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Effects Of Tnf-Α Attenuated By Cb2 Agonists (Systemic Inflammation)

in vivo

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Targeting cannabinoid-2 (CB2) receptors with selective agonists may represent a novel therapeutic avenue in various inflammatory diseases, but the mechanisms by which CB2 activation exerts its anti-inflammatory effects and the cellular targets are elusive. Here, we investigated the effects of CB2-receptor activation on TNF-α-induced signal transduction in human coronary artery endothelial cells in vitro and on endotoxin-induced vascular inflammatory response in vivo. TNF-α induced NF-κB and RhoA activation and upregulation of adhesion molecules ICAM-1 and VCAM-1, increased expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein, enhanced transendothelial migration of monocytes, and augmented monocyte-endothelial adhesion. Remarkably, all of the above-mentioned effects of TNF-α were attenuated by CB2 agonists. CB2 agonists also decreased the TNF-α- and/or endotoxin-induced ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 expression in isolated aortas and the adhesion of monocytes to aortic vascular endothelium. CB1 and CB2 receptors were detectable in human coronary artery endothelial cells by Western blotting, RT-PCR, real-time PCR, and immunofluorescence staining. Because the above-mentioned TNF-α-induced phenotypic changes are critical in the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis and restenosis, our findings suggest that targeting CB2 receptors on endothelial cells may offer a novel approach in the treatment of these pathologies.



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