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  1. 6 points
    SirLongSmoke

    Verdict......

    The verdict has been made as I sit at the councils table. She struggles to open the sealed envelope and starts the verbiage used to describe it. NOT GUILTY, Dan pats me on the back as I look to his side. I was poised and never overly excited,just content in the moment. The peace that was given beforehand, was enough to handle whatever the verdict would have been, but this is what I wanted. Now it's uplifted and removed, nice to say that I won't have to deal with it anymore. From Dan's expertise knowledge capability, this is only the third section 8 case to ever make it to trail, let alone win. Thanks for all the support, I plan on writing a book that will have the whole story; until then, always look up and be guided from the spirit within!
  2. 6 points
    Man won't face jail for technical violation of medical marijuana law Unfortunately all too often we are seeing these types of cases reported in the media regarding the MMMA. I take issue with these conclusions. The law allows each patient 2.5 ounces of usable marijuana and to cultivate up to 12 marijuana plants kept in an enclosed, locked facility. Any registered caregiver can have up to that amount for each patient registered to them (with a maximum of six), including the grower, if each person has an MMMA card. In his wife’s plot were an additional 40 plants, but the agents said Delucenay was the one actually cultivating the crop, not his wife. "You can’t do two grow operations in excess of what the law allows," Kimble said. I patently disagree with this interpretation and firmly believe that the interpretation being used from the People v Bylsma Michigan Supreme Court is wrong. Section 4(d) of the MMMA clearly states that: (d) There shall be a presumption that a qualifying patient or primary caregiver is engaged in the medical use of marihuana in accordance with this act if the qualifying patient or primary caregiver: (1) is in possession of a registry identification card; and (2) is in possession of an amount of marihuana that does not exceed the amount allowed under this act. The presumption may be rebutted by evidence that conduct related to marihuana was not for the purpose of alleviating the qualifying patient's debilitating medical condition or symptoms associated with the debilitating medical condition, in accordance with this act. The facts presented in this case seem to be unequivocal that the accused and his wife possessed a cards, and were in possession of an amount of marihuana that does not exceed the amount allowed under this act. There were no assertions in this article to suggest the existence of evidence that conduct related to marihuana was not for the purpose of alleviating the qualifying patient's debilitating medical condition or symptoms associated with the debilitating medical condition, in accordance with this act. The State claimed it was a technical violation, so why is it a “good” or “fair” deal to plead to anything other than a technical violation? Why is the only offer available to the accused to plead to a violation of the controlled substance act, when the accused is allowed to possess and engage in the medical use of marihuana? Michigan’s Medical Marijuana Act (MMMA) "is highly complicated, especially for caregivers," Branch County Circuit Court Judge Bill O’Grady told Kevin Delucenay while the latter faced sentencing. While I disagree with this statement, and suggest complicated is a code word for good for the caregiver and bad for the Police, Prosecutor, and the costs associated with a plea to a controlled substance violation. The question that remains is if it is so complicated, why is the accused guilty of anything, other than being confused like everyone else? Ignorance of the law is no excuse, but confusion of the law is something very different. Too many patients and caregivers who have relied upon the MMMA to protect them have been ensnared in the criminal justice system because of judicial and prosecutorial confusion. I would suggest that before someone is guilty of any crime, the Judge, Prosecutor and the Police must not be confused about the law. Read more: http://www.thedailyreporter.com/article/20141029/News/141028892#ixzz3HZFkElDL
  3. 6 points
    Recently in Chicago, a young man was charged and tried for felony possession with intent to deliver marijuana. During a suppression hearing, it became evident that the five officers had conducted an illegal search of the defendant's vehicle. All five officers systematically lied on the witness stand, claiming the defendant consented to the search. A video proved otherwise. The judge, a former prosecutor, admonished the officers and threw out the evidence against the defendant. The prosecutor dropped all charges against the defendant. Let's face it -- as humans, we are imperfect. Some of us lie and cheat to make our personal or professional lives easier. Like anyone else, some police officers may also lie and cheat for similar reasons. The difference between a police officer and the rest of us is that we must answer to them while the police have authoritative power to act with impunity, under the color of the law. When we discover that a police officer has lied, it raises serious questions and concerns. For every falsehood uncovered, how often does one go unnoticed? How often do a police officer's lies end up becoming damning evidence against a defendant? When the police lie, the integrity of our entire system of government comes into question. I read about the case out of Chicago, and wondered what the reaction of an average person might be. Shock? Anger? Eye-rolling annoyance? In my work as a criminal defense attorney, I leave nearly every courtroom experience feeling that the police have lied or at least exaggerated the facts. My experience is not unique. This happens every single day in every single courtroom throughout the country. To make a case against a defendant, some police officers feel the need to stretch the truth to fit within the confines of the charging crime. The war on drugs, families and our constitution is compromised when police officers lie. Lawyers challenge the integrity or truth of police officer testimony, as it relates to searches of persons and homes, before the judge and not the jury. The issue of illegal searches is a legal issue and not a factual issue. This means that at no time on behalf of my client can I argue in a jury trial that the police violated my client's constitutional right to be free from illegal searches, and therefore you should find him or her not guilty. That argument is going to be in front of a judge, if at all. Despite the solemn judicial duty to be the final arbiters of constitutional protections, it could be political suicide to appear to be soft on crime or make rulings that the police officers lied or violated the defendant's constitutional rights. Almost every case that arises from an executed search warrant will ultimately be challenged in court, yet very few result in the finding of any violation or the exclusion or suppression of illegally or unconstitutionally obtained evidence. This brings us to the case in Chicago. Five officers testified on the witness stand and lied under oath, concocting a story to avoid a finding that they had in fact violated the defendant's constitutional rights. But for a sole dash cam video these officers were unaware of, this would have been an average day in the criminal justice system. The defendant's story would have been the typical story told in the war on drugs: The bad guy doper wants the judge to believe the police are lying. The doper must be the obvious liar because he was the one caught with drugs. He's found guilty of his felony charges. Had it not been for the dash cam the officers meant to disable, the lies fabricated by all five police officers would have been accepted as the truth, and the defendant would likely be a felon, and another victim of the war on drugs, added to the growing and senseless list of American citizens. Some readers may think: the defendant had the marijuana, so even if the officers lied about how they got it, he is still guilty of a crime. Those readers are missing a very important point. We entrust our police officers with great power and a shield of governmental immunity. While they have the power to search, seize, detain, arrest and use deadly force if necessary, they must do so under the strictest of guidelines. With that in mind, consider the following: can a police officer pull you over and arrest you simply based on a hunch? No, not unless the officer observed a traffic violation or has reasonable, articulable suspicion that a crime is being committed. What if an officer decided they didn't care about the law, pulled you over anyhow, handcuffed you, and then discovered you had a small bag of marijuana hidden in your right shoe? If the officer lied and said they effected the search and arrest within the confines of the law, you may very well end up with a criminal charge and conviction. When the police abuse their authority by lying, it can lead to innocent people being charged with crimes they did not commit, or simply people being illegally searched and seized, resulting in charges they would not otherwise have. For years the war on drugs has been waged based upon the truth, veracity and integrity of the law enforcement community. If a police officer doesn't have probable cause to search, they must obtain a search warrant. In order to get a search warrant, an affidavit must be presented to a neutral and detached magistrate. The magistrate is supposed to examine and read the affidavit, and determine if probable cause exists that a crime is occurring at that moment in time. If such a finding is made, the magistrate will sign the search warrant authorizing the government to execute a search warrant. This finding of probable cause and the authorization to execute the search warrant is the tool used by the government to vitiate and circumvent the protections set forth in the Constitution of both the State of Michigan and the United States. When officers lie, as in the Chicago case, the problems with the system of justice and the war on drugs is exponentially highlighted. How many times had the officers done this before? In order to have such a coordinated, if dishonest, performance, presumably this had not been the first time. How many other defendants, who also claimed the violation of their constitutional rights, challenged the officers' version of events before a judge but without a video, and were denied the relief they requested? Without the video, how can one person prove that five seasoned and experienced officers of the law were lying? What judge would ever hear the testimony of five police officers repeating the same story five times over again, yet make a finding that the defendant with drugs in his car was more honest or credible than the officers? Without hard evidence to the contrary, like the miraculous dash cam in the Chicago case, it simply does not happen, ever. What about the officers who do in fact get caught lying? One would think that for the integrity of the system, each jurisdiction would maintain a list of officers who behaved as such so that these constitutional atrocities cannot ever happen again. Yet no such list exists. In the rare situations when an officer is found to have violated a defendant's constitutional rights, similar findings often seem to appear on the same day. It's not uncommon to learn later in the day of a similar ruling, with the same officer with an affidavit for a search warrant before the same magistrate who issued the previous search warrant erroneously. Notably missing is any note of the previous transgressions, leaving a fundamental lack of accountability. The officers in the Chicago case were sent to desk duty. As far as we can tell, there has been no review of the officers' past cases. After some time passes, business will likely continue as usual. Like many other people, some police officers lie on the job. The difference is that their lies have a resounding ripple effect with devastating consequences. When an individual's reputation, years of their life or life itself hang in the balance and their entire case comes down to their word against that of a lying police officer, the odds are most assuredly not in their favor. Unfortunately, without hard evidence like a video to document your story, an officer's testimony will be very difficult to overcome. Something like a dash cam video, like the lifesaving evidence from the Chicago case, can be the difference between prison and having your charges dropped. Unfortunately, this evidence can only be collected and provided by the very people who have violated your rights -- the police. We entrust our police officers with our personal safety, protection and upholding the law. They are burdened with great responsibilities under the law to follow protocol, policies and procedures because they have tremendous power. There cannot be any blurred lines between their duties and authority as law enforcement officers, heavily limited and regulated by state law and various policies and procedures, and their powers of enforcement.
