Green Trees radio episodes dating back to 2011.  You can find the list by clicking the link below.

    Planet Green Trees Radio - The (nearly) Compleat History of Planet Green Trees Internet Radio.

  7.  

     

     

    BUSTED: Forfeiture Laws Encourage Policing For Profit

    By Charmie Gholson

    Published Fall 2010

    The Midwest Cultivator

     

    Ed Boyke, a former General Motors employee who served in the Navy, became disabled in 1996 after undergoing two brain surgeries due to a tumor and epilepsy. 

    Boyke was approved for medical marijuana due to severe sciatica due to a pinched nerve. He was diagnosed by the Mayo clinic in Minnesota and is caregiver for himself and for one additional patient.

    On April 15, Boyke stepped outside of his Saginaw Township home and was surrounded by Saginaw County Sheriff’s deputies and U.S. DEA Agents. With weapons drawn, they served Boyke with a federal warrant to search his residence, based on confidential information that he had violated marijuana laws. They handcuffed Boyke while they executed the warrant.

    The DEA agents surveyed his home, said they wouldn’t pursue the case and left. The Saginaw County sheriffs department stayed to “see if he’d broken any state laws,” and according to Boyke, “started tearing the place apart.” They smashed his grow operation and a humidifier, dumped out dresser drawers and emptied closets in two rooms. They taunted him about who he voted for in the last presidential election.

    When the officers left, they took with them:  two lawn mowers, a leaf blower, an air compressor and generator from his garage, his 2008 Chevy Impala, $62 from his wallet, his marijuana plants, hunting rifles and ammo, his harvested marijuana, Boyke’s medical marijuana card and paperwork, a generator, a paint sprayer, a dehumidifier, growing apparatuses, scales and a 42-inch Panasonic TV. “They asked me for the key to my girlfriend’s car too, but I didn’t have it,” he says. “They told me I was lucky ‘cause they would have taken that too.”

    The deputies returned the next day and asked Boyke how much money he had.

    “When they came back the next day threatening to take a lien on my house,” Boyke recalls, “I called this one lawyer, Tom Frank in Saginaw and asked him about the $5,000 they wanted from me. He said, ‘I’ll run over and talk to them.’”

    Frank didn’t call him Boyke back; instead the detectives called and asked if he had the money. “I was worried because they were threatening to take my house,” he says. “That Sheriff said ‘Make sure it’s cash, then we’ll bring your stuff back.’”

    Boyke gave them $5,000 in cash, and they returned his car, the lawn mowers, leaf blower and air compressor but they didn’t return his TV or rifles. He says everything except the car was old junk from the garage. One of the rifles, however, was a present and heirloom. Boyke’s wife passed away at the age of 36 and the rifle had been a gift from her father. He says he pleaded with the department to return, “ just that rifle, but they told me, ‘your guns are gone.’”

    “They didn’t give me a receipt,” he says. “I had to go down and get that myself.” The receipt is for storage and impound charges.

    Michigan forfeiture laws require contesting property owners to file a claim with the county clerk within 20 days of a seizure, a copy of the claim with the prosecutor’s office, and pay a bond, ranging between $250 and $5,000, which is reimbursed if they appear in court. When Boyke learned this, and after reading in the paper that he had received legal advice prior to paying his “impound and storage” charges, he was furious. He hadn’t received legal advice. He drove to Franks' office.

    “Frank told me he didn’t tell the sheriff he was my lawyer,” Boyke says, “but Frank could have told me I had twenty days, the detectives could have told me, I would have disputed it, but they didn’t tell me bunny muffin. I don’t know those laws, I’m not a lawyer, and that lawyer never called me back.”

    Saginaw County Sheriff’s Detective Sgt. Randy F. Pfau told the Saginaw times that no one forced Boyke to pay for the return of the items. Property owners “have every right to take it to a formal hearing with a judge,” Pfau said. “By coming in and paying that $5,000, he’s waiving that right.”

    Saginaw County Sheriff William L Federspiel says medical marijuana users are not his department’s targets. “I wish we could just say, ‘Hey, this guy’s got a card, don’t even bother with it,’ but unfortunately we don’t have that option,” Federspiel told The Saginaw News. “So we follow through, because you know what, it’s still against the law, unless you have the medical marijuana card.”

    But Boyke did have a medical marijuana and caregiver card, until police confiscated it during the raid.

    Pfau also said it is department protocol for deputies to destroy or seize all marijuana-growing related items when they perform a search or seizure at a suspected grow operation.

    Federspiel maintains the department’s investigation indicated Boyke was in violation of the law, illegally possessed marijuana and was thereby subject to forfeiture law. To date, however, Boyke has not been charged with any crime. According to Michigan state forfeiture laws, he may never be.

    GUILTY UNTIL PROVEN INNOCENT

    Michigan’s civil asset forfeiture laws are some of the most egregious in the country. In March 2010, The Institute for Justice released Policing for Profit: The Abuse of Civil Asset Forfeiture, the most comprehensive national study to examine the use and abuse of civil asset forfeiture, and the first study to grade the civil forfeiture laws in all 50 states and the federal government. Only three states receive a B or better. Michigan received the lowest score possible: D-.

    Americans are supposed to be innocent until proven guilty, but civil forfeiture turns that principle on its head. With civil forfeiture, your property is guilty until you prove it innocent.

    The report chronicles how state and federal laws leave innocent property owners vulnerable to forfeiture abuse. These laws encourage law enforcement to take property to boost their budgets. The report finds that by giving law enforcement a direct financial stake in forfeiture efforts, most state and federal laws encourage policing for profit, not justice.  

     In Michigan, law enforcement receives all proceeds of civil forfeiture to enhance law enforcement efforts, creating an incentive to pursue forfeiture more vigorously than combating other criminal activity. The report says Michigan multi-jurisdictional task forces work extensively with district attorneys and police departments to forfeit property, resulting in more than $149 million in total forfeiture revenue from 2001 to 2008.

    Americans accused of using drugs also have much to fear from informants, such as the “concerned citizen” that tipped police to Ed Boyke’s “illegal activity.” Asset forfeiture laws allow police to seize money and property from anyone merely accused of drug activity.

    In 2007, Saginaw Sheriffs and Prosecutors reported earning $53,797 net proceeds from their multijurisdictional drug task forces, like the ones who raided Boyke.

    2008 proceeds totaled $75,598.

     

     

    ed boyke.jpg

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    Regarding the Supreme Court decision in People v Hartwick and People v Tuttle, I offer the following agreement that might be used between any patient and any caregiver. Both can benefit from it under any circumstance. It costs nothing but time, ink, and paper, and offers added protection in the event you are arrested and tried for marijuana use if and when you need it. You can find the ruling in Tut/Wick here: http://courts.mi.gov...71 Opinion.pdf. Footnotes 77 and 78 lay out the case that this type of documentation is admissible, and even necessary, evidence in any prosecution regarding marijuana.

    The agreement's tenets were used in the successful defense in State v Steven Fisher (http://komornlaw.com...n-8-opinion.pdf). He was found to have possessed a reasonable amount more than thirty pounds and in compliance with the other elements of the required defense.  It is not useful to only registered patients and caregivers, but also provides what the courts require as prima facie evidence in non registered sec. 8 defenses. Any patient or other person, registered or unregistered, can qualify as a caregiver under the definition found in the law (sec. 3(k)) to any patient, registered or unregistered, with or without connection through the registry per the definitions found in sec. 3 of the MMA. There are no limits on the number of patients a caregiver can provide for nor caregivers a patient can have in sec. 8. Police officers and informants who enter into it are not able to entrap medical users.

    Please note that the agreement covers two of three necessary elements of the Affirmative Defense found in sec. 8 of the law, i.e., that you and your doctor have met and concluded a bona fide medical exam and you have been certified to use marijuana, and that patients and caregivers are engaged in medical use to treat or alleviate a patient's condition or symptoms. The third element is to adhere to the requirement that an amount not more than necessary is held in possession. I have suggested that twelve oz is an amount not more than necessary to supply a patient who uses a zip a month for a year, and would welcome any reasonable argument otherwise. To this point I have had no takers.  It also intends to prevent the need to have a physician testify, which is not advised except if necessary to provide evidence at trial, saving time, trouble, and expense. Furthermore, it is best not to have any witness for the defense questioned by a prosecutor for obvious reasons. It intends to establish the required prima facie evidence of a bona fide physician patient relationship without a physician present. It will be necessary to require your physician to sign his or her proof found in the supporting documents. If not, the court ruled that the actual text of the physician statement submitted as part of the registration process might suffice. Registry cards do not. It would nonetheless be best to have both registration and this or a similar written agreement. The agreement requires notarization. Your bank provides notary services to its customers free. Many physician offices have a notary on their office staff, and all attorneys have a notary on board. It is admissible under the Michigan Rules of Evidence as self authenticating notarized evidence (MRE Rule 902 (8)) and self authenticating Certified Records of Regularly Conducted Activity (MRE Rule 803 (6) and MRE Rule 902 (11)). 

