in vivo Posted September 18, 2013 Report Share Posted September 18, 2013 The safety and toxicity associated with the use of selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has not been extensively studied. Thirty-three patients with IBD who were prescribed celecoxib or rofecoxib were identified from questionnaire during their clinic visit at the Cedars-Sinai IBD Center between 1999 and 2002. Twenty-six had Crohn's disease (CD), 6 had ulcerative colitis (UC), and 1 had indeterminate colitis (IC). Twenty-one received rofecoxib, 10 celecoxib, and 2 received both medications at different time points. Overall, 13 (39%) patients experienced disease exacerbation, 7 of which had received celecoxib and six rofecoxib. IBD exacerbation associated with COX-2 treatment did not correlate with age, disease activity, or use of immunosuppressive medications. All patients experienced flare-up of their underlying IBD within 6 weeks of initiating COX-2 therapy. Five of 13 (38%) patients had resolution of their symptoms after discontinuing the COX-2 inhibitor, but the remaining patients required additional medical therapy to control their disease. Six other patients (18%) experienced GI side effects not associated with their underlying IBD. Five developed abdominal pain, and one developed a duodenal ulcer and a circumferential ileo-colonic ulceration with GI bleeding. Treatment with COX-2 inhibitors is associated with a high incidence of exacerbation of the underlying IBD and GI-related complications. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1097/00054725-200407000-00005/full This paper doesn't deal specifically with cannabinoids, but the acidic forms of cannabinoids are COX enzyme inhibitors. Those with GI-related complications would be advised to tread lightly, or avoid all together. Quote Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
Join the conversation
You can post now and register later. If you have an account, sign in now to post with your account.