  4. 5 points
    Recent national articles have embarrassed the state of Michigan. It does not take much reading or news watching to discover that Michigan's national spotlight is not anything to brag about. The Governor is facing controversy over his leadership in the Flint water crisis. Some are calling the situation a human rights violation, and enough voices have been heard to draw a federal investigation (1). Also according to the Center for Public Integrity and Global Integrity, Michigan ranks last in laws on ethics and transparency. (2) Quietly, without a spotlight and without any public attention, the Michigan State Bar(3) and the Great State of Michigan convened for the first time ever in United States history, a State Bar Association-sponsored Marihuana Section. In light of the horrible news associated with Michigan as of late, it was nice to that Michigan had taken some positive steps in the area of marihuana contemplation. Better yet it was even inspiring that my fellow sisters and brothers of the bar were the ones who organized the nation’s first marihuana section of a state-sanctioned bar association. The group of lawyers who are participating in this section were from all over the state, some who I knew and have fought in the trenches with, and many others from throughout the state, who likewise had devoted much of their practice in recent years to counseling and advising patients, caregiver, doctors and business owners related to their interest in Michigan’s Medical Marihuana Program. Additionally, much discussion was given to the reality that the view on marihuana both nationally and within the state is changing drastically. The consensus amongst the group was that lawyers knowledgable in the area of marihuana are currently in high demand and will continue to be needed as Michigan transforms from prohibition in the years to come. The skill set of the lawyers involved was unparalleled, and it was nice to hear so many other lawyers in different areas of specialty offering their commentary and ideas as to the interplay of the current marihuana prohibitions, the MMMA and the future of legalization in Michigan. There were even a few familiar faces belonging to prosecutors that I have battled over medical marihuana cases who were in attendance. With little faith in the current government’s rationale or policies regarding medical marihuana and responsible adult marihuana use, I am optimistic that this group can have some impact on what has truly been a failed effort by the state to deal with these very important issues. A huge thanks must be extended to Bernard Jocuns, Mary Chartier and Dan Grow, three superb attorneys who worked tirelessly to make sure this new section was in fact realized. I believe all the members of this section are grateful for their efforts, and shared the same sense of optimism and desire to help shape a more reasonable marihuana policy for the state of Michigan. I look forward to being involved with this organization, sharing, learning, and working with fellow lawyers on this very important issue, to which I have devoted so much of my practice. In closing, it is nice to know that many other professionals seem to share similar ideology and beliefs about marihuana policy, and even better that our organization is sponsored by, supported by and part of the State Bar of Michigan. Most importantly, it was nice to be surrounded by the talent of the fellow lawyers of this organization who are truly participating in a historic event that can only be categorized as “good news” coming out of Michigan. http://www.cnn.com/2016/01/05/health/flint-michigan-water-investigation/ http://www.freep.com/story/news/politics/2015/11/09/michigan-ranks-last-laws-ethics-transparency/75288210/ The State Bar of Michigan is the governing body for lawyers in the State of Michigan. Membership is mandatory for attorneys who practice law in Michigan. The organization's mission is to aid in promoting improvements in the administration of justice and advancements in jurisprudence, improving relations between the legal profession and the public, and promoting the interests of the legal profession in Michigan.
  5. 5 points
    Earlier this week I attended a fund raiser for Michigan Attorney General Candidate Mark Totten. When he addressed the supporters at this function, it was more than refreshing to hear the honesty and integrity with which he spoke. Of course the supporters present were those from our Michigan medical marihuana community, and they were all there to hear and see what our great state would be like with Mark Totten as our Law Enforcement Leader. Mark Totten was up front that the Medical Marihuana issue was not one that was entirely in his wheelhouse, he did however emphatically state that the current policies have failed miserably and needed to be changed. The most compelling words he stated were that he wanted to be a problem solver and not a problem creator. Everyone in the room new what he meant, and as he engaged with the community throughout the night, listening, talking, taking in the various complaints, grievances and suggestion, it was encouraging to say the least. While he may not yet be an expert on the MMMA, he was more than an expert, in fact great orator would better describe him, in breaking down the opponent, Bill Schuette's policies and obstruction of the MMMA. His final remarks were spot on, and clearly reflected many if not all of the inconsistent, irrational policies, and waste of tax payer dollars I feel I have been talking about since 2010. The wasting of valuable resources, ignoring the law, the constitutional initiative, and crafting arguments to defend these policies that no lawyer or any citizen should take seriously, needs to end. In 2008 3.3 Million Michiganders voted for the Michigan Medical Marihuana Act 2008. Never before in Michigan History have more votes been cast for any issue, ever. This monumental event expressed, amongst other things, the will of the citizens of Michigan to recognize cannabis as a medicine. “Modern medical research, including as found by the National Academy of Sciences' Institute of Medicine in a March 1999 report, has discovered beneficial uses for marihuana in treating or alleviating the pain, nausea, and other symptoms associated with a variety of debilitating medical conditions.” MCL 333.26422 The ballot initiative in Michigan is a constitutional right, and allows citizens to change the law through the ballot box. In addition to this process being a constitutionally guaranteed protection for Michigan Citizens, it also requires a super majority vote by the legislature to amend, giving it superior precedent to all other legislatively created laws. The biggest and most outspoken opponent to the Ballot Initiative prior to and after it became law has been Bill Schuette. Bill Schuette is a career politician who has fed from the public trough his entire professional career. In 2010 he became the Attorney General of the State of Michigan. Despite the continued overwhelming citizen support for medical cannabis, Bill Schuette the leading law enforcement agent in the state has been the biggest obstructionist to its implementation. At a time when Michigan most needed leadership, in how to effectively transition the 80 years of reefer madness taught as a religion to the law enforcement community on their first day at the academy, instead he has failed us. The Attorney General by his own propaganda machine has declared the MMMA full of more holes than Swiss cheese. His disdain for the MMMA, from his position of leadership, has set in motion a free ticket to turn a blind eye and encourage willful ignorance as the standard in the Michigan Law Enforcement Community. Prosecutors and Judges freely espouse that the MMMA is poorly written and is a bad law, begging the question of since when does or why should it matter what the elected officials of this Great State, sworn to enforce the law, and interpret the law respectively think about any given law, let alone a law that is supported by 70 percent of Michigan voters. Instead of embracing his constituents, the voters of Michigan, he has ignored their voice and used his position of authority and power to create fear, and misinformation. Instead of being accountable and responsible to the a People of the State of Michigan, he has instead cast doubt on its legitimacy, seemingly encouraging the Law Enforcement Community to ignore the protections of the Act. Instead of declaring reasonable interpretations of the MMMA that are necessary for the Act to be workable, he has either acted intentionally in failing to clarify its ambiguities or encourage officers to find the ambiguities that ultimately ensnarl what would be otherwise law abiding citizens into technical violators and alleged felons. Instead of using his office to help the citizens of Michigan implement the MMMA, he has instead done the opposite taking advantage of every opportunity to circumvent the law and ignore the will of the voters. Medical Cannabis and Cannabis reform in the United States is and will remain a topic in the national and state headlines. With over 70 and 50 percent respectively supporting reform, this issue is not going anywhere. The Michigan Legislature has attempted to address and pass a state law intended to address concerns of the MMMA and move towards a regulated system for retail sales. As the provisioning center bill remains tabled until the lame duck session, delays to its passing can be directly linked back to the state police and their leader Bill Schuette. November 4, 2014 is an important day for the medical cannabis, and cannabis reform community but more importantly for all voters in the state of Michigan. The choices are more than clear: will Michigan pave the way, and serve as an example of medical cannabis and cannabis reform pursuant to the will of the citizens of Michigan, or will a single individual espousing arcane policies, ignoring logic, and overriding popular support maintain his position of power. Does Michigan want an Attorney General who creates problems for the medical cannabis community or a person whose goal is to solve problems? Do we want an Attorney General who refuses to be educated as to the benefits of medical cannabis? Do we want an Attorney General who has toured the state, at tax payer expense, as Bill Schuette did on his “Clearing the Air” tour where he spewed fear, misinformation, and reefer madness. Do we want an Attorney General who claims to be a supporter of states’ rights who has ignored the desire of the State of Michigan to implement a medical marihuana program because, as he says, it is against federal law. Or would Michigan be better off with a leader with a more modern and realistic view of cannabis in Michigan? One who is willing to listen, learn, and become educated so he can be a problem solver instead of a problem maker. The State of Michigan will be at a crossroads on November 4, and at that time it will be decided whether the next 4 years of cannabis reform in Michigan will be implemented or obstructed. The choice should be simple vote for problem solving, and vote Mark Totten for Attorney General.
  6. 5 points
    The other day my son asked me why I decided to grow medicinal marijuana instead of just buying it, and at the time I didn’t have a good answer for him. He worries about my health; there are days when I can barely get out of bed and days when I can’t even keep my hands from shaking. So I can understand why he is concerned, but after having some time to think about why I chose to grow medicinal marijuana, I thought I would share. I have been gardening my whole life. When I was a child, my mother grew all kinds of vegetables in our backyard. She taught me everything I know about gardening. When buying my first home, the only thing I told the realtor is that there must be room for a garden. That was many years ago and I have been gardening ever since. You can imagine how difficult it was when my illness progressed and I could no longer put in the time and energy needed to maintain my tomato garden. It seemed as though I had exchanged my identity as a gardener for multiple sclerosis patient. And who wants that? When my doctor mentioned growing medicinal marijuana, I was in shock, it felt as though I got part of myself back. I would have never guessed that all my gardening experience would play such a pivotal role in my medical treatment. Then, I learned tomato plants have a similar root system to cannabis plants! Not only did I have PRO-MIX HP (which, as luck would have it, is a wonderful medium for growing cannabis) left over from gardening, but I now had the confidence to begin growing cannabis indoors. Home-grown foods have always been very important to me, I am a firm believer in the old saying “You are what you eat”. I love home-grown foods for the same reason I love home-grown medicinal marijuana: you know exactly what you’re going to get. From germination to curing, you can control your growing medium, plant’s diet, supplemental nutrients, etc. Not only does growing your own cannabis give you quality control, growing yourself gives you control over the strain as well as quantity. Once you find the strain that works best for your medicinal needs, there is comfort in knowing you may grow the strain you like, and may grow as many (as many as your state allows) as you need. While it may be easier to buy the finished product at a dispensary, I find the growing process to be very therapeutic. Growing my own medicinal marijuana has been a very liberating experience; it has allowed me to actively participate in my treatment and given me a sense of control, which is priceless when battling a disease that is centered around the uncontrollable.