    You will do well to ask an attorney re: any legal questions. I am not an attorney and have no professional relationship with anyone in that regard. It is my own work as informed musing if nothing else. It is not intended as legal advice. If anyone should want the added protection, something like this might be used in consultation with a trained attorney. I have no objection to anyone using it verbatim or edited. It, by itself, provides no protection from arrest and due process as sec. 4 state registration does.

     

     

    Patient/Caregiver Agreement to Engage in the Medical Use of Marijuana

     I,______________________________________, swear and affirm that I am a patient under the Michigan Medical Marihuana Act, MCL Initiated Law 1 of 2008.

    Dr._____________________________, a physician authorized under Part 170 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.17001 to 333.17084, or an osteopathic physician under Part 175 of the public health code, 1978 PA 368, MCL 333.17501 to 333.17556, physician license I.D. number____________________ , has stated that in the physician's professional opinion, on or about (date)___________________________, and after having completed a full assessment of the patient's medical history and current medical condition made in the course of a bona fide physician-patient relationship, that I am likely to receive therapeutic or palliative benefit from the medical use of marijuana to treat or alleviate a debilitating medical condition or symptoms associated with the debilitating medical condition (copy attached) .

     I hereby designate_______________________________ as my caregiver under that law, and agree to conform to the Act in the medical use of marijuana to treat or alleviate a debilitating medical condition or symptoms associated with the debilitating medical condition

     I, ______________________________________(caregiver), swear and affirm that I am at least 21 years of age and have agreed to assist with the above named patient's medical use of marijuana in accordance with that law. I have not been convicted of any felony within the past 10 years and have never been convicted of a felony involving illegal drugs or a felony that is an assaultive crime as defined in section 9a of chapter X of the code of criminal procedure, 1927 PA 175, MCL 770.9a.

     Confidentiality: Each party agrees and undertakes that it shall not, without first obtaining the written consent of the other, disclose or make available to any person, reproduce or transmit in any manner or use (directly or indirectly) for its own benefit or the benefit of others, any Confidential Information, save and except that both parties may disclose any Confidential Information to their legal advisers and counselors for the specific purposes contemplated by this agreement. Presentment or disclosure of this information is not prohibited as required by law or in any prosecution pertaining to the medical use of marijuana.

    Subscribed and sworn before me this date: ____________________________

     Patient sign here: _________________________________

     Subscribed and sworn before me this date: ____________________________

     Caregiver sign here: ________________________________

     /s/_________________________________

     Print Notary Name: ________________________________

     Notary public, State of Michigan, County of _____________________

     My commission expires ___________________

     Acting in the County of ___________________

     

     

    DO NOT OVERLOOK the supporting documents. Use one or the other: https://sites.google...attredirects=0, which requires notarization, or https://sites.google...?attredirects=0, which does not.

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    Not sure if this is old news, but I think with more states coming on is more relevant and much more of this type of situation will occur:

     

    http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2016/07/06/484977159/after-medical-marijuana-legalized-medicare-prescriptions-drop-for-many-drugs

  8. Blogog

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    in 06/05/2009 there were 1,422 patient registration cards issued.

    in 11/23/2009 there were 5,778 patient registrations issued.

    in 12/11/2009 there were 6,439 patients registered

    in 01/27/2010 there were 8,004 patient registrations issued.

    in 04/06/2010 there were 11,835

    in 05/28/2010 there were 17,362

    in 07/02/2010 there were 20,548 patient registrations issued.

    in 08/27/2010 there were 26,387 patients registered

    in 11/24/2010 there were 43,292 patient registrations issued.

    in 03/11/2011 there were 59,950 patients registered

    in 05/06/2011 there were 75,521 patients registered

    in 06/10/2011 there were 80,829

    in 08/05/2011 there were 96,399 patient registrations issued

    in 10/31/2011 there were 120,597 registered patients

    in 01/31/2012 there were 131,483 registered patients

    in 09/30/2012 there were 121,043 active registered qualified patients.

    in 11/30/2012 there were 126,201 active registered qualified patients.

    in 12/31/2012 there were 124,417 active registered qualified patients

    in 01/31/2013 there were 126,739 active registered qualified patients.

    in 02/28/2013 there were 131,861 active registered qualified patients.

    in 04/13/2013 there were 135,267 active registered qualified patients.

    in 05/31/2013 there were 128,441 active registered qualified patients.

    in 12/04/2013 there were 118,368 active registered qualified patients.

    ( LARA fudging the numbers in 2013)

    in 2013 there were a total of 129,822 active registered qualified patients [10]

    in 09/23/2014 there were 146,811 patients (as reported by procon)[3]

    in 2014 there were 147,283 patients [10]

    in 02/15/2015 there were 165,000 active registered qualified patients [1]

    in 04/22/2015 there were 175,000 registered patients [2]

    in 07/11/2015 there were 177,000 registered patients [5]

    in 11/14/2015 there were 178,629 active, registered medical marijuana patients.[6]

    in 09/30/2015 (or jan 4 2016) there were 182,091 active registered patients according to LARA

    in 6/01/2016 there were 203,889 registered medical marijuana patients [8]

    in 9/20/2016 there were 211,000 registered medical marijuana patients [9]

    in 10/30/2016 there were 204.018 registered medical marijuana patients [10]

    in 10/2016 there were 218,556 registered patients [11]

    in 10/25/2017 there were 269,553 registered patients [11]

     

     

    in 04/29/2015 there were 150 registered minor (under 18) patients [4]

    in 07/11/2015 there were 197 registered minor (under 18) patients [5]

     

     

    in 11/23/2009 there were 1,753 applications denied

    in 12/11/2009 there were 1,981 applications denied

    in 01/27/2010 there were 2,501

    in 04/06/2010 there were 3,500 applications denied

    in 05/28/2010 there were 4,667

    in 07/02/2010 there were 5,119 applications denied

    in 08/27/2010 there were 6,650 applications denied

    in 11/24/2010 there were 9,102 applications denied

    in 03/11/2011 there were 12,090 applications denied

    in 05/06/2011 there were 14,374 applications denied

    in 06/10/2011 there were 16,266

    in 08/05/2011 there were 18,783 applications denied

    in 10/31/2011 there were 14,288 applications denied (did lara mean 19,288?)

    in 01/31/2012 there were 22,550 applications denied

    in 09/30/2012 there were 28,226 applications denied

    in 11/30/2012 there were 30,250 applications denied

    in 12/31/2012 there were 31,260 applications denied

    in 01/31/2013 there were 32,383 applications denied

    in 02/28/2013 there were 33,747 applications denied

    in 05/13/2013 there were 25,788 applications denied. (i think LARA typed 25 instead of 35 here)

     

     

    [0] most of the 2009-2013 statistics come from here :http://www.michigan.gov/mdch/0,1607,7-132-27417_51869---,00.html (access it with web.archive.org to see the old archived statistics)

     

     

    [1] http://detroit.cbslocal.com/2015/02/13/michigan-bills-would-legalize-medical-pot-dispensaries-drug-alternatives/

     

    [2]http://mjbizdaily.com/michigan-medical-marijuana-renaissance-underway-as-industry-quietly-booms/

     

    [3]http://medicalmarijuana.procon.org/view.resource.php?resourceID=005889

     

    [4]http://www.mlive.com/news/ann-arbor/index.ssf/2015/04/u-m_poll_shows_most_are_ok_wit.html

     

    [5]http://www.freep.com/story/news/local/michigan/2015/07/18/medical-marijuana-cannabis-autism-seizures-cbd-thc-stoned-prohibition/30360041/

     

    [6]http://www.crainsdetroit.com/article/20151114/NEWS/311159957/number-of-registered-medical-marijuana-patients-in-michigan-grows-in

     

    [8] http://www.grbj.com/articles/print/86224-medical-marijuana-industry-likely-to-expand

     

    [9] http://wlns.com/2016/09/15/michigan-house-passes-medical-marijuana-laws-and-regulations/

     

    [10] http://audgen.michigan.gov/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/r641043516-0102.pdf

     

    [11] http://www.theoaklandpress.com/general-news/20171025/registered-medical-marijuana-patients-up-29-in-oakland-county-23-statewide

  9. In the house of the wise are stores of choice food and oil, but a foolish man devours all he has. Proverbs 21:20

     

    Well there are a gazillion conspiracy theories out there. I must admit, I am a Christian and also believe in the Shmeta, a 7 year cycle. This Shmeta year is extraordinarily biblical, 4 blood moons, star of Bethlehem, the biblical aspects of this year goes on and on, with many events to happen in September and soon after. This is not a blog to fear monger, just informational.