  7. 4 points
    Well, since I stumbled upon my naturally decarbed concentrated cannabis oil, I wanted to try some buds that should be naturally decarbed. I had some that had been stored for about 4 months or a bit longer. I had been meaning to do it, but got a bit lazy about it since I enjoy the oil so much. With the naturally decarbed oil it makes it even more difficult. I discuss the naturally decarbed oil in my concentrates blog http://michiganmedicalmarijuana.org/blog/532/entry-1098-rso-qwiso-qwet-and-naturally-decarbed-sap-tincture-concentrates-by-grow-goddess/#commentsStart Anyway, the reason why it is so difficult for me to do the bud test is that since I have been taking the naturally decarbed oil, for me to clean up, will take at least 3 days. With RSO, it only takes a day or two. Even though the oils are similar in potency, for some reason the naturally decarbed oil seems to last twice as long as the RSO. So, I cleaned up now for a good three days. It has been painful to say the least, but, I need to know. My first day eating the decarbed buds, I only ate a joints worth. I rolled a good size joint of strawberry cough, cut it into four pieces, and swallowed each piece after forming it into a pill size, with a gulp of water. Nothing really happened right away. About 4 or so hours later, I felt a buzz creeping up then hit me kind of hard. It faded and I went to bed not sure if it was still effects from the oil or from ingesting the buds. I told myself I would know the next day for sure. The next day: I ate about the same size joint in the same manner, same strain, SC. I was surprised I think I had a little buzz in the morning when I woke up. I believe it was lingering effects from the joint I ate the day before. Not 100% positive though. So, after eating my joint in the morning, again, I felt a stronger buzz come up and hit me three hours later. It was certainly from the buds. That is just eating a joint. It is now 7:30 pm, I ate the joint at about 7:00 am, and I am still feeling the buzz. This SC that I rolled my joints with is some of my top shelf buds. It is four months old. I am guessing I will still feel the effects in the morning like I did from the joint the day before. I am kind of surprised, but it does make sense. A maintenance dose of the ND Sap oil lasts about 24 hours, sometimes longer, and that would be about a joint's worth of bud. So It would make sense that a joint worth of bud would offer the same quality of buzz that the oil does, or at least around the same potency. First impression: I prefer the ND Sap. I am not sure if I prefer the RSO or decarbed bud yet. It will take another day or two of sampling. If the bud does last 24 hours, one joint worth, I would have to say it is more medicinal than RSO in my opinion. The buds should contain all of the medicinal properties. Unlike most oils, the bud will contain the red oil which is water soluble. Who knows what medicinal properties are in the red oil. Here are a couple of pictures of the red oil. This red oil is not in RSO or ND Sap, but it is in the bud that I have been eating. Shot glass with frozen red oil Red oil after water evaporated out Now I am not saying to try to manage cancer with buds instead of RSO. I have no idea if decarbed buds would be as effective. What I am saying is ingesting decarbed buds looks promising. Whether it is for preventative maintenance or simply pain relief, also, legal reasons (MI COA ruling deeming concentrates and medibles illegal (in my opinion it is not legal for them to say that, not going to discuss why, but just what I believe)). Either way, I think the naturally decarbed buds is a great alternative to concentrates, or just to simply get an idea of what ingesting concentrates would be like. A couple of things I can point out that I have noticed. A couple of my strains are better smoked or eaten after they have naturally decarbed (4 months stored, nice and dry, sealed in a jar for 120 days). The strains seem to have more flavor, better tasting when it comes to smoking or just smelling the aroma from the open jar. Another thing I have noticed over the last couple of days from eating the bud is it seems to have sped up my metabolism. My first impression, could just be that it is something new. Not sure yet. This will probably be a short blog, but seemed worthy. If anything changes or I encounter anything new I will add to this. So far seems to be a great alternative and a great way to sample concentrates. Give it a few days of ingesting the decarbed buds before making a full or partial assessment of its worth. I for one have learned that the hard way. Patience pays off in most cases. This should be a 100% legal way to use cannabis as an edible medication in MI. If not, I don't see anything other than a 100% deliberate entrapment. Think of all of the possibilities of how one could use the naturally decarbed buds. Put some in a grinder and sprinkle it over pizza. Sprinkle some on a brownie and cover the ground bud with frosting. The possibilities are endless. In my opinion, any heat, such as oven, dehydrate, microwave, sunlight, etc. accelerates the loss of the medicinal properties of the buds. Some strains may require more quantity than others to feel the effects. Remember, it can take up to 4 hours to feel the effects.
  8. 4 points
    In the house of the wise are stores of choice food and oil, but a foolish man devours all he has. Proverbs 21:20 Well there are a gazillion conspiracy theories out there. I must admit, I am a Christian and also believe in the Shmeta, a 7 year cycle. This Shmeta year is extraordinarily biblical, 4 blood moons, star of Bethlehem, the biblical aspects of this year goes on and on, with many events to happen in September and soon after. This is not a blog to fear monger, just informational. I have done a lot of research over the years on this, but am just getting started on the prepping, better late than never. Start off small and when you buy groceries, get a little extra to put away. Don't put all of your eggs in one basket. You may want to consider stocking up on items for bartering. The thing I keep hearing of the most to invest in is gold and silver. Well, I don't have the cash flow for that and don't know of many that do. I am more concerned with survival over any financial investments. For those who can afford to invest in precious medals, turn that focus to food and water. A quick word of warning when it comes to prepping. You need to keep it to yourself for 2 reasons. 1: you don't want everyone kicking in your door if the SHTF (bunny muffin hits the fan) and taking all of your resources. You can't predict the actions of a desperate and hungry person. 2: our government will put you on a list as a potential terrorist if you have a food and water supply of 7 days or more. That was from a speech given by Rand Paul and I have to believe him. Let's get the "tough guy" things out of the way. With most preppers, the first thing that comes to mind is guns and ammo. That is on the bottom of my list, not to say it is not an important thing to have. It could be one of the most valuable. Here is my best advice. Have a 12 gauge shotgun. I would recommend a Mossberg 590 Military Special with a bayonet lug. That is around $350 and considered the most reliable firearm in the world. Here is a link to the model bayonet I have, the M7 bayonet with the M10 sheath. http://www.sportsmansguide.com/product/index/us-spec-military-style-m7-bayonet-with-m10-style-sheath?a=1884227 I would recommend two different types of handguns. I would only choose a handgun that is concealable so you can blend in. A 357 revolver would be a good choice because it can accept 38 special and 38+P bullets along with the 357 mags. They are all common bullets and that is why I consider the 357 an all around good revolver. A decent 357 revolver cost around $500. For a high capacity handgun, a pistol, I would have to recommend a 9mm baby Glock (G-26). It is the smallest 9mm Glock makes and accepts all 9mm clips Glock makes, including the 33 round clip. The G-26 is around $500. I like the gen 3 model the best. A downside with the Glock, you cannot use reloads. Of course extra ammo is a must, how much, well, I do not know. If I had to choose an inexpensive assault rifle, but of quality, I would choose an AK-47. However, it can't be the cheap stamped steel version; it would have to be a higher quality with all milled parts. The price range for the AK-47 starts at about $350 and can go up to $1,000. You can easily get full metal jacket bullets rather inexpensively. If you want an American, quality, low cost assault rifle, I would recommend a Reuger mini 14. This firearm takes the .223 bullets. The cost is around $500 and up depending on the options. The last recommendation for a firearm, if you are looking for an elite assault rifle type of weapon, I would have to recommend this website: http://hdfirearms.com/ When it comes to firearms, it is not about how cool it looks or how expensive it is. It is how comfortable and confident you are with handling it. I have seen people at the firing range with the original Russian SKS, from the 1940s, with open sights and hitting the bull's eye without failure. It must be the authentic Russian model, not the Chinese knock off. When it comes to the AK-47 or Russian SKS, I do not recommend using American bullets. Use Russian or foreign military light armor piercing bullets, preferably Russian. Enough with the guns, not what this blog is about, just had to get that out of the way. PREPPERS - PREPPING SKILLS These are skills everyone should have, not because of "dooms day", but for self reliance. It is common sense to be prepared for any type of disaster. There are hundreds of different disasters that could occur from tornadoes and snowstorms to earthquakes and volcanoes. How well you are prepared can be the difference of life or death or whether or not you and your family will be made to suffer and for how long. Prepping used to be a standard lifestyle. We have become so dependent on government, big businesses, technology, and the power companies. In the past, 90% of the populous lived in rural areas. Now it is the opposite. I can't imagine what it would be like in the city if the power were to go out for 2 weeks, especially in the northern states during the winter. If everybody had some form of investment in preparing, it would not be much of a problem. The way society is today, we need to ask; What will you do for clean water or food? We have seen the government fail; remember the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina? It would be impossible for the government to aid and protect us all if there were a big disaster. Such as, what if the New Madrid fault line were to become active like it did many years ago? I believe that was the worse documented earthquake in the US. It went off for days. The epicenter was in the part of the US where Tennessee, Kentucky, and Arkansas meet, and the effects were felt all the way to New York. The quake caused church bells to ring. It was so intense, and went on for so many days that people began to fall to their knees believing it was the wrath of God and began to repent. Do some research on the Madrid fault line, you will be shocked. For those in the west, what if the Yellowstone super volcano erupts? That could potentially take out 1/3 of the US. It is not a matter of if; it is a matter of when a disaster happens. Currently, we are overdue for an EMP from the sun. This event has been documented as occurring every 100 to 150 years. The last time it happened, it destroyed every electronic device on earth. Even items that were not connected started smoking and burned up (telegraph equipment, etc.) If that were to occur today in America, it is estimated that up to 90% of the populous would die within 2 weeks. Our power grids are very fragile. It could take 5 to 15 years to replace depending on the amount of damage. The main elements of the power grids are very complex, made in China, and takes years to have just one made. Our power grids are not adequately protected in this country. This will give you an idea as to how fragile the power grids are. Our entire country is extremely fragile in many ways. We have our lowest food reserves and lowest water reserves. Clean, safe drinking water is becoming more difficult to access. not to mention a full economic collapse, we are not immune to that. We could be in the same predicament as Greece not long from now since the global currency is in the process of being changed. Surely there will be some type of financial crises. If you ask me, the economy looks worse than ever, just being masked by the petro dollar and that can only last so long. Prepping will have different requirements for each individual or family. I will be focusing on my plan. I live in a rural area. Many people discuss "bugging out". I plan to hold down the fort. I feel that bugging out during a crisis can be dangerous for many reasons. This is not to say that for others, it may be the best choice. WATER: That is the most difficult essential item for most to prepar for. There are many that take it to the extreme in storing water for a crisis. The average person requires 1 to 2 gallons of water per day minimum. This is only for eating and drinking. I am fortunate when it comes to the issue of water. I have a newly installed 5" hand pump deep well that has been approved by the health department as potable (safe for drinking). My water storage is safely underground. We are already in the beginning of a major water crisis across the entire country. At least referring to the cities and water treatment plants, not to mention the intense droughts in the west. Also, Flint, Detroit, and cities in Ohio, the water that they are receiving is not considered safe to drink and does not comply to federal laws. In other words, it is potentially poisonous dirty water. The problem is only going to get worse. Within the next 5 years it is expected that water prices will double across the nation. Here is a worthy article to read over. This article will give an idea of how serious and expensive this problem is for our nation. http://www.msn.com/en-us/news/us/drinking-water-systems-imperiled-by-failing-infrastructure/ar-AAeNjqY?li=AA54ur#image=1 Here is a disturbing article concerning the water supply for Flint, MI. They have been poisoning people and manipulating the test results. Expect this to be carried out across the country. Greed has taken over! http://detroit.cbslocal.com/2015/10/08/lax-water-system-oversight-manipulated-data-lead-to-public-health-crisis-in-flint-researcher-says/ Here is a video where it is taken to the extreme when it comes to water storage. Not saying that you should go to this extreme, but everyone should have an adequate supply of clean water stored. He provides many good tips. nutnfancy has a wide range of videos from firearms to food when it comes to survival. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pcE5x3X6TQ4&feature=youtu.be&t=1m35s FOOD: Food storage is not difficult, or expensive, even for someone living in an apartment. It can get expensive if you choose to purchase freeze dried goods, which can last 20 to 30 years and no refrigeration is necessary, until opened for some items. Even meat is available freeze dried. If you are fortunate enough to have the money to invest, you can get everything you need in freeze dried form here: http://shop.honeyville.com/ I for one do not have the finances to invest in freeze dried foods. I fall into the category of the mid to low expense investment. I have decided to start preparing my own dried food supply. I have invested in 2 essential tools to begin my journey. The first item is the Excalibur food dehydrator. I have the Excalibur 3920TB Food Dehydrator which is a 9 try unit with a built in timer. It has good customer reviews and was reasonably priced (through Amazon.com). Excalibur makes smaller units with just as good of ratings. The next item I have invested in is the FoodSaver V3240 Vacuum Sealing System and also the FoodSaver Kit wide-mouth jar sealer, regular sealer, and accessory hose. The FoodSaver investment cost under $150 with the jar sealing accessory kit. I highly recommend the FoodSaver equipment for all marijuana growers. From now on I will be vacuum sealing all of my jarred buds for optimum freshness and longevity. The opportunities are endless for long term storage of food which are affordable and efficient. To start, buy dry goods in bulk, like at Sam's Club or Costco. A 50 pound bag of rice can be purchased for under $20. Check out this video where the guy stores 50 pounds of rice in canning jars. Another example of storing dry rice for long term using mylar bags: This is part 3, and it shows how oxygen absorbers are used. There are other methods, like mylar bags, food grade buckets, etc. I like the glass jars because rodents cannot get into them. However, as the saying says, "don't put all your eggs in one basket", it may be wise to use all methods. What if the jars get broken, from an earthquake for example? Oxygen absorbers are also good to have on hand when preparing foods for long term storage. With certain methods, you may wish to use oxygen absorbers in addition to vacuum sealing. There are many videos on YouTube that show many different techniques of long term storage of foods. As I learn more, I will add it to my discussion. The food dehydrator is great for long term storage of foods as well as making simple, healthy snacks for anytime. Dried fruit are transformed into simple, healthy snacks that last a long time, do not require refrigeration, and taste like candy! Along with the food dehydrator I also purchased The Ultimate Dehydrator Cookbook by Tammy Gangloff, Steven Gangloff & September Ferguson. I plan to invest in other books for a more diverse viewpoint on dehydrating and storing food. There are some awesome recipes for "instant, just add water meals" that can be prepared utilizing dried meats and vegetables. Just imagine the space you can save, not only for long term food storage, but even for daily use! It is time for a lifestyle change. Buy organic fruits and vegetables, no more pre-canned preservative ridden food from the grocery store. Yes, canned goods are not all bad to have around and good to stock up on by means of prepping. Most canned goods can go beyond the printed use by dates as well. Either way, I plan to change my ways to a more healthy way of life and it begins with food. In the end the equipment will have paid for itself. Buying in bulk, preparing food for long term and short term use provides less waste and can save a family well over $1,000 a year in food purchases alone. Here are a couple of videos showcasing the use of freeze dried and dehydrated food and long term food storage. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gothlufqKA4&feature=youtu.be Christy Jordan has a lot of great videos on dehydrating foods. This video is about dehydratig ground beef. You must be careful with storing any meat, it must be fat free. The fat will cause the meat to go rancid no matter how dry the meat is. Dehydrated ground beef can potentially store for 2 years or longer without refrigeration. FUEL: I am only planning to store 10 gallons of treated gasoline. I probably should store more, but space is a concern. I don't want to put all of my reliance on gasoline or electronically operated equipment. Heat for the colder climates. I haven't done too much research on this. Currently I burn wood for heat. I purchase a season supply of wood every spring. The wood burning stoves do not require electricity and that is a plus. More to come as I get more involved...
  9. 4 points
    In the Federal Eastern District Court yesterday, Komorn Law and the MMMA filed a class action lawsuit on behalf of all medical marijuana patients and their caregivers who depend on the medical use of cannabis oil or products infused with marijuana, such as edible preparations. The lawsuit seeks to enjoin the Michigan State Police and Oakland County Sheriff’s Forensic Laboratories from creating reports falsely stating that medical marijuana preparations are a synthetic schedule 1 drug, with no medical use. The lawsuit also asks the Court to appoint a crime lab monitor to ensure that a scientific standard is applied at the labs for marijuana and its preparations. The class is represented by four plaintiffs, each one a previous defendant to criminal charges and asset forfeiture for possession of medical marijuana preparations. The named defendants of the lawsuit are Col. Kriste Kibbey Etue, Director of the Michigan State Police, Inspector Scott Marier, Interim Director of the Michigan State Police Forensic Science Division, Capt. Joe Quisenberry, Commanding Officer of the Forensic Services Laboratory for Oakland County, and Michael Bouchard, Sheriff of Oakland County, Michigan. Read the lawsuit and see the exhibits here: http://michiganmedicalmarijuana.org/uploads/Lorincz%20Federal%20Complaint%20and%20Exhibits.pdf FOX17 Coverage w/video: http://fox17online.com/2016/06/22/attorneys-file-federal-class-action-lawsuit-against-msp-crime-labs-over-marijuana-reporting-policy/
  10. 4 points
    "Hope is the thing with feathers That perches in the soul And sings the tune without the words And never stops at all." ― Emily Dickinson "You cannot swim for new horizons until you have courage to lose sight of the shore." ― William Faulkner "We dream to give ourselves hope. To stop dreaming - well, that's like saying you can never change your fate." ― Amy Tan, The Hundred Secret Senses Hope keeps us going; hope is important. It is remaining in the game, believing that things will be OK, and not giving up. It is getting to the end of the road, having nowhere to go, and instead of quitting, continuing to fight to figure it out, to stay present and mindful, and not give up. Hope is important. Without hope people have nothing. A new, thoroughly researched petition to add autism to the list of conditions which can be treated with medical marijuana will be heard by the Michigan Medical Marihuana Review Panel on July 20, 2015 at 9:30 am at 611 W. Ottawa in Lansing. LARA originally refused to hear the new petition, citing the denial of two previously submitted petitions for autism. The previously submitted petitions provided limited science and research in support, and resulted in a "no" vote. This new petition was accompanied by over 75 peer review articles and over 800 pages of research on the issue of cannabis as a viable option for the treatment of autism. Despite what can only be described as overwhelming evidence, LARA, the agency tasked with addressing petitions for new conditions, refused to hold a hearing or even consider the petition. This "dead-end" and unjust position seemingly demanded that myself and Attorney Tim Knowlton, the Michigan Medical Marijuana Association, and Cannabis Patients United sue LARA in the Ingham County Court. It was only after nearly a year of litigation and foot dragging that LARA ceded its position. Attorney General Bill Schuette's office "defended" LARA's position by delaying for months, only yielding after the petitioner filed her brief with the court, days before oral arguments. Unfortunately it seems the lives of children and parents hang in the balance of a possibly disinterested and dysfunctional process controlled by LARA. But now that we are here, and now that there is a debate, the science is overwhelming. Let's not get caught up or distracted from the real issue: autism is a terrible disease with no cure and no proven safe treatments and this is a problem. We could lie to ourselves and say that no evidence exists documenting the effects of cannabis as medicine, but we know this is not true. Testimony was given by parents and physicians, and 75 scientific studies documenting cannabis safety and efficacy in treating autism have now been provided to the panel for their consideration in this decision. We also learned that telling a parent that there is no hope for their child does not work. The most compelling testimony during the May 27 public hearing was that, independent of how the new condition panels decides, parents dealing with this affliction will continue to do what they think is best for their child. This begs the question: shouldn't these parents not have to worry about being arrested considering everything else they have to deal with? For pediatric and juvenile patients under the age of 18, two doctors would have to approve. The growing rate of autism has just recently being identified as a significant public health issue, due to statistic provided by the Center for Disease Control's Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, a nationwide federal program to identify, estimate, and track and compare autism rates around the country. Their estimates show an alarming trend: autism rates have risen in every report since tracking began in 2002, from 1 in 150 in 2002 to 1 in 68 in 2010. In years past, I said people who opposed the medical use of cannabis have never experienced a friend, family member, or person who was suffering from a medical condition. But to oppose the treatment of autism for patients afflicted with the disease is inhumane. To let the status quo remain and subject parents and the physicians who treat these children with exposure to arrest and criminal charges is a deplorable policy for the benefit and welfare of the public health for the citizens of Michigan. There is overwhelming scientific and medical evidence supporting the approval of the petition. There is probably more research supporting the use of cannabis as a treatment for autism than all of the research to support the other ten conditions currently on the registry. It is important to be mindful of an often overlooked aspect of the MMMA: that its purpose is to protect the serious ill persons who have been recommended to use cannabis with a doctor's (in this case two doctors) recommendation and a bona fide relationship, from arrest and prosecution. There should be no debate that those afflicted with autism are seriously ill, and the purpose of our law, and the compassion shown by Michigan voters in approval, was to protect parents, patients, and physicians. For the panel to not recommend that autism be approved as a condition of the program is to ignore their duty and responsibility. Additionally they should be mindful that the standard by which they are held, to a recommend or not recommend as outlined by LARA's own administrative rules, already requires that the condition in question be a debilitating condition: All too often the issues regarding medical marihuana and marihuana in general are politicized. Even at times using the propagandist's favorite imagery of protecting the children. Well this issue is really about the children, and the only thing that should be considered is that there is overwhelming evidence that cannabis can provide a safe alternative to the traditional medications and treatments currently used for those afflicted with cannabis, and parents and doctors live in fear of criminal liability. But more importantly, think about any parent that is at the end of the road with traditional treatments, when the physician has no alternative and there is absolutely no likelihood of anything changing for their child, wouldn't we want that parent to have these choices, and who are we to say otherwise? What would a parent do for their child? is really the question. It the answer is anything, as the testimony presented to the panel indicates, then it is clear parents will continue to treat their children; they will not stop. If it works for their children, the question is, do we want the parents arrested? It is called hope and every red blooded American is entitled to have it. Hope is needed here. Protect the children, do not let them or their parents get arrested for treating autism with cannabis. http://www.medicaljane.com/ailment/autism/ http://michiganmedicalmarijuana.org/topic/46054-seeking-help-to-include-autism-as-qualifying-condition/?hl=autism