     

    I have done a lot of research over the years on this, but am just getting started on the prepping, better late than never. Start off small and when you buy groceries, get a little extra to put away. Don't put all of your eggs in one basket. You may want to consider stocking up on items for bartering. The thing I keep hearing of the most to invest in is gold and silver. Well, I don't have the cash flow for that and don't know of many that do. I am more concerned with survival over any financial investments. For those who can afford to invest in precious medals, turn that focus to food and water.

     

    A quick word of warning when it comes to prepping. You need to keep it to yourself for 2 reasons. 1: you don't want everyone kicking in your door if the SHTF (bunny muffin hits the fan) and taking all of your resources. You can't predict the actions of a desperate and hungry person. 2: our government will put you on a list as a potential terrorist if you have a food and water supply of 7 days or more. That was from a speech given by Rand Paul and I have to believe him.

     

     

    Let's get the "tough guy" things out of the way. With most preppers, the first thing that comes to mind is guns and ammo. That is on the bottom of my list, not to say it is not an important thing to have. It could be one of the most valuable. Here is my best advice.

     

    Have a 12 gauge shotgun. I would recommend a Mossberg 590 Military Special with a bayonet lug. That is around $350 and considered the most reliable firearm in the world. Here is a link to the model bayonet I have, the M7 bayonet with the M10 sheath. http://www.sportsmansguide.com/product/index/us-spec-military-style-m7-bayonet-with-m10-style-sheath?a=1884227

     

    I would recommend two different types of handguns. I would only choose a handgun that is concealable so you can blend in. A 357 revolver would be a good choice because it can accept 38 special and 38+P bullets along with the 357 mags. They are all common bullets and that is why I consider the 357 an all around good revolver. A decent 357 revolver cost around $500.

     

    For a high capacity handgun, a pistol, I would have to recommend a 9mm baby Glock (G-26). It is the smallest 9mm Glock makes and accepts all 9mm clips Glock makes, including the 33 round clip. The G-26 is around $500. I like the gen 3 model the best. A downside with the Glock, you cannot use reloads. Of course extra ammo is a must, how much, well, I do not know.

     

    If I had to choose an inexpensive assault rifle, but of quality, I would choose an AK-47. However, it can't be the cheap stamped steel version; it would have to be a higher quality with all milled parts. The price range for the AK-47 starts at about $350 and can go up to $1,000. You can easily get full metal jacket bullets rather inexpensively.

     

    If you want an American, quality, low cost assault rifle, I would recommend a Reuger mini 14. This firearm takes the .223 bullets. The cost is around $500 and up depending on the options.

     

    The last recommendation for a firearm, if you are looking for an elite assault rifle type of weapon, I would have to recommend this website: http://hdfirearms.com/ When it comes to firearms, it is not about how cool it looks or how expensive it is. It is how comfortable and confident you are with handling it. I have seen people at the firing range with the original Russian SKS, from the 1940s, with open sights and hitting the bull's eye without failure. It must be the authentic Russian model, not the Chinese knock off. When it comes to the AK-47 or Russian SKS, I do not recommend using American bullets. Use Russian or foreign military light armor piercing bullets, preferably Russian. Enough with the guns, not what this blog is about, just had to get that out of the way.

     

     

    PREPPERS - PREPPING SKILLS

    These are skills everyone should have, not because of "dooms day", but for self reliance. It is common sense to be prepared for any type of disaster. There are hundreds of different disasters that could occur from tornadoes and snowstorms to earthquakes and volcanoes. How well you are prepared can be the difference of life or death or whether or not you and your family will be made to suffer and for how long.

     

    Prepping used to be a standard lifestyle. We have become so dependent on government, big businesses, technology, and the power companies. In the past, 90% of the populous lived in rural areas. Now it is the opposite. I can't imagine what it would be like in the city if the power were to go out for 2 weeks, especially in the northern states during the winter. If everybody had some form of investment in preparing, it would not be much of a problem. The way society is today, we need to ask; What will you do for clean water or food? We have seen the government fail; remember the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina? It would be impossible for the government to aid and protect us all if there were a big disaster. Such as, what if the New Madrid fault line were to become active like it did many years ago? I believe that was the worse documented earthquake in the US. It went off for days. The epicenter was in the part of the US where Tennessee, Kentucky, and Arkansas meet, and the effects were felt all the way to New York. The quake caused church bells to ring. It was so intense, and went on for so many days that people began to fall to their knees believing it was the wrath of God and began to repent. Do some research on the Madrid fault line, you will be shocked. For those in the west, what if the Yellowstone super volcano erupts? That could potentially take out 1/3 of the US.

     

    It is not a matter of if; it is a matter of when a disaster happens. Currently, we are overdue for an EMP from the sun. This event has been documented as occurring every 100 to 150 years. The last time it happened, it destroyed every electronic device on earth. Even items that were not connected started smoking and burned up (telegraph equipment, etc.) If that were to occur today in America, it is estimated that up to 90% of the populous would die within 2 weeks. Our power grids are very fragile. It could take 5 to 15 years to replace depending on the amount of damage. The main elements of the power grids are very complex, made in China, and takes years to have just one made. Our power grids are not adequately protected in this country.

    This will give you an idea as to how fragile the power grids are.

     

    Our entire country is extremely fragile in many ways. We have our lowest food reserves and lowest water reserves. Clean, safe drinking water is becoming more difficult to access. not to mention a full economic collapse, we are not immune to that. We could be in the same predicament as Greece not long from now since the global currency is in the process of being changed. Surely there will be some type of financial crises. If you ask me, the economy looks worse than ever, just being masked by the petro dollar and that can only last so long.

     

    Prepping will have different requirements for each individual or family. I will be focusing on my plan. I live in a rural area. Many people discuss "bugging out". I plan to hold down the fort. I feel that bugging out during a crisis can be dangerous for many reasons. This is not to say that for others, it may be the best choice.

     

    WATER: That is the most difficult essential item for most to prepar for. There are many that take it to the extreme in storing water for a crisis. The average person requires 1 to 2 gallons of water per day minimum. This is only for eating and drinking.

     

    I am fortunate when it comes to the issue of water. I have a newly installed 5" hand pump deep well that has been approved by the health department as potable (safe for drinking). My water storage is safely underground.

     

    We are already in the beginning of a major water crisis across the entire country. At least referring to the cities and water treatment plants, not to mention the intense droughts in the west. Also, Flint, Detroit, and cities in Ohio, the water that they are receiving is not considered safe to drink and does not comply to federal laws. In other words, it is potentially poisonous dirty water. The problem is only going to get worse. Within the next 5 years it is expected that water prices will double across the nation. Here is a worthy article to read over. This article will give an idea of how serious and expensive this problem is for our nation. http://www.msn.com/en-us/news/us/drinking-water-systems-imperiled-by-failing-infrastructure/ar-AAeNjqY?li=AA54ur#image=1

     

    Here is a disturbing article concerning the water supply for Flint, MI. They have been poisoning people and manipulating the test results. Expect this to be carried out across the country. Greed has taken over! http://detroit.cbslocal.com/2015/10/08/lax-water-system-oversight-manipulated-data-lead-to-public-health-crisis-in-flint-researcher-says/

    Here is a video where it is taken to the extreme when it comes to water storage. Not saying that you should go to this extreme, but everyone should have an adequate supply of clean water stored. He provides many good tips. nutnfancy has a wide range of videos from firearms to food when it comes to survival.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pcE5x3X6TQ4&feature=youtu.be&t=1m35s

     

     

    FOOD: Food storage is not difficult, or expensive, even for someone living in an apartment. It can get expensive if you choose to purchase freeze dried goods, which can last 20 to 30 years and no refrigeration is necessary, until opened for some items. Even meat is available freeze dried. If you are fortunate enough to have the money to invest, you can get everything you need in freeze dried form here: http://shop.honeyville.com/

     

     

    I for one do not have the finances to invest in freeze dried foods. I fall into the category of the mid to low expense investment. I have decided to start preparing my own dried food supply. I have invested in 2 essential tools to begin my journey. The first item is the Excalibur food dehydrator. I have the Excalibur 3920TB Food Dehydrator which is a 9 try unit with a built in timer. It has good customer reviews and was reasonably priced (through Amazon.com). Excalibur makes smaller units with just as good of ratings. The next item I have invested in is the FoodSaver V3240 Vacuum Sealing System and also the FoodSaver Kit wide-mouth jar sealer, regular sealer, and accessory hose. The FoodSaver investment cost under $150 with the jar sealing accessory kit. I highly recommend the FoodSaver equipment for all marijuana growers. From now on I will be vacuum sealing all of my jarred buds for optimum freshness and longevity.

     

    The opportunities are endless for long term storage of food which are affordable and efficient. To start, buy dry goods in bulk, like at Sam's Club or Costco. A 50 pound bag of rice can be purchased for under $20. Check out this video where the guy stores 50 pounds of rice in canning jars.

     

    Another example of storing dry rice for long term using mylar bags: This is part 3, and it shows how oxygen absorbers are used.

     

     

    There are other methods, like mylar bags, food grade buckets, etc. I like the glass jars because rodents cannot get into them. However, as the saying says, "don't put all your eggs in one basket", it may be wise to use all methods. What if the jars get broken, from an earthquake for example?

     

    Oxygen absorbers are also good to have on hand when preparing foods for long term storage. With certain methods, you may wish to use oxygen absorbers in addition to vacuum sealing. There are many videos on YouTube that show many different techniques of long term storage of foods. As I learn more, I will add it to my discussion.

     

    The food dehydrator is great for long term storage of foods as well as making simple, healthy snacks for anytime. Dried fruit are transformed into simple, healthy snacks that last a long time, do not require refrigeration, and taste like candy!

     

    Along with the food dehydrator I also purchased The Ultimate Dehydrator Cookbook by Tammy Gangloff, Steven Gangloff & September Ferguson. I plan to invest in other books for a more diverse viewpoint on dehydrating and storing food. There are some awesome recipes for "instant, just add water meals" that can be prepared utilizing dried meats and vegetables. Just imagine the space you can save, not only for long term food storage, but even for daily use!

     

    It is time for a lifestyle change. Buy organic fruits and vegetables, no more pre-canned preservative ridden food from the grocery store. Yes, canned goods are not all bad to have around and good to stock up on by means of prepping. Most canned goods can go beyond the printed use by dates as well. Either way, I plan to change my ways to a more healthy way of life and it begins with food. In the end the equipment will have paid for itself. Buying in bulk, preparing food for long term and short term use provides less waste and can save a family well over $1,000 a year in food purchases alone.

    Here are a couple of videos showcasing the use of freeze dried and dehydrated food and long term food storage.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gothlufqKA4&feature=youtu.be

     

    Christy Jordan has a lot of great videos on dehydrating foods. This video is about dehydratig ground beef. You must be careful with storing any meat, it must be fat free. The fat will cause the meat to go rancid no matter how dry the meat is. Dehydrated ground beef can potentially store for 2 years or longer without refrigeration.

     

     

    FUEL: I am only planning to store 10 gallons of treated gasoline. I probably should store more, but space is a concern. I don't want to put all of my reliance on gasoline or electronically operated equipment.

     

    Heat for the colder climates. I haven't done too much research on this. Currently I burn wood for heat. I purchase a season supply of wood every spring. The wood burning stoves do not require electricity and that is a plus.

     

     

    More to come as I get more involved...

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    Recent Entries

    Does any one one have any experience, or knowledge of someone who can talk to me about the use of cannabis for the treatment of ADHD in children? I have read a few articles on the subject and it sounds very promising, especially since the treatment that the doctors want to give (Ritalin) is dangerous as HELL!!! Thank you

  10. Five years ago the State of Michigan begin accepting application under the MMMA. The program actually went into effect on the 4th, but it was a Saturday, so nothing could be done.

     

    Lots has happened during these five years. there have been compliance, bending, side-stepping, disobeying, changes, changes, re-writing, back-stabbing, under-table dealings, and a bunch of frustrations.

     

    The thing that has frustrated me more than anything has been the attitudes concerning attentive forms of use. I have always said that the MMMA was designed for smokers, and unfortunately the CoA has agreed with me. I say this is unfortunate because I created my edibles and topicals using oils that extracted all the essence from the leaves, stems, and flowers of the marihuana plant, not just the resin. I assumed that the process I used was the undisputed definition of "preparation thereof", as allowed by the law.

     

     

     

     

    to be continued

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    Recent Entries

    Cannabinoids, Ketogenic Diets, Holy Basil, and the PPAR Connection

     

    Recently there's been a lot of talk, and even more confusion, about the use of cannabinoids in the treatment of pediatric epilepsy. The science behind the possible physiological mechanisms involved seem to have been all but entirely left out of this discussion. Though this paper is not meant to be definitive, this is an attempt by a layman to inject some science into this ongoing discussion. More importantly this is directed at all of the families that desperately need facts and suggestions, not politics and debate.

    There seems to be a glaring commonality shared by a number of alternative forms of treatment being utilized in pediatric epilepsy. In the case of cannabinoids, ketogenic diets, and Tulsi (holy basil) the physiological mechanisms involved, as they relate to epilepsy, appear to exert their effects, at least in part, via PPAR pathways [1, 2, 3]. What are PPARs, and what do they have to do with epilepsy?

     

    PPARs

     

    Epilepsy is far from fully understood, but current science may lead one to believe that mutations in genes play a larger role than previously thought [4]. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) regulate the expression of genes [5]. The physiological mechanisms involved are not yet fully understood as they relate to epilepsy. However, there appear to be a number of interesting implications.

     

    Low levels of endogenous (naturally occurring in the body) cannabinoids that are CB1 and PPAR alpha agonists (activators) have been linked to epilepsy [6]. PPAR agonists are believed to be regulators of brain inflammation and oxidative stress [7, 8]. Both have implications to epilepsy [9, 10]. This is in part why PPAR gamma is suspected to be a neuroprotective agent in epilepsy [11]. PPAR alpha might be of even greater interest as it's the target of a number of novel antiepileptic drugs [12]. PPAR alpha activation is also believed to enhance memory acquisition [13]. So while there doesn't appear to be an entirely clear understanding of the physiological mechanisms involved, there does seem to be a number of correlations.

     

    There's a large number of natural compounds that are PPAR agonists [14]. These include, but aren't limited to: cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, and saturated fats [15, 16]. This is one example of a commonality shared between the use of cannabinoids, ketogenic diets, and Tulsi (holy basil) in the treatment of epilepsy. They all contain PPAR agonists, and in turn modulate gene expression [1, 2, 3].

     

    Why does this matter? Phytocannabinoids (natural plant derived cannabinoids) have many of the same pharmacological characteristics as endogenous cannabinoids, including PPAR activation [2, 16]. As this paper intends to illustrate, the reason that this might be important is that there is a large number of natural sources of PPAR agonists, some of which include cannabinoids that originate outside of the cannabis plant.

     

    Ketogenic Diet

     

    This paper won't delve into the physiological mechanisms that are suspected to be involved with ketogenic diets, in relation to epilepsy, other than to point out that it's believed to involve the activation of PPAR alpha [1].

     

     

    Cannabis

     

    Botanical extracts from cannabis can contain a variety of cannabinoids [16]. The use of cannabinoids derived from cannabis appear to continue to prove their effectiveness in the treatment of epilepsy [17]. Unfortunately, due to the politics surrounding cannabis, not all families currently have the legal access to the cannabinoids that they so desperately need. Until each State has recognized the therapeutic value of cannabis, and every family has legal access, it may be beneficial to attempt to identify alternative options for treatment. Though it's highly speculative, it seems worthwhile to take a look at the possible physiological mechanisms involved with cannabinoids derived from cannabis in an attempt to identify other possible alternatives. Prior to getting into possible alternatives, let's review some of the research on the primary cannabinoids in cannabis, as they relate to epilepsy.

     

    Almost 500 compounds have been identified from cannabis [16]. Botanical extracts from cannabis contain varying amounts and types of compounds which are primarily composed of cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids. As will be illustrated, many of these compounds are PPAR agonists. While we'll limit our discussion of cannabis to CBD and THC, it's worth noting that there is a large number of additional PPAR agonists present in any given cannabis plant, or botanic extract thereof [2, 16]. It is the opinion of this author, based on the research cited in this paper, that each PPAR agonist may have the ability to impact the degree of effectiveness of any given botanical extract.

     

    CBD is currently the cannabinoid being most heavily explored in the treatment of epilepsy. One pharmacological characteristic of CBD is that it's a PPAR gamma agonist [18]. CBD is believed to reduce neuroinflammation and promote neurogenesis via PPAR gamma [19].

     

    Possibly of greater importance is that CBD suppresses fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH), which in turn increases the levels of an endogenous cannabinoid, anandamide, a PPAR alpha and gamma dual agonist [18]. In addition, FAAH inhibition increases N-palmitoylethanolamide (PEA), and N-oleoylethanolamide (OEA) levels, both of which are PPAR alpha agonists [20, 21]. Low PEA levels in the brain have been linked to absence epilepsy and it has been suggested as a candidate for treatment [6]. In general, PPAR alpha agonists might be of particular interest in the treatment of epilepsy as they're currently being explored as new antiepileptic drugs [11].