  11. 4 points
    Perhaps the most painful and profitable aspect of many police raids is the civil forfeiture process. Unlike criminal forfeiture, in civil forfeiture people do not need to be convicted or even charged with a crime to lose their cash, cars and property. Patients and caregivers in Michigan are all too familiar with this abusive police practice. My clients have had everything from cars, tv's, cash, computers, wedding rings, power tools and even priceless family heirlooms stolen from them by police during raids on their homes. Anything that the police find of value, they are sure to take. The typical raid goes something like this: 1) The police enter the family home at night with ski-masks, vests, and guns drawn. They look more like paramilitary units than police. 2) They force family members, including elder grandparents and young children face first onto the ground, sometimes separating them from critical devices such as oxygen tanks or other medical necessities. 3) They destroy the home, ripping apart bedrooms and mattresses, breaking or prying doors open, putting holes in the walls, slashing furniture. Sometimes my clients have not been present during the raid, and come home to find what looks like a burglary, only to find out it was the cops who stole their things and left a trail of destruction in their wake. 4) Perplexingly, no charges are filed. At least not at that moment. Medical Marijuana Patients and Caregivers are left in limbo for months, sometimes years before they are charged with a crime. 5) My clients are given 21 days to claim their items, and must pay top dollar to reacquire them from the police who stole them. How are you supposed to get to work without your car? People who have not been charged with a crime are forced to pay a ransom just to get their much needed work cars, trucks, or computers back. So what happens to that property? More often than not, it is auctioned off never to be seen again, or sold back to the owner for a considerable profit. The police get to keep every penny and with it, buy more powerful guns, flashy motorcycles and military-style vehicles, or form their own SWAT teams, to name a few examples. Each department puts more money into their armories rather than into education and classes for their officers. Related: THE EDWARD BYRNE MEMORIAL COMPETITIVE GRANT PROGRAM-GOOD INTENTIONS GONE AWRY The police in Michigan have not been taught about the MMMA. I know this because when I get them on the stand, you wouldn't believe the things they say when asked simple questions about it. This could be because the only training many Michigan police have came when they were made to attend private seminars (which I was barred from attending) which dealt specifically with the Michigan Medical Marijuana Act, hosted by Attorney General Bill Schuette. Schuette called these seminars, "Clearing the Air," and in them told police that if they returned the marijuana they seized from legal, card holding caregivers and patients, they would be violating federal law and could be charged with delivery of a controlled substance. The content of these seminars has since been posted online and can be viewed here: http://annarborchronicle.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/Schuette-Seminar.pdf The people of Michigan didn't pass the MMMA in 2008 to make it easier for police to catch people who use marijuana, or to create criminals out of police, for that matter. With the highest legal authority in the state telling police that they are committing a crime if they follow state law, we have a clear conflict of interest. As we see more states enacting not only medical marijuana legalization, but legalization for recreational use, the practice of civil forfeiture becomes threatened, and police will do anything to protect their cash cow. In the 42 states that allow police departments to profit from forfeiture, that cash flow has funded both the militarization of police and allowed law enforcement to make ridiculous purchases, including a margarita machine, a Hawaiian vacation, and a Dodge Viper. Nationwide, the Wall Street Journal reported the federal government acquired $1 billion in forfeiture from marijuana cases over the past decade. With legalization now in place in Colorado and Washington, with other states sure to follow, forfeiture revenue for the police departments that have relied on it is threatened. According to one report, legal cannabis and the subsequent drop in forfeiture have already caused one drug task force in Washington to cut its budget by 15 percent. That’s great news for due process and property rights. But the police have a trick up their sleeve which allows the to usurp the state legalization efforts and enforce federal law instead. It's called “equitable sharing." Local and State enforcement teams can still profit from civil forfeiture by collaborating with Federal Law Enforcement. Equitable sharing is a two-way street: For the federal government to “adopt” a forfeiture case, cops can approach the feds and vice-versa. The U.S. Department of Justice has applications online for agencies to apply for adoption and to transfer federally forfeited property. Crucially, criminal charges do not have to accompany a civil forfeiture case. The proceeds from federal forfeitures are deposited into the DOJ’s Asset Forfeiture Fund. After the DOJ determines the size of the cut for the feds, equitable sharing allows the local police to take up to 80 percent of what the property is worth. In fiscal year 2012, the federal government paid out almost $700 million in equitable sharing proceeds to local and state law enforcement agencies. Equitable sharing tempts cops to become bounty hunters, even in states with legal marijuana. Tony Jalali is living proof of this travesty. Jalali almost lost his businessover four grams of marijuana. After immigrating to the United States from Iran in 1978, Jalali became a successful small business owner. Jalali owns an office building in Anaheim, Calif.—worth around $1.5 million—that he rents out to fund his retirement. Among the more staid tenants—a dentist’s office, an insurance company—was ReLeaf Health & Wellness, a medical marijuana dispensary. Posing as a patient with a legitimate doctor’s recommendation, an undercover Anaheim police officer bought $37 worth of cannabis from that dispensary. Keep in mind that medical marijuana sales were—and are—legal in California under state law, and this Anaheim cop worked for local law enforcement, not the feds. Jalali never bought or sold marijuana. Jalali was not charged with any crime nor was he warned that renting to a dispensary could lead to civil forfeiture. “I had no idea I was doing anything wrong," Jalali said. Yet for the DEA, which collaborated with Anaheim police in pursing the forfeiture, that $37 pot sale was enough evidence that Jalali should lose his property. This should not have happened under California law. Not only did California voters legalize medical marijuana in 1996, state law bans forfeiting real property (like a home or a business) unless the owner has been convicted of a crime related to the property. In fact, Anaheim authorities even requested aid from California prosecutors to take action against Jalali’s property. State officials refused. But the state’s protections don’t exist on the federal level. By participating in equitable sharing, Anaheim police could directly benefit from a federal forfeiture, bypassing California law to cash in on Jalali’s property. The equitable sharing loophole still exists. The federal government can continue to prosecute criminal cases and litigate civil forfeiture actions related to cannabis. Citing the risk of federal forfeiture, Wells Fargo, one of Colorado’s largest banks, has refused to finance properties in that state’s marijuana industry. The incentives behind equitable sharing are primed for abuse. Property owners’ protection from forfeiture currently depends on prosecutorial discretion. That is no substitute for meaningful legal reform.
  12. 3 points
    I thought I would add some information to my blog about how I built my flower room. I started off sacrificing my bedroom and had to sleep in my living room for almost 9 months! I have a new bedroom now though . The bedroom measured approximately 11' x 12' with an 8' ceiling and a crawlspace underneath. I chose (2) 1000 watt switchable ballast lights to go with 50 Watts per square foot. I am running 7,500 lumen of light per square foot. The closet comes out to be 40 square feet in size, which measures approximately 4.5' x 9'. There was a window in the closet which I removed and boarded up with insulation and wood and used that to install the ports for exhausting my fans. I went with (2) outdoor pre-hung triple insulated doors for full lightproof and convenience of accessing the plants. To the left of the closet you can see a door, that is there to access the furnace pipe mostly, it was a tiny closet for the bedroom, it was pretty much unusable space for the flower room, so I painted the door white. In this next picture, you can see I added 3 vents on the outside of the closet at the top. The vents go through the wall cavity and they work like light traps. There are 3 vents on the inside of the closet at the bottom near the floor. This is so the closet can intake air and be able to breathe while the lights are on or off. In this picture you can see I added (2) 6" high output can fans 440 cfm each for a total of 880 cfm exhaust out the vents where the window was. Here is a picture of the outside window vents each 6" with dampers. In this picture you can see the lighting system is done and there is also in the center a 16" osculating wall mount fan. For the custom cooling, I took the lenses out of the light hoods so that I can exhaust air from both ends of the light hoods, so there is suction from each end of the light for maximum cooling efficiency. Each fan is hooked up to each hood so that I can have the option to run only one fan but still run both lights. Like in the winter when it is cold, I only need to run one fan. It also serves a safety purpose. If one fan fails, the other fan will still be cooling both lights. I did the same with the electrical, each fan is plugged in on a separate breaker/fuse. The room needed an air conditioner for the hot humid summers, minimum required 12,000 BTU. This had to be custom installed too, my windows slide open sideways. Well, after building it all like above, the system worked, but I wasn't fully satisfied with the cooling and the efficiency of it. So I added an 8" high output can fan at the ceiling, I call this an air exchange fan. It only takes air from the grow closet and back into the main room. It helps keep the air temps balanced between the closet and main room. This solved a lot of problems. Like in the winter, the main room was too cold which made it unusable, even though the flower room temps were just fine. If I restricted fresh air from outside to prevent the room from getting too cold, then I was exhausting heat out of my house just as fast as it was going in. Now with the air exchange fan, that is not a problem, in the winter, I am only exhausting about 100 cfm out of the flower closet. The air exchange fan at 740 cfm putting warm air back into the main room now lets the room be usable, there is only about a 5 to 10 degree temperature difference between the main room and flower closet. The air exchange fan also helps with the closet getting too cold in the winter during lights off. Also, during humid times of the year, it helps prevent mold/fungus issues in the flower room. The air exchange fan is set up to be light proof. I can leave it running at night and keep the temps right where I want them. One other benefit of installing the air exchange fan, I was able to make use of that dead space where the furnace pipe is. All three fans are equipped with a speedster speed controller so I can adjust the cooling system to meet any temperature I desire by dialing up or down the fan cfm. Now, after all of this, the lights and cooling system are all working in harmony. Here is a picture of the electrical (it is not complete in this picture). The ballasts and the electrical is mounted in the crawlspace. I choose a 220 breaker that goes to a throwbox which converts it to (2) 110 outlets with slow blow fuses. Here is a picture of my first test run with the closet, there are 12 plants in this picture, I typically only have 8 bigger ones flowering. Me and my babies in the closet. Some more pics from this closet.