     

    One explanation for the effectiveness of CBD in the treatment of epilepsy might be based on the fact that you're getting, one PPAR gamma, one dual PPAR alpha and gamma, and two PPAR alpha agonists, all from the pharmacological effects of one cannabinoid. Not to mention any other cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids present in a botanical extracts from cannabis that may also be PPAR agonists.

     

    Another potentially favorable pharmacological characteristic of CBD is that it's a 5HT1A-receptor (serotonin) agonist [2]. Depression and memory deficits in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy have been linked to low 5HT1A activation [22].

    The elephant in the room as it relates to cannabis is THC. Like CBD, THC is a PPAR gamma agonist [18]. THC is most known for its activation of CB1 receptors which are associated with some of the psychoactive effects of cannabis. It should be noted that CBD is an effective CB1 agonist blocker and is believed to mitigate the psychoactive effects of THC [23]. However, CB1 directly activates GABAergic synaptic transmissions [24]. Perturbing GABA (γ-Aminobutyric acid) levels has implications to epilepsy; GABA agonists are known to inhibit seizures, while antagonists are known to induce seizures [25]. This seems to indicate a potentially favorable indirect action of CB1 agonists.

     

    These studies are but a few that seem to suggest that both CBD and THC modulate multiple physiological mechanisms that relate to epilepsy. In addition to THC and CBD there are other cannabinoids present in cannabis that it might be helpful to understand the pharmacological characteristics of. For more information see: Izzo, “Non-psychotropic plant cannabinoids: new therapeutic opportunities from an ancient herb” [2].

     

    Terpenes and Flavonoids

     

    A large number of terpenes and flavonoids are present in cannabis [16]. Many of the same terpenes and flavonoids present in cannabis are abundant throughout the natural world. There is a large number of terpenes and flavonoids that are PPAR agonists [14]. In addition to acting as PPAR agonists, terpenes and flavonoids display a host of other pharmacological characteristics that it might be helpful to be aware of, if they're present in botanical extracts [26]. As an example: d-limonene is not only a PPAR alpha agonist, but it can also increase the bioavailability of non water soluble lipids, like cannabinoids [27, 28]. Another example would be beta-myrcene, which isn't known to be a PPAR agonist, but is a sedative that has been shown to increase barbiturate sleep time [29]. These two examples are simply meant to illustrate the relevance of terpenes and flavonoids present in cannabis, there are many others that it might be wise to consider as well.

     

    To outline the characteristics of each individual terpene and flavonoid is beyond the scope of this paper, and has been discussed in length by others. Readers interested in learning more about the synergistic relationship between cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids are suggested to read: Russo, “Taming THC: potential cannabis synergy and phytocannabinoid‐terpenoid entourage effects.” [26].

     

    Do they have to be from Cannabis? No. Essential oils are primarily made up of terpenes and flavonoids. There's a small group of families reporting, on Facebook, limited success with the use of Tulsi (holy basil) in the treatment of epilepsy. Let's examine one possible explanation for this.

     

    Ocimum sanctum, or Tulsi (holy basil), has a wide variety of chemotypes. However, it's possible to find essential oils from one particular chemotype that may be of particular interest. Ocimum sanctum ct eugenol has two main constituents with implications to epilepsy. The primary constituent is eugenol. Eugenol is a PPAR gamma agonist, and is being studied for use in the treatment of epilepsy and cephalic pain [30]. The second most prominent constituent is beta-caryophyllene. Beta-caryophyllene is not only a terpene, but it's also a cannabinoid, and a PPAR gamma agonist [31]. The successes with holy basil, while limited in range and scope, might indicate an entire realm of natural alternatives that are currently being overlooked by and large.

     

    There's a large number of sources for essential oils. However, most are for external use only. It would also be highly advisable to find a supplier that provides GC/MS analysis, as well as a distill date, on all of their essential oils. This can help to ensure that there is a known quantity of constituents, and that they haven't degraded. The constituents and ratios can vary significantly between batches of essential oils, and they often have two to five year shelf lives.

    Caution would be advised as it's also possible that there can be allergic or otherwise adverse reactions to any and all natural compounds. Due diligence is required, and consultation with a physician prior to incorporating any new variables into a health a wellness regiment is recommended.

     

    For comprehensive lists of natural sources of natural PPAR ligands see: Huang, “Herbal or Natural Medicines as Modulators of Peroxisome Proliferator‐Activated Receptors and Related Nuclear Receptors for Therapy of Metabolic Syndrome.” [14]. Additionally: Christensen, “Identification of plant extracts with potential antidiabetic properties: effect on human peroxisome proliferator‐activated receptor (PPAR), adipocyte differentiation and insulin‐stimulated glucose uptake.” [32].

     

    Other Legal Cannabinoids

     

    As it was just mentioned above, natural cannabinoids have been discovered that are derived from sources other than cannabis [33]. There appears to be a growing number of cannabinoids that continue to be identified, some of which will be highlighted here for their relevance to epilepsy.

     

    Beta-caryophyllene, mentioned above, is found in a variety of natural sources including, but not limited to, cannabis and holy basil. Beta-caryophyllene might be of interest as it's a full CB2 agonists cannabinoid (with anti-inflammatory properties), and PPAR gamma agonist [26, 31].

     

    There are also two lesser acknowledged (at least in the West) cannabinoids that might be equally pertinent to this discussion. Magnolia officinalis has been used in Chinese medicine for more than 2000 years [34]. Magnolia officinalis root bark extracts contain magnolol and honokiol, both of which are cannabinoids, and PPAR agonists [35, 36, 37]. These two cannabinoids are widely available and have a growing body of research that indicate that they may have untapped potential in the treatment of epilepsy.

     

    Magnolol is a novel lead structure for cannabinoid receptors agonists, and is a PPAR beta/delta and gamma agonist [37, 38]. One study found that magnolol inhibits epileptiform activity mediated by GABA; it was shown that 40 and 80mg/kg “significantly delayed the onset of myoclonic jerks and generalized clonic seizures, and decreased the seizure stage and mortality” [39]. Another study found that magnolol and honokiol both enhance GABAergic neurotransmissions, and asserts that supplements that contain magnolol and honokiol might be “effective anxiolytics, sedatives, and anti-convusants” [40]. It also stated the need for caution as possible side effects and drug interactions might be expected.

     

    One pharmacological characteristic of Honokiol is that it's a PPAR gamma agonists [35]. A study conducted on mice found that both honokiol and magnolol at a rate of 1 and 5mg/kg “significantly increased NMDA-induced seizure thresholds” [41]. In a separate study Honokiol was shown to be a neuroprotectant in oral dosages of 3mg/kg which reduced inflammation and oxidative stress in mice, and “significantly increased NMDA-induced seizure thresholds” [42].

     

    These studies seem to indicate that magnolol and honokiol, like other cannabinoids, have been identified as modulating multiple physiological mechanisms that relate to epilepsy. The fact that other botanical extracts of cannabinoids have a growing body of scientific (and anecdotal) data with favorable implications to epilepsy might also be seen as an indication of their potential. In addition to PPAR activation, magnolol and honokiol have many of the same pharmacological characteristics (including CB1 and CB2 activation) when compared to some of the cannabinoids derived from cannabis [35].

     

    A consideration when sourcing magnolol and honokiol is that both have shelf lives of less than two years [43]. This might draw into question the quality of the majority of US sources.

     

    There may be other natural sources of cannabinoids worth considering as well. Readers interested in learning more about other natural cannabinoids are suggested to read: Gertsch, “Phytocannabinoids beyond the Cannabis plant–do they exist?” [33]. Additionally, diet can effect endogenous cannabinoid levels, which might also provide alternative options for treatment. See: Maccarrone, "The endocannabinoid system and its relevance for nutrition." [44].

     

    Conclusion

     

    All in all, it appears that many cannabinoids may exhibit antiepileptic properties, partly via the activation of PPARs, and GABAergic transmissions [18, 24, 39, 40, 41]. It appears as though some other alternative forms of epileptic treatment share a commonality in that they also involve PPAR activation [1, 3]. PPAR alpha might be of particular interest in the treatment of epilepsy [11]. PPAR agonists are abundant throughout the natural world [14]. It's the opinion of this author that it appears possible that there are legal inexpensive cannabinoids, and other PPAR agonists, that aren't yet fully being taken advantage of in the treatment of epilepsy. Again, caution would be advised as it's also possible that there can be allergic or otherwise adverse reactions to any and all natural compounds. Due diligence is required, and consultation with a physician prior to incorporating any new variables into a health a wellness regiment is recommended.