  13. 3 points
    My journey with pen vaporizers began with quitting smoking cigarettes. 30 years of smoking cigarettes, it was well time to quit. Since the software update on this website, many of the images in this blog entry have been lost. You can view the complete content of this blog and more here: http://cchub.org/Blogs/blogs.html I started off with purchasing a Dream Vapor Electronic Cigarette kit for $25.99. It took me about a week before I could fully stop the cigarettes and only use the e-cigarette. The first couple of weeks I noticed that my lungs were clearing up and I could breathe better. That is when I realized that I just had to make concentrated cannabis oil work in one of these refillable tank style e-cigarettes. WARNING: The information and links I have posted throughout this blog were as I was learning. My opinion in some of the things has changed. Like the $37 SVD, it is low quality and not the real deal. I recommend the $89 kit through High Desert Vapes. The Dream Vapor, I no longer recommend that product. The C4 Clearomizer, I do not recommend that for cannabis oil, but it is acceptable for e-cigarette oils. For e-cigarettes, or any pen battery use, I recommend the eGo C Twist variable voltage batteries only, preferably the 650mAh. As you get to the end of the blog, you will see that I have gained more experience. I have tried the concentrate straight, e-cannabis oil, and I have found preferred products. In other words, read the blog to the end before making a product decision. After some failures in testing different mixtures, I found what seems to work best. It seems that Propylene Glycol USP, which is a component used in many of the e-cigarette oils, works best. It is important to be sure to get Propylene Glycol USP. The PG USP is used in medicines and some food and beverage processing. It is also great for using in topical solutions. PG USP helps medicine penetrate skin and tissue which enables the medicine to enter the bloodstream more quickly and easily. PG USP also helps chemicals bond together. The PG USP reduces the temperature required to vaporize the RSO (Concentrated Cannabis), which makes it possible to evenly vaporize the RSO with the e-cigarettes. I have compared vaporizing straight RSO vs. RSO with PG USP added. For portable electronic vaporizers, RSO with PG USP seems better to me, I prefer it. It is not only the vaporizing with an e-cigarette, there are other benefits. Such as, being able to hold 1/2 ounce worth of bud, transformed into oil in the vaporizer tank. One fill can keep a patient medicated for weeks. You just cannot beat the convenience. Also, it seems to have a different effect when inhaling. It is almost like taking a draw from a medicine inhaler. It is easy to mix the PG USP with the RSO. All you need to do is gently warm the RSO in a large spoon or small bowl just until it begins to "melt". Remove from the heat and mix in the PG USP. I have found that a 70% RSO to 30% PG USP works best. However it can vary any where from 10 - 50% PG USP, also personal preference fits into the equation. After the RSO and PG USP are mixed well, suck it up into a syringe. You now have E-Cannabis oil ready to fill an e-cigarette tank and start vaporizing your oil! Since I have started doing this, I have not even desired to smoke a joint. I think in the last 3-4 weeks I have smoked maybe one. Keep checking back for more information.
  14. 3 points
    SirLongSmoke

    Section 8 Defense

    I heard the news earlier today about section 8 defense and with no surprise,the end result being denied section 8 defense. We will appeal this decision, thanks to Dan he will bear the burden of the costs involved. He has been doing this throughout the trail, taking on the weight of the costs and ensuring my ability for the best possible outcome. Every appeal=more money, if I had to pay out of hand I would have failed miserably. My family is completely broke in the monetary department and have no funds to spare. Were scraping to get by and thanks to Dan, we can keep fighting the good fight. So I don't know where this leads or where I'm going but I know I don't walk by sight, but by faith.
  15. 3 points
    S_Caldwell

    My Journey To High Yield

    Last year was a big year for me – I graduated from college and shortly after my mom was diagnosed with lymphoma (advanced). They started her on chemo treatments right away. Despite the nausea medicine, she has little to no appetite, throws up a lot and is really tired. I have been talking with her doctors and doing some research online and from what I can understand, people who are undergoing chemo seem to benefit from smoking marijuana. My mom is “old school” and is afraid of trying it, but I have finally convinced her it’s okay and won’t hurt her and may actually help! I thought maybe I could grow it for her so she can have a constant supply and we know what she’ll be consuming because I’m growing it. She agreed. So I’ve made it my mission to learn as much about growing marijuana as I can so I can grow for her at our house. I’ve been researching every day for about a month. At the beginning I knew nothing about growing medicinal marijuana or even gardening. The first time I sat down to research I seriously typed “how to grow marijuana” into the search bar. To say I was overwhelmed with the amount of information would be an understatement. But, I am finally sorting through the weeds, so to speak, and I wanted to share with you guys what I have learned. Maybe this info will help other newbies. First things first: Where you live greatly determines what you can grow. Stop! Before you go buy your seeds and clear out some space in your backyard – first you must educate yourself on medical marijuana legislation in your area. Medical marijuana is currently legal in 20 states, but rules vary from state-to-state and even from city-to-city. In Michigan where I live, caregivers can only grow 12 plants per patient. But luckily we are allowed to grow both indoors and outdoors. Next, set a good foundation. Begin with the end result in mind. Every decision you make will greatly impact the overall production of your plant. So why not start from the beginning, using the best products and creating the most optimal growing environment. Marijuana cultivation is fairly easy but it takes dedication, time and energy to grow a quality plant. Your root system is the beginning stage of marijuana cultivation and the most important. If your plant gets off to a bad start, then it’s only downhill from there. To create a good root system remember the three S’: seeds, soil and setup. I know what you’re thinking. “Good soil? Can’t you just get dirt from your backyard?” Not even close! What you grow your plant in is called a growing medium and there’s an insane amount of them on the market that all serve different purposes. To find a product that is good for you, think about where you are growing and what you are looking for in a medium. It took me months of research, but I finally decided on PRO-MIX HP because it has Mychorrhizae, which stimulates root growth and helps the plant absorb more nutrients. Since I’m growing indoors I went with a soil-less mix. I found PRO-MIX HP at the Home Depot close to my house. This product also has 4-5x more perlite than other mediums, which helps with plant drainage – especially important for me as I tend to over water all plants! So you can recognize it easily, there’s a tomato plant photo on the package. But just because a product worked for someone else, doesn’t mean it will work for you. There are tons of different methods to growing marijuana. Look through grow journals on forums and you’ll see there are many recipes for how to grow a healthy plant with high yield. With recent medical marijuana legislation, the marijuana community has grown into a large sub-culture. There are websites, forums and groups dedicated to the discussion of medical marijuana growing, use and legislation. Community members even have their own language, like nutes means nutrients and myco for Mycorrhizae. I found this great glossary of terms I reference whenever I come across a word I’ve never seen before. A group of forum members compiled the list of most used terms. Check it out:Vocabulary of Growing Terms + Slang - Indoor Medical Marijuana Growing But even with the growing acceptance of medical marijuana use, people are still afraid to talk openly about it and most of the nurseries or retailers carrying products don’t fully understand the cultivation process. If you go to your local nursery or home improvement store you won’t see a “marijuana growing” section, but after a little research I learned growing tomato plants and marijuana are very similar. Both plants are water-sensitive, flourish in warm temperatures and need similar levels of fertilizer. As I said earlier, when looking on packaging, products with tomatoes (primarily green) can also be beneficial if you are growing marijuana. One of my mom’s hesitations about using marijuana is the common notion smoking marijuana is bad for you and people will think badly of you if they know you have smoked it. For my mom and I, we have found the online communities a great place to be able to talk openly and a great resource for finding out what works and what doesn’t. There are discussion topics on just about anything. Whatever problem you are having with your plant, there is someone who has gone through it, found a solution, and is willing to help you out. Alright, that’s what I’ve learned so far. I hope this post has taught you something. Stay tuned to hear more about my journey.
  16. 2 points
    Soon after I became a registered Michigan Medical Marijuana Caregiver, I was invited to a caregiver event held at the Green Trees building in Detroit. Upon arriving at the event every person that was invited became entered into a raffle for different items. The items for raffle were clones from different strains of plants, t-shirts, nutrients, and other miscellaneous items. When I got my ticket stub, I had thought to myself, if my ticket is drawn, I will turn down the prize. Well, my ticket was the first drawn! Seemed like it was meant to be. My prize was a Strawberry Cough clone said to be the Kushman cut. Around that time I had heard rumors that the official Kyle Kushman Strawberry Cough was available in the Detroit area. How could I feasibly turn that down, right? After getting the clone home and growing it and trying it, well, I was very impressed with the strain. The smell and taste are very strong, a very fruity strawberry smell and taste. An all around good buzz, good quality, and very tasty. The plant produces very dense nuggets, it is a very thick sturdy plant, which provides a medium yield. It is a medium height plant that grows fast with a 7-8 week flower time, which is a characteristic of an indica strain. The plant is very consistent of the quality of the harvest, it comes out good every time under 400W, 600W, or 1000W HPS lighting. I cannot say that with all of my other strains. Some of them are very picky of which lighting system they will flower best with. I have viewed many threads, blogs, and posts about Strawberry Cough. This lead me to investigate whether or not the plant I have is indeed the Kyle Kushman cut or the Dutch Passion version. With the Dutch Passion strain, you can purchase feminized seeds, the Kyle Kushman is a clone only strain. The strain I have is most definitely indica dominant. The sucker leaves are fat and wide. It has been very difficult if not impossible to determine for sure which strain mine really is. I have seen many, many pictures of the Dutch Passion strain, at least 100 of them. Only one looked similar to my plant. The similarity was only in the appearance of the sucker leaves. Throughout my investigation, and reviewing the many different phenotypes of the Dutch Passion version of Strawberry Cough, it became more difficult to truly determine if my Strawberry Cough is in fact the Kyle Kushman cut. However, with the Dutch Passion strain pictures I have seen, they all had a sativa look rather than indica, with the exception of the one. The Dutch Passion version is a sativa dominant strain with a flower time of 9-10 weeks. While turning my research to the Kyle Kushman Strawberry Cough, there were not many pictures to view. Of the pictures that I did come across, well they really had no similarities, other than they all had a sativa appearance. From what I understand, the Kyle Kushman Strawberry Cough is an indica strain. A lot of the Kyle Kushman cut pictures I found, were taken at too far of a distance to fully determine if it was indica or sativa looking. I have sampled, through my patients, many different dispensaries Dutch Passion Strawberry Cough. Oddly enough, they were all very similar to each other in taste, appearance, and buzz. The potency did vary between each sample, up to about 30%, which I credit to the different styles of growing. I will say though that not any of the Dutch Passion samples compared to my Strawberry Cough, especially when comparing taste, smell, and appearance of the buds. Throughout the research, and coming across so may controversies of "Who's got the real Kyle Kushman Strawberry Cough" there were so many contradictory statements of whether or not the Kushman cut was indica or sativa. Many stating that their "reliable" source obtained a clone from a guy who knows a guy, that got it from Kyle himself, or that this guy grew with Kyle and was gifted a cutting and so on. There were so many stories going around, it just made it impossible to know who's story to believe. The only thing that was constant in the stories was that the plant is a clone only and was initially grown in a strawberry field for many years. I had come to the conclusion that the only way I can be confident, still not 100% positive, but confident nonetheless, was to contact Kyle Kushman and ask him. Fortunately, I found him on FaceBook. Luckily, he was more than happy to give me his opinion. Kyle said he would be more than happy to look over some pictures of my plant and offer his opinion of whether or not he thought it was indeed his clone only strain. Kyle has other strains that he bread himself, some with the clone only Strawberry Cough. I believe that is where a lot of the confusion and controversies stem from (no pun intended ). I provided Kyle with some pictures of my Strawberry Cough. He said that he was pretty sure it was his strain. That was good enough for me. Here are the pictures that I sent him. I sure do love the strain. Thank you Kyle Kushman for keeping this plant alive, and for making it possible to make its way to Michigan. I love the strain, and will continue to grow it for many years to come. Here are a few more pics of it.