     

    Note from author:

    This paper has not been peer reviewed, nor is the author a licensed professional in the medical field. You're encouraged to read the cited references which are all peer reviewed, and are mostly available to read for free online via Google Scholar. You're also encouraged to share, print, or transmit this paper in anyway you see fit.

     

    While the topic of this paper and the majority of citations relate to epilepsy, the available research in relation to phytocannabinoids and cancer is far greater. This includes legal phytocannabinoids.

     

     

    Email: michigancannabinoidspecialist@gmail.com

     

    http://www.scribd.com/doc/207827158/Cannabinoids-Ketogenic-Diets-Holy-Basil-and-the-PPAR-Connection

     

     

    References:

     

    1. Cullingford, Tim. "Peroxisome proliferator‐activated receptor alpha and the ketogenic diet." Epilepsia 49.s8 (2008): 70-72.

     

    2. Izzo, Angelo A., et al. "Non-psychotropic plant cannabinoids: new therapeutic opportunities from an ancient herb." Trends in pharmacological sciences 30.10 (2009): 515-527.

     

    3. Prakash, P., and Neelu Gupta. "Therapeutic uses of Ocimum sanctum Linn (Tulsi) with a note on eugenol and its pharmacological actions: a short review." Indian journal of physiology and pharmacology 49.2 (2005): 125.

     

    4. Helbig, Ingo, et al. "Navigating the channels and beyond: unravelling the genetics of the epilepsies." The Lancet Neurology 7.3 (2008): 231-245.

     

    5. Michalik, Liliane, et al. "International Union of Pharmacology. LXI. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors." Pharmacological reviews 58.4 (2006): 726-741.

     

    6. Citraro, Rita, et al. "Antiepileptic action of< i> N</i>-palmitoylethanolamine through CB1 and PPAR-α receptor activation in a genetic model of absence epilepsy." Neuropharmacology (2012).

     

    7. Bernardo, Antonietta, and Luisa Minghetti. "PPAR-agonists as regulators of microglial activation and brain inflammation." Current Pharmaceutical Design 12.1 (2006): 93-109.

     

    8. Collino, Massimo, et al. "Modulation of the oxidative stress and inflammatory response by PPAR-γ agonists in the hippocampus of rats exposed to cerebral ischemia/reperfusion." European journal of pharmacology 530.1 (2006): 70-80.

     

    9. Shin, Eun-Joo, et al. "Role of oxidative stress in epileptic seizures." Neurochemistry international 59.2 (2011): 122-137.

     

    10. Vezzani, Annamaria, et al. "The role of inflammation in epilepsy." Nature Reviews Neurology 7.1 (2010): 31-40.

     

    11. Yu, Xin, et al. "Activation of cerebral peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors gamma exerts neuroprotection by inhibiting oxidative stress following pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus." Brain research 1200 (2008): 146-158

     

    12. Puligheddu, Monica, et al. "PPAR-Alpha Agonists as Novel Antiepileptic Drugs: Preclinical Findings." PloS one 8.5 (2013): e64541.

     

    13. Mazzola, Carmen, et al. "Fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) inhibition enhances memory acquisition through activation of PPAR-α nuclear receptors." Learning & Memory 16.5 (2009): 332-337.

     

    14. Huang, Tom Hsun‐Wei, et al. "Herbal or Natural Medicines as Modulators of Peroxisome Proliferator‐Activated Receptors and Related Nuclear Receptors for Therapy of Metabolic Syndrome." Basic & clinical pharmacology & toxicology 96.1 (2005): 3-14.

     

    15. Jump, Donald B., and Steven D. Clarke. "Regulation of gene expression by dietary fat." Annual review of nutrition 19.1 (1999): 63-90.

     

    16. Radwan, Mohamed M., et al. "Isolation and characterization of new cannabis constituents from a high potency variety." Planta medica 74.03 (2008): P-15.

     

    17. Amada, Naoki, et al. "Cannabidivarin (CBDV) suppresses pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-induced increases in epilepsy-related gene expression." PeerJ 1 (2013): e214.

     

    18. O'sullivan, S. E. "Cannabinoids go nuclear: Evidence for activation of peroxisome proliferator‐activated receptors." British journal of pharmacology 152.5 (2007): 576-582.

     

    19. Esposito G, et al, “Cannabidiol reduces amyloid beta-induced neuroinflammation and promotes hippocampal neurogenesis through PPAR-gamma involvement,” PLOS One, 2011.

     

    20. Schlosburg, Joel E., Steven G. Kinsey, and Aron H. Lichtman. "Targeting fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) to treat pain and inflammation." The AAPS journal 11.1 (2009): 39-44.

     

    21. Sun, Yan, and Andy Bennett. "Cannabinoids: a new group of agonists of PPARs." PPAR research 2007 (2007).

     

    22. Theodore, William H., et al. "Serotonin 1A receptors, depression, and memory in temporal lobe epilepsy." Epilepsia 53.1 (2012): 129-133.

     

    23. Mechoulam, Raphael. "Cannabis—a valuable drug that deserves better treatment." Mayo Clinic Proceedings. Vol. 87. No. 2. Mayo Foundation, 2012.

     

    24. Katona, István, et al. "Distribution of CB1 cannabinoid receptors in the amygdala and their role in the control of GABAergic transmission." The Journal of neuroscience 21.23 (2001): 9506-9518.

     

    25. Treiman, David M. "GABAergic mechanisms in epilepsy." Epilepsia 42.s3 (2001): 8-12.

     

    26. Russo, Ethan B. "Taming THC: potential cannabis synergy and phytocannabinoid‐terpenoid entourage effects." British journal of pharmacology 163.7 (2011): 1344-1364.

     

    27. Benet, Leslie Z., Vincent J. Wacher, and Reed M. Benet. "Use of essential oils to increase bioavailability of oral pharmaceutical compounds." U.S. Patent No. 5,665,386. 9 Sep. 1997.

     

    28. Jing, Li, et al. "Preventive and ameliorating effects of citrus d-limonene on dyslipidemia and hyperglycemia in mice with high-fat diet-induced obesity." European journal of pharmacology 715.1 (2013): 46-55.

     

    29. Gurgel do Vale, T., et al. "Central effects of citral, myrcene and limonene, constituents of essential oil chemotypes from< i> Lippia alba</i>(Mill.) NE Brown." Phytomedicine 9.8 (2002): 709-714.

     

    30. Müller, M., et al. "Effect of eugenol on spreading depression and epileptiform discharges in rat neocortical and hippocampal tissues." Neuroscience 140.2 (2006): 743-751.

     

    31. Bento, Allisson Freire, et al. "β-Caryophyllene inhibits dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis in mice through CB2 receptor activation and PPARγ pathway." The American journal of pathology 178.3 (2011): 1153-1166.

     

    32. Christensen, Kathrine B., et al. "Identification of plant extracts with potential antidiabetic properties: effect on human peroxisome proliferator‐activated receptor (PPAR), adipocyte differentiation and insulin‐stimulated glucose uptake." Phytotherapy Research 23.9 (2009): 1316-1325.

     

    33. Gertsch, Jürg, Roger G. Pertwee, and Vincenzo Di Marzo. "Phytocannabinoids beyond the Cannabis plant–do they exist?." British journal of pharmacology 160.3 (2010): 523-529.

     

    34. Yu, Hua-Hui, et al. "Genetic diversity and relationship of endangered plant< i> Magnolia officinalis</i>(Magnoliaceae) assessed with ISSR polymorphisms." Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 39.2 (2011): 71-78.

     

    35. Atanasov, Atanas G., et al. "Honokiol: A non-adipogenic PPARγ agonist from nature." Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)-General Subjects 1830.10 (2013): 4813-4819.

     

    36. Rempel, Viktor, et al. "Magnolia Extract, Magnolol, and Metabolites: Activation of Cannabinoid CB2 Receptors and Blockade of the Related GPR55." ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters 4.1 (2012): 41-45.

     

    37. Shih, Ching-Yu, and Tz-Chong Chou. "The antiplatelet activity of magnolol is mediated by PPAR-β/γ." Biochemical Pharmacology (2012).

     

    38. Fuchs, Alexander, Viktor Rempel, and Christa E. Müller. "The Natural Product Magnolol as a Lead Structure for the Development of Potent Cannabinoid Receptor Agonists." PloS one 8.10 (2013): e77739.

     

    39. Chen, C. R., et al. "Magnolol, a major bioactive constituent of the bark of Magnolia officinalis, exerts antiepileptic effects via the GABA/benzodiazepine receptor complex in mice." British journal of pharmacology 164.5 (2011): 1534-1546.

     

    40. Alexeev, Mikhail, et al. "The natural products magnolol and honokiol are positive allosteric modulators of both synaptic and extra-synaptic GABA< sub> A</sub> receptors." Neuropharmacology 62.8 (2012): 2507-2514.

     

    41. Lin, Yi-Ruu, et al. "Differential inhibitory effects of honokiol and magnolol on excitatory amino acid-evoked cation signals and NMDA-induced seizures." Neuropharmacology 49.4 (2005): 542-550.

     

    42. Cui, H. S., et al. "Protective action of honokiol, administered orally, against oxidative stress in brain of mice challenged with NMDA." Phytomedicine 14.10 (2007): 696-700.

     

    43. Su, Ziren, et al. "Heat-induced degradation of magnolol and honokiol in supercritical fluid CO_ (2) extraction of cortex Magnolia officinalis (Houpo)." Acta pharmaceutica Sinica 37.11 (2001): 870-875.

     

    44. Maccarrone, Mauro, et al. "The endocannabinoid system and its relevance for nutrition." Annual review of nutrition 30 (2010): 423-440.

  11. So every day I read more and more about dispensaries, and government this and that.. LEOs hate this law due to lack of funding stemming from Marijuana arrests..

     

    I was theorizing this morning with a buddy of mine..

     

    I can see it now, the Government run dispensaries will cancel out our rights to grow our own, which in turn will put a halt to the "legal home grow" That will satisfy LEO cause they will now be able to raid each suspected home that has a grow and seize all the equipment and still get to charge you with a cannabis related charge. seems to be looking up for the big guys imo..

     

    They get to corner the MM market, and seeing as it wont be legal to grow your own anymore they know 40-60% of people have involvement in growing they have a huge new group of Marijuana users to target to hit their quota.. I'm not excited about the future at all

     

    All this belly aching about your precious dispensaries is going to ruin everything for alot of people that just want to get by and not have to go through another fiasco run by the government the same people that have no idea wtf is good or bad.. its all about the money $$

     

    Is it REALLLLLLY that hard to find some herb, the stuff thats been around since the beginning of freaking time?? Can't they setup a web based program that makes it easy like a click of the button kind of stuff for the real square/newbie. Kinda like buying insurance you have a site setup with CG's the new pt goes through finds your ad that fits what your looking for and move along????

     

    Sorry my rant is out of frustration, I just have this nasty feeling that the police and suits will get their way.. and Marijuana arrests will be here to stay.. legal or not.

  12. Attorney General Eric Holder is scheduled to speak to the American bar Association this afternoon about reducing sentences for minor drug offenders. He will also outline some encourage reducing prison populations by finding alternatives for elderly and non-violent criminals and encouraging and creating ways for federal prosecutors to sidestep minimum sentencing guidelines. Read more here

  13.  

    Titles do not match descriptions, 11 proposed changes in one bill; Legislative “Swiss cheese” needs evaluation, not speedy vote

     

    By Rick Thompson

     

     

    Word is circulating in the
    and in Lansing that the Walsh package of anti-patient bills may be voted on in the Senate on Thursday, Dcember 6th during this year’s lame duck session of the legislature. These Bills addressing the
    (MMA) have been so extensively modified and widely criticized that they have little clarity and even less support remaining. Enough significant questions remain to keep these bills shelved until a more organized and popular effort can be launched during next session.

    The
    were a package of eight
    designed to “reign in” the MMMA. Introduced in June 2011, none of the bills
    have ever
    been passed and in the year-and-a-half since their introduction, the need for action has fizzled and died. No community groups are calling for action against marijuana patients; the opposite is true, with voters
    signaling the need for relaxed marijuana laws, not increased restrictions on the sick and injured.

    The Bills, now pared down to four, have been passed by the House of Representatives and the Senate Judiciary Committee. They await a vote of the Senate, and then a vote in the House affirming the Senate's changes. Any bills not approved at the end of this year are voided and must be re-introduced next year.
    suggest this legislation had no chance of passing during the regular session, suggesting Republican leadership intentionally reserved their consideration until after the election. The bills could be reborn next year: Republicans will
    in both the House and Senate in 2013, removing any need for end-of-year legislative expedience at the expense of social justice. The lame duck session is
    and a superficial reading of bills prior to passage is common. The Walsh bills require a more extensive read to understand the complexities- there are 11 changes to the MMA proposed in the current version of HB 4851 alone.

    Stone Soup Legislation

    carries this official government
    :

    Health; medical marihuana;
    photograph on medical marihuana card
    ; require. Amends sec. 6 of 2008 IL 1 (MCL 333.26426).

    (emphasis added)

    HB 4834 was introduced in June of 2011. That issue, requiring photographs on medical marijuana cards, has been dropped from the current version of HB 4834 being floated in the Senate, V-2. Senators and Representatives unfamiliar with this bill, who rely on these descriptions for guidance, will be voting for a fraud. HB 4834 has been altered so many times the content is confusing to even the most intimately involved politicos. A companion bill, HB 4851, has proposed or contained more than 15 different variations on changes to the Michigan Medical Marijuana Act (see chart below). Even single issues appear on different bills. Transporting live marijuana plants in a car is allowed under HB 4834, but rules regarding transporting dried useable marijuana in a car are found in HB 4856. The passage of the Walsh bills would create more of the “Swiss cheese” that the Michigan Medical Marijuana Act is routinely compared to.

    Single issue bills are completely possible- the Senate did it. The three Bills that have been passed by the Senate and are headed for a vote in the House- SBs 321, 505 and 933- are single-issue bills, easily read and understood. So are two of the four House bills, HB 4853 and HB 4856. Combined, the two controversial House bills 4851 and 4834 currently contain more than 30 proposed changes to the MMA.

    Much of this confusion is the result of the legislative stone soup nature of the development of the Walsh Bills. It appears each bill was started as a single issue before various special interest groups each added their own flavor to the soupy package. "Special interest groups are lining up to push their agendas and collect political IOUs," says the Morning Sun. The Michigan State Police, the Michigan Township’s Authority, the Attorney General’s office, the Prosecuting Attorneys Association of Michigan, all contributed pieces to the end result. This is especially apparent when evaluating the additional restrictions on patients made after both HB 4851 and 4834’s initial filing (see chart below).

    And there will be no time to read these convoluted pieces of legislation: reports suggest the Senate has booked themselves an early exit from duty, bowing out as early as December 13th, whereas the House may continue to conduct business until the 20th. If true, this gives the Senate only six days in session remaining in 2012 with more pressing issues left to resolve, including the NPO status of Blue Cross/Blue Shield, Right to Work, regional transportation, Emergency Managers, tax credits for fetuses, etc.

     

    “Even if these issues individually merited consideration there is simply no time to give them a thorough evaluation by legislators or a reasonable period for citizen response,” said Jamie Lowell of the 3rd Coast Compassion Center. “There are no lame ducks in the Senate. Every man and woman is going to have to own their vote and be accountable to the people in January. And the people have spoken, clearly and often, on this issue.”

     

    read the whole article here

  14. blog-0792794001345389491.jpgClare County Compassion Club . ning is considering doing another BBQ. We are looking to see how many are or would be interested n Joining us? We have been getting alot of requests lately for us to have another one.So WE thought we would ask and see if anyone else would b or is interested n Joining us. We would supply the meat as allways..And everyone brings a dish to pass..This will be n a safe place....This would be for Patients/caregivers and spouses of(less someone needs someone to drive them there)..This would be held in Clare County..Please let us know if you would be interested n joining us..Thanks n advance..
  15. I Just smoked, my desription of how I feel at this moment;

     

    Ok so I just smoked a joint of a strain called Super Bee, a card holding friend stopped by to give it a try cause I was having some pretty bad back spams, and saw no sleep in my future.

     

    So its been about lets say 10 minutes give or take, Once we started smoking I could instanly taste what would be desribed as earthy, with a pine flavor and smell?. Got to be around the 3rd hit and the buzz effect starting to kick in, were about 1/2 way done with the joint at this point.

     

    I at this point start to feel my spasms in my back begin to untense up and the twitching started to go away, I still have a pretty good head buzz at this time, not to the point of "duh whats going on" I am now at the place that I have no real pain at all the effects of the head buzz have made me forget that I was in pain before we started..We have finshed the joint by this time, and I feel pretty "medicated" I seem to be thinking alot, nothing in particular just lots of things going through my head.

     

    I don't feel any pain anymore, I know I still hurt, but I just don't feel the pain anywhere now since I smoked, pretty cool thing!. Umm what else my memory is fine all my motor skills seem to be normal no more back spasms and my anxiety has dropped immensely, still have that heavy feeling in my head, Don't quite know how to put it in words.