  17. 2 points
    I wanted to share this on my blogs. These are older pictures from when I used to run a live nature cam. Over 140 countries had viewed my nature cam. Sadly, the live broadcast came to an end due to inadequate internet service. I am still currently without adequate internet service to allow me to broadcast live. I used a top of the line camera, AXIS 213 PTZ, an IP camera meant for broadcasting, with a heated outdoor enclosure. The camera was fully robotic, and was programmable to pan, tilt, and zoom to 20 different locations. I had thousands invested into the broadcasting and it broke my heart when it came to an end. I just wanted to show the world the abundant and incredible nature Michigan has to offer. In some of the images you will see my custom built bird feeding stations. The forest animals helped me design them. From the squirrels, to the raccoons, to the bears. I had to redesign them many times. The feeding stations are super heavy duty mostly due to the bears. Currently I am only using one bird feeding station and a custom box for the squirrels. I suppose you could say I downsized. After the Marijuana Law went into effect in Michigan, I gained a new hobby. All of the animals are still visiting and I keep the feeders full. Due to Michigan law changes regarding feeding for nature viewing I had to make some changes with my platform feeder. I had to raise it higher than 5 feet. My nature feeding and viewing complies to Michigan Law. I give all the credit to the animal proof bird feeders. There are usually only one or two families of deer around until winter sets in. That is when they herd up and visit the bird feeders daily. Most people don't realize that Michigan has flying squirrels. I have even caught a couple pictures of a black bear, a good 6 feet tall, and at least 300 pounds!! I will be adding some more here soon. What you see in the slideshows is what I see nearly every day depending on the season. I don't get out much aside from working. All the animals here have really become like friends. There are thousands of creatures here and they all know me well. I have thousands of pictures. Just went through some of them quickly to put together the slideshows. The live camera ran for just over 2 years. If I could have kept it running, and had quality internet, it would be one of the world's best nature cams! All the pictures were taken on my sanctuary, and most with my live camera. It has been a few years since they were taken. All of the images in the slideshows can be found in my photo gallery: The animal images are near the end pages of the album. Here are some bird pictures. Here are some forest animal pictures. This image below is a lightened up version of the black bear standing at one of my feeders. New from June 12, 2016 taken with cell phone Here are some pictures of some miscellaneous stuff in my sanctuary. Have a lot of pudding stones around my area. A lot of gravel and boulders. Here are some of the trees and fall colors on my sanctuary. A lot of the trees are a good 100 foot tall. There is no way that I would ever have it logged. I like it all natural. I hope you have enjoyed taking a peek into my nature sanctuary. Here is another video where the pictures were taken on the sanctuary, but indoors. My Qush Test Grow for TGA. Have a great day! God bless.
  18. 2 points
    Drchopper74

    The Treatment Of Adhd

    Does any one one have any experience, or knowledge of someone who can talk to me about the use of cannabis for the treatment of ADHD in children? I have read a few articles on the subject and it sounds very promising, especially since the treatment that the doctors want to give (Ritalin) is dangerous as HELL!!! Thank you
  19. 2 points
    This article details amendments to the MMMA signed into law on September 21, 2016 which are retroactive. If you were convicted of any crime due to the possession, delivery, or manufacture of cannabis oil or any cannabis-infused product, contact us to see how the new amendments affect you. Over the past 8 years Komorn Law has vigorously represented medical marihuana patients and caregivers accused of violating the law. On July 11, 2013 the Michigan Court of Appeals in the matter of People v Carruthers delivered one of the worst opinions ever issued by any court anywhere. It was the worst opinion ever, not because I simply disagreed with it. It was the worst opinion ever because it was literally hard to read, painful to read, and difficult to comprehend. Difficult to comprehend in this context means that the opinion was not logical and ignored or failed to rely on principles of reason in coming to its conclusions. The principles of logic that were ignored or in error in Carruthers can be summed up in the following list: Section 4, the immunity section of the MMMA that protects patients and caregivers from arrest, includes only plant material marihuana. Section 4 specifically precludes non plant material such as medibles, hash, oils, wax, shatter and dabs. The MMMA Voter Initiative intended for all patients to only ingest cannabis from smoking. Despite a lot of text in the MMMA regarding non-adult medical marihuana patients, those particular patients must smoke marihuana, either by joint, bowl, dab or bong. The ingestion of non-plant material is unusable marihuana because none of the "non- plant material" ingestible cannabis products are named in the usable marihuana definition. Even though smoking is not mentioned in the usable marihuana definition, unlike medibles (or non-plant material), smoking marihuana is considered usable marihuana. The lab report in Carruthers, just like all lab reports produced by either the Michigan State Crime Lab Forensic Science Division or the Oakland County Lab, report "non-plant material marihuana" as delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol schedule 1 (a felony). That each of these so called "accredited" institutions have been falsely reporting that the "non-plant" marihuana material or substances that they have been testing is not marihuana. That despite evidence within the laboratory’s own data, overwhelming evidence exists in each of the samples that the non-plant marihuana material is marihuana. The conclusions reached in the Carruthers case, of course, make no sense and reflect unequivocally that patients and caregivers have been wrongly affected by the above mentioned treatment and legal interpretations. Many clients who have hired Komorn law over the past years have witnessed our firm fight back for patients and caregivers who found themselves in the throes of the Carruthers interpretations. During this time our clients experienced and witnessed our strategy in responding to the Carruthers interpretation. For many, the Courts embraced Carruthers and denied motions to dismiss based upon Section 4 immunity. In those situations, we were forced to present our section 8 defense, requiring presenting evidence of debilitating conditions, bona fide physician patient relationship, medical use and why the amount of marihuana at issue was not more than the reasonable amount necessary to treat the patient’s debilitating condition. For many of our clients, we were able to prevail, fight back and establish that the alleged culpable behavior was in fact medical use. Unfortunately, not all patients were given the same advice or counsel. The impact of Carruthers on the medical cannabis community has had a devastating effect. One of the groups of patients specifically identified as a protected class of individuals pursuant to the MMMA that the Carruthers decision impacted the most were the juvenile medical marihuana patients. We cannot forget all the parents of those children who feared that the simple possession of non-plant material would result in losing their immunity pursuant to Section 4. One can only imagine the thoughts and concerns going through the minds of these parents as they were forced to make decision of providing cannabis to their child that they knew worked and stopped seizures or spend the night at the emergency room at the local hospital. The Carruthers decision and its illogical rationale, as applied, impacted the protection afforded to those parents from, arrest, prosecution, and specifically Child Protective Services penalties. As applied, the Carruthers holding had the impact of precluding immunity from arrest, prosecution, or penalty of any kind for these parents. The Carruthers holding was interpreted to mean that only if the patient child or parent caregiver is in unambiguous compliance with section 4, shall immunity apply and the non-plant material marihuana per Carruthers did not fall within that category. Said another way, after 8 years of litigation the patient children and their caregiver parents both lose. Putting aside these horrific stories for a moment, there still remain many other situations where patients and caregivers who were engaging in the medical use of marihuana yet were still arrested, prosecuted, or had their medicine or property seized for the medical use of marihuana. The Carruthers Court of Appeals holding, whether intended or not, paved the way for the Law Enforcement Community to deem non-plant material marihuana as unusable marihuana, and therefore not protected by Section 4. Ultimately the Carruthers interpretation by the Law Enforcement Community resulted in the creation of crimes associated with the medical use of marihuana for the possession of marihuana of non-plant material marihuana, which at the time was deemed unusable marihuana. Many patients and caregivers have fallen victim to this Kafkaesque interpretation of the MMMA. Since the Carruthers holding in 2013, the mere possession of marihuana intended to be ingested by means other than smoking became contraband. Patients and caregivers were arrested, prosecuted and the full force and effect of penalty of any kind was imposed upon them. For many of these situations the accused patient or caregiver was only in possession of non-plant material medical marihuana. Patients and caregivers with and without competent counsel were told they were guilty of crimes for possessing medicine recommended by their physicians, merely because it was their choice to ingest the medicine in a manner other than smoking. The impact of a guilty plea, conviction or a criminal record for a schedule 1 controlled substance, often times abstracted as possession of a dangerous drug, can be devastating and it goes without saying that it impedes opportunities for work, school, housing, to possess firearms, vote and the ability to secure loans. The carnage from the Carruthers case can be felt across the state of Michigan in the homes of patients and caregivers. It has been well documented that Komorn Law intended to right this wrong. (See Komorn Law’s Federal Law Suit). For those that are not aware, Komorn Law has been representing Mr. Carruthers since his case was remanded from the Court of Appeals back to the trial Court. Those proceedings resulted in an evidentiary hearing wherein we were able to establish the necessary evidence to present a medical marihuana affirmative defense. Additionally, we challenged the competency of the laboratory report, which reported that the Carruthers's marihuana brownies were not marihuana but instead delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (not marihuana). The State appealed the trial Court’s finding in our favor, and the Court of Appeals affirmed all the trial Court’s findings in our favor. The Carruthers matter is currently before the Michigan Supreme Court, which is where it has remained since April 7, 2016. In the meantime, on or about September 21, 2016 the Governor of the State of Michigan signed into law Public Act 283 of 2016, formerly House Bill 4210. If you were convicted of any crime due to the possession, delivery, or manufacture of cannabis oil or any cannabis-infused product, contact us to see how the new amendments affect you. The title and purpose of the amendments: Section 3 amendments: Section 4 amendments: Section 6 amendments: Section 7 amendments: The Retroactive effect of 4210:
  20. 2 points
    Marvin Guy is facing capital murder in Killeen, Texas for shooting and killing a SWAT officer that was executing a no-knock, pre-dawn drug raid and Mr. Guy’s home where he was in bed with his wife. No drugs were found and the raid was apparently based on a bogus tip. [http://thefreethoughtproject.com/prosecutor-seeking-death-penalty-officer-killed-knock-raid/] Under Texas law, it is not a defense to resisting arrest that the search or arrest is unlawful. With a no-knock, pre-dawn raid there is no presentation of a warrant, no time to react, no way to determine legality. That’s the point. Resistance is futile. So what should Mr. Guy have done? No-knock raids and preventative detention were part of Nixon’s strategy from the beginning of his war against the counterculture. The U.S. Supreme Court has held that "no-knock" warrants are justified when police officers have a "reasonable suspicion" that knocking and announcing their presence before entering would "be dangerous or futile, or . . . inhibit the effective investigation of the crime." Richards v. Wisconsin (1997) 520 U.S. 385, 394 (1997). Now, there are more than 50,000 SWAT raids per year, most to search for contraband and many executed pre-dawn with no knock or announcement. Magistrates often issue a no-knock warrant upon a showing that the target is a licensed gun owner. The results are tragic. [http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/02/15/raid-of-the-day-anthony-d_n_2696658.html] The 2nd Amendment implications are largely unaddressed. In Michigan, the right to resist unlawful arrests, and other unlawful invasions of private rights, is well established in our state’s common law. In explaining the common-law right to resist an unlawful arrest, the Michigan Supreme Court has stated that “one may use such reasonable force as is necessary to prevent an illegal attachment and to resist an illegal arrest” and that “the basis for such preventive or resistive action is the illegality of an officer’s action, to which [a] defendant immediately reacts.” People v. Moreno, [http://komornlaw.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/People-v-Moreno.pdf] While it may be argued that a citizen it is not justified to resist a search or arrest based upon a facially valid warrant, a no-knock entry provides no such opportunity to stand down. In Michigan, a warrant for a no-knock entry is a recipe for a legal firefight, winners and losers to be determined after the fact. The vast majority of SWAT raids are to search for drugs, mostly marijuana. In Michigan, there is the additional fact that medical marijuana is legal. Eliminating no-knock entries to search for marijuana would be good policy and greatly reduce harm. Eliminating SWAT team enforcement of marijuana laws altogether would be the best policy. Indeed, inspections of registered patients and caregivers should not be conducted as raids at all. "A criminal raid executed under the guise of an administrative inspection is constitutionally unreasonable": [http://komornlaw.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/Berry-v-Leslie.pdf] Should Mr. Guy have moved to Michigan? Probably not quite yet. Might he have a better chance with a Texas jury? In February, just a few months before the fateful raid in Killeen, all charges against another man were dropped in a nearly identical raid when a Texas grand jury refused to indict, based on its believing that he feared for his safety and that killing the officer was a reasonable act of self-defense. Unlike the defendant in that case, Mr. Guy is black. What should Mr. Guy have done? The jury’s still out.
  21. 2 points
    A recent radio show on NPR featured an interview with Michael Komorn a leading medical marijuana attorney in Southfield and the president of the Michigan Medical Marijuana Association In 2008, Michigan voters said yes to medical marijuana. There are reports that since 2011 it seems as if fewer patients have been signing up for medical marijuana cards. A 2013 Michigan Supreme Court ruling, patients remain protected as consumers even though sellers no longer have a clear-cut legal protection to sell. According to Komorn, there are several reasons this decline has occurred most likely due to the way the medical marijuana law was amended. Patients now register once every two years, where in the past they registered once a year. “So I think inherently the numbers are down because of that change in the law,” Komorn said. Enforcement of the law “varies from community to community, county to county,” said Komorn. “Different law enforcement agencies or even prosecutors have taken a different approach to it. Some are very hands-on and are leading the charge in terms of prosecuting and creating new cases. Others have taken a more hands-off approach, so you have a great disparity throughout the state, which is a problem.” Komorn said those differences in interpretation and enforcement mean confusion for patients and caregivers Would you like to know more? Read More…Fewer Michigan medical marijuana patients signing up Listen to the interview… http://komornlaw.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/03/20150305_SS_Komorn_MedicalMarijuana.mp3
  22. 2 points
    SirLongSmoke

    Meeting Date

    In the face of scrutiny, I wait. Meeting with the school today has me nervous about my future. What will happen? How will they react? Will they understand? As I prepare myself for the worst, I always keep peace within my heart. The Lord guides me and whatever I'm faced with; I know he will be there. Always keep looking up and always keep him near. Thanks for everyone's support through this. I will let you know when I do!
  23. 2 points
    The war on drugs, declared by President Nixon in the 1970s, has played a major role in shaping today's society. According to a report by the Pew charitable trust, more than one in every 100 U.S. adults is behind bars. Many consider the war on drugs to be a devastating failure. This seems like a logical enough conclusion. The "war" was declared on our country's own citizens -- it was always a zero-sum game. Like any zero-sum game, it could only be won by the enemy's losses. But if we are the enemy, who really wins? Our collective losses have been great since the 1970s, and we have all seen them and borne their weight. Overreaching governmental intrusions into our personal privacy, criminalization of minor drug offenses and an extremely overpopulated prison are realities we've all begrudgingly come to accept. But why? Is any of this working? The United States contains five percent of world's population, yet 25 percent of the world's incarcerated population. We have the highest rate of incarceration in theentire world. In 2012, about half of those in federal prison were there for non-violent drug offenses. Of those, marijuana arrests made up 48.3 percent, 87 percent of which were for possession only. Clearly something has to change. Here's what we know: 80 percent of offenders abuse drugs or alcohol and nearly 50 percent of inmates are clinically addicted. The war on crime has been phenomenally successful in arresting and prosecuting individuals. However, it has not made a dent in addiction, the consumer demand for drugs, or the trafficker's ability sell them. According to the CIA, the United States is the "world's largest consumer of cocaine (shipped from Colombia through Mexico and the Caribbean), Colombian heroin and Mexican heroin and marijuana." So what's the answer? It's difficult to say. We need to ask ourselves some tough questions to help figure out our priorities as a country. Are we satisfied with spending more money on incarcerating our citizens, than educating them? Are we ok with our current parole/release system, or do we think the rate of recidivism (67.5 percent) is troubling? Do we agree that the United States has the highest rate of criminality in the world, or is there another explanation for why we have had the highest rate of incarceration since 2002? There have been positive steps in the right direction. On April 23, the Justice Department released new clemency guidelines for non-violent drug offenders. Amongst other requirements, the offenders, must have already served 10 years to be eligible. While this program may be taking an important step in the right direction, many others' rights are being trampled right back over every day under prevailing state and federal law. As a country, we can do better. As people, we can do better. In the 1970s, war was waged unwittingly by the United States on its own citizens. Today its time to call a cease fire.
  24. 2 points
    Ms Chocolate

    You've Asked For It!

    After reading the Senate bill 660, I have to ask: "Isn't this what was asked for?" When the cry went out to tax and regulate marijuana, is this not what was wanted? Keep in mind that we live in a country that is for the people, by the people. A country where businesses and corporations are people. A country where lawmakers perform in ways directed by the people who control their incomes. I doubt that there are no many who will not suggest that our lawmakers are indeed receiving funding from corporate people. For years corporations have spent millions of dollars developing marijuana based medications. I speak not of "government created" fake or fake cannabis, but drugs created with real, growth from the ground cannabis. These drugs have been manufactured and until recently, tested in other countries. Now that GW Pharmacy is being tested in the U.S., you best believe that there was already something in the pipeline to change the federal schedule of drugs and medications. I see SB660 as Michigan's response to the drug manufacturers request. After all, is Michigan not home to a number of them. Isn't this state the only, or just one of a few, who will not allow its citizens to sue said manufactures for fault? If the state is wrong in its giving support to these manufacturers, did its lawmakers just pass law making it harder to sue the state? With the passing of this bill, patients will be able to visit their local licensed store and purchase up to two ounces of Schedule II level, pure, germ-free, clean, environmentally-controlled marijuana. I imagine that the offerings will come in a host of forms. There will be the pre-rolled, the vapeable, food-stuff, and the topicals. All the patient needs is doctor's approval and the soon to be created "enhanced pharmacy- grade" marihuana card. I bet it will be possible to receive Plan D coverage for its purchase. This bill even includes noticed that it will run with our Michigan Medical Marijuana Act of 2008 (MMMA), not against or instead of it. As patients and/or their caregivers we will still be able to grow and use our Schedule I, home grown cannabis. With a paid doctor's approval AND a paid traceable MMMA card; we can still smoke, vaporize, eat, and rub on cannabis to relive our pains and ailments. That is, if we have the money, because Plan D won't help. Since a patient can only have one of the two cards, my guess is that the hope is for those with serious medical issues and no money will choose the "pharmacy-grade card. Knowing that many patients may be willing to make this jump, I see the number of plants allowed per patients reduced to no more than six. This bill is written to benefit corporation type people, no real people; therefor it will happen. What is not clear or certain is what will happen to the real people once the corpora dust has died. Legalized, taxed, and regulated cannabis is what people have been asking for, and darn-it, it's what's the people will get! Oh yeah, G W Pharmaceuticals is expecting FDA approval of Sativex within the next few weeks. NOTE: There are some things in this bill that are not clear What is CANNABIS? This word is defined nowhere in state law. Is the pharmacy-grade card used in place of a script? Does the card record purchases? Will there be a cost/price for the card? Is there a wait period other than for clearance? As this bill moves from the Senate to the House, I hope its Swiss cheese type holes are filled! BTW - find and read the 11/18/13 issue of The Nation
  25. 1 point
    I shall be writing more of my thoughts on this soon. In 1973, the 36 Cal. App Court ruled in People v. Vargas, that marijuana soaked in alcohol is not a narcotic. "As to the conviction for possession of marijuana, appellant testified that the jar found among his personal effects contained medicine for his rheumatism. Both Agent Velasquez and the court interpreter, Mrs. Ostendorf, testified that a mixture of alcohol and marijuana is commonly used by persons of Mexican descent in the treatment of arthritis, rheumatism and other muscular aches and pains. Agent Velasquez and Mrs. Ostendorf said that in their opinions the substance as it then existed could not be used as a narcotic, fn. 2 and Mrs. Ostendorf said that the substance is poisonous if taken internally. There was no evidence as to whether the substance could be converted from the condition it was then in to a form which could be used as a narcotic, for example, whether it could be dried and then used as a narcotic or if its poisonous quality would continue to render it unusable. From all that appears from the evidence herein, the marijuana mixed with alcohol could never again be used as a narcotic substance by ingestion, by smoking or otherwise. The judgment of conviction of count II (possession of marijuana) is reversed."
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