     

    It has taken a while but I would label this bud a "creeper buzz" cause 10 minutes ago I was medicated its going on 20 minutes or so and the effect is much stronger. I feel great, I keep trying to desribe how I feel as it starts to effect me more and more, But all I can desribe is how I don't have any pain that I can feel at the moment? I tried laying down to fall asleep and my mind is racing still, this is normal for me when I smoke.

     

    I would say that when the effects of the head buzz start to go away (10-20 minutes) that I will be able to shut my eyes and fall alseep cause still 30 minutes later and I'm not feeling the back twisting pinching shooting pains I felt just prior to ingesting it, and that to me is a medication that has done its job it effectively stopped my pain and kept my mind busy so much so that I forgot that I was even struggling with back spasms just a 30-45 minutes ago.

     

    Well that was my smoke report and how this strain effected me, it helped with all the right things I needed assitance with at the time. THANK YOU CANNABIS!

     

    I leave the reply/comments open to you all on how you are effected after you medicate, I did this so people can read and see what they may expect after they inhale cannabis for the first time, or the regular user that has a certain strain they want to share the report on.

  16. Did You Know?

     

    Little Known Facts in the Medical Marijuana Debate

     

    1.Marijuana is classified as a Schedule 1 drug by the 1970 Controlled Substances Act, meaning it is considered to have a "high potential for abuse," "no currently accepted medical use," and "a lack of accepted safety." Rescheduling marijuana to the less restrictive Schedule II or III (45 KB) remains a contentious issue.

     

     

    2.The University of Mississippi has grown marijuana (including a placebo with virtually no THC) for US government-approved research since 1968. Each year the university grows 1.5 acres, 6.5 acres, or none, depending upon demand.

     

     

    3.The first cannabis-based prescription medicine, Sativex, was launched in the United Kingdom on June 21, 2010. Sativex is a mouth spray approved to treat spasticity in patients with Multiple Sclerosis.

     

     

    4.Eight of the 10 states that had legalized medical marijuana by 2006 saw a decrease in teen use of marijuana from 1999 to 2006.

     

     

    5.The states with the three highest possession limits among the 16 states with legal medical marijuana are Oregon (24 plants), California (18 plants), and New Mexico (16 plants).

     

     

    6.Smoked or inhaled marijuana takes only a few minutes to reach the brain, where a series of cellular reactions occur that ultimately produce the "high" feeling. When eating or drinking marijuana, this process can take up to an hour.

     

     

    7.When swallowing marijuana (in teas, brownies, etc.), the main active ingredient, Delta-9-THC, is transformed by the liver into the more psychoactively powerful Delta-11-THC.

     

     

    8.In 1978 the US government started the Compassionate Investigational New Drug (IND) program. Although closed for new patients in 1991, it still supplies 320-360 marijuana cigarettes monthly to each of the four seriously ill patients remaining in the program.

     

     

    9.According to FDA data obtained by our filing of a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request, marijuana was not reported as a primary cause of death at all between Jan. 1, 1997 to June 30, 2005 (the time for which the data were available).

     

     

    10.The US Department of Justice, in an Oct. 19, 2009 memo, advised federal prosecutors not to target medical marijuana patients whose actions are in compliance with the law in states that have legalized medical marijuana.

     

     

    11.Marijuana contains over 400 different identifiable chemical constituents, including steroids and Vitamin A.

     

     

    12.The British Lung Foundation reported in Nov. 2002 that 3-4 marijuana cigarettes a day are as dangerous to the lungs as 20 or more tobacco cigarettes a day.

     

     

    13.A UCLA study presented on May 24, 2006 found no association between marijuana and lung cancer, and it suggested that marijuana may even have "some protective effect."

     

     

    14.Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) Administrative Law Judge Mary Ellen Bittner ruled on Feb. 12, 2007 that "there is currently an inadequate supply of marijuana available for research purposes."

     

     

    15.The 1999 Institute of Medicine (IOM) report, commissioned by the US government, recommended that under certain narrow conditions marijuana should be medically available to some patients, even though "numerous studies suggest that marijuana smoke is an important risk factor in the development of respiratory disease." Read more about the report's conclusions.

  17. do allot of reading and I do not remember a locality barring medical use anywhere else before in a medical cannabis State . Even Livonia's troubling actions previously banning caregiver activities did not go there . That doesn't mean it hasn't occurred but it is rare if so

     

     

    . It just goes to show how discriminatory and dangerous attitudes are for patients . Already many are afraid to go to emergency rooms even at State Run Institutions like the U of M . 3 years after the act has passed I have not heard of one Hospital or Nursing home to have a vape or smoking area for patients who use this as medicine . Even the mention of it is frowned on and of course department heads are banning physicians from writing recommendations even denying medications due to program participation . Yet the AG's office does not step in to protect patient rights .

     

     

    Election year politics are causing a backlash for participants and distractions from care patients just do not need . The fact is only 1% of the population uses medical cannabis and the use is spread out over the whole State . Pretty much our closed community regulates itself and market forces will downsize distribution channels overtime due to real world demand and supply constrictions . It is sad that through the Michigan Municipal League and meetings with prosecutors that have no corresponding opposition harmful attitudes have been spread to form policy against patients and caregivers . Policy that forces opposition and expensive legal actions in which the sick and dieing are at a huge disadvantage in having to go up against the war chest funding of the local Government sworn to protect and serve them . We have even seen the State send in special prosecutors to assist thus further imbalance the court proceedings .

     

    Without the supply from the caregiver system the whole program collapses for the sickest patients even Bill Schuette recognizes eligible though he still will not recognize that any medical benefit from cannabis exists . Because when that is recognized it forces policy of opposition to change to accommodation . In every meeting with officials positive studies reinforcing medical benefits must be driven home negating any foundation for nuisance law . Further the act stipulates all other acts and parts of acts in conflict shall no longer apply ; so how are they enforcing law from the CSA on patients now by merely quoting Federal Statutes we all know conflict but the majority of voters that elected officials choose to ignore ?

     

     

    http://www.lansingst...D=2012303180069

  18. Another recipe using yet another part of this great healer that we just toss out! My last "recycle" recipe was using root balls for topical applications. The stem oil is used in recipes or taken as is.

    Dizz

     

    1) grind stems or cut up into small pieces. A coffee grinder will do the job nicely

    2) In slow cooker add stems and enough oil of your choice (olive, canola, coconut etc.) to thoroughly cover stems. You may need to add oil to compensate for the loss of oil due to the stems absorbing oil as they soften and cook.

    3) Cook on low for 12 hours. Once you reach the 12 hour mark turn off slow cooker and let it sit for 12 hours. You will need to cook the mixture for two 12 hour cycles.

    4) After second cycle of cooking cool and strain.

    This mixture can be use as normal in any recipe calling for oil. Some will substitute butter for the choice of oil that is used to replace the oil loss from the stems softening and absorbing the oil as well as there are those who will make this mix with all butter. I have not found one method superior to the other. You will not get that THC high or buzz from this mixture because the stems are high in CBD, but you will get a subtle deep body relaxation and pain relief with use. If you desire the THC effect add ground buds to make a 50/50 mix and cook in the same manner.

     

     

     

    Happy Cooking!!!



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    • Exactly why I always put it in a gel capsule. You can't taste it.  It all goes to the same place at the same time, the stomach. Totally repeatable and controllable. No repeats because it tastes great and you gotta have some more.  There's no use for making cannabis into candy. That puts cannabis oil into a position to be used incorrectly and abused knowingly or unknowingly. It's a very bad thing for medicine and anything else you should be keeping away from children and/or adults that can't handle keeping their dosage straight and consistent.  We have all seen industries using bad packaging and misconstrued concoctions that invite trouble from everyone especially the opposition. Cannabis doesn't need to go there too but it has, regrettably. It's just plain ignorant at this point.   
    • Doesn't look like art to me. I guess you would have to have a better understanding of art than I do to see it. All I see is false advertising. Fakeness. I guess I see your point having said that. Art doesn't have to be real. It's art because it IS fake. This 'art' stuff is in the eye of the beholder and fake can be what it's all about. 
    • You're on a blog called "The Art of the Marijuana Industry". "Art" as in the graphic and packaging design trends within the industry. Hence the beginning of the sentence you addressed, "I've yet to find the designer...". Let me know if there's anything else I can help out with.
    • Chocolate is outstanding for covering the sometimes unpleasant taste of cannabis. It also allows you to let it slowly dissolve in your mouth making it easier to control how it effects you.
    • If ONE needs chocolate then eat it. It has nothing to do with medical cannabis as a whole.   
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