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Hemp / Cannabis / Marijuana / Marihuana Legislation - House Resolution No. 314


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Consider this:

 

WEIGHT PER BUSHEL (EXCERPT)

Act 223 of 1863

 

 

290.31 Weight per bushel.

 

Sec. 1.

 

That whenever wheat, rye, shelled corn, corn on the cob, corn meal, oats, buckwheat, beans, clover seed, timothy seed, flax seed, hemp seed, millet seed, blue grass seed, red top seed, barley, dried apples, dried peaches, potatoes, potatoes (sweet), onions, turnips, peas, cranberries, dried plums, castor beans, salt, mineral coal, Hungarian grass seed, orchard grass seed, osage orange seed, beets, carrots or parsnips, shall be sold by the bushel, and no special agreement as to the measure or weight thereof shall be made by the parties, the measure thereof shall be ascertained by weight, and shall be computed as follows, viz:

 

60 pounds for a bushel of wheat;

 

56 pounds for a bushel of rye;

 

56 pounds for a bushel of shelled corn;

 

70 pounds for a bushel of corn on the cob;

 

50 pounds for a bushel of corn meal;

 

32 pounds for a bushel of oats;

 

48 pounds for a bushel of buckwheat;

 

60 pounds for a bushel of beans;

 

60 pounds for a bushel of clover seed;

 

45 pounds for a bushel of timothy seed;

 

56 pounds for a bushel of flax seed;

 

44 pounds for a bushel of hemp seed;

 

50 pounds for a bushel of millet or Hungarian grass seed;

 

14 pounds for a bushel of blue grass seed;

 

14 pounds for a bushel of red top seed;

 

48 pounds for a bushel of barley;

 

22 pounds for a bushel of dried apples;

 

28 pounds for a bushel of dried peaches;

 

60 pounds for a bushel of potatoes;

 

56 pounds for a bushel of sweet potatoes;

 

54 pounds for a bushel of onions;

 

58 pounds for a bushel of turnips;

 

60 pounds for a bushel of peas;

 

40 pounds for a bushel of cranberries;

 

28 pounds for a bushel of dried plums;

 

46 pounds for a bushel of castor beans;

 

56 pounds for a bushel of Michigan salt;

 

80 pounds for a bushel of mineral anthracite coal;

 

60 pounds for a bushel of mineral bituminous coal;

 

14 pounds for a bushel of orchard grass seed;

 

33 pounds for a bushel of osage orange seed;

 

56 pounds for a bushel of beets;

 

50 pounds for a bushel of carrots;

 

50 pounds for a bushel of parsnips.

 

 

History: 1863, Act 223, Eff. June 22, 1863 ;-- CL 1871, 1546 ;-- How. 1568 ;-- CL 1897, 4900 ;-- CL 1915, 6247 ;-- Am. 1925, Act 59, Eff. Aug. 27, 1925 ;-- CL 1929, 5567 ;-- CL 1948, 290.31

 

 

© 2009 Legislative Council, State of Michigan

 

http://legislature.mi.gov/doc.aspx?mcl-290-31

 

********

 

And, then, consider this newly introduced legislation:

 

(note: I've been wanting to post this healthy legislation information for awhile, now, but I haven't been able to do so with the site forum access having been mostly unavailablle for a few days, But, finally, here is some promising [however broadly remarkable] "goings-on" in Michigan's congress:

 

HR 0314 of 2010

referred7/28/2010 Commerce

Lemmons,

LaMar A resolution to memorialize Congress and the administration to recognize industrial hemp as a valuable agricultural commodity and to take certain steps to remove barriers in order to encourage the commercial production of this crop.

 

 

Rep. Lemmons offered the following resolution:

 

House Resolution No. 314.

 

A resolution to memorialize Congress and the administration to recognize industrial hemp as a valuable agricultural commodity and to take certain steps to remove barriers in order to encourage the commercial production of this crop.

 

Whereas, Industrial hemp refers to the non-drug oilseed and fiber varieties of Cannabis which are cultivated exclusively for fiber, stalk, and seed. Industrial hemp is genetically distinct from the drug varieties of Cannabis, also known as marihuana. Industrial hemp has less than three tenths of one percent of the psychoactive ingredient, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). The flowering tops of industrial hemp cannot produce any drug effect when smoked or ingested; and

 

Whereas, Congress never intended to prohibit the production of industrial hemp when restricting the production, possession, and use of marihuana. The legislative history of the federal Marihuana Tax Act, where the current definition of marihuana first appeared, shows that farmers and manufacturers of industrial hemp products were assuaged by Federal Bureau of Narcotic Commissioner Harry J. Anslinger, who promised that the proposed legislation bore no threat to them, saying "They are not only amply protected under this act, but they can go ahead and raise hemp just as they have always done it"; and

 

Whereas, The United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit ruled in Hemp Industries v. Drug Enforcement Administration, 357 F.3d 1012 (9th Cir. 2004), that the federal Controlled Substances Act of 1970 explicitly excludes non-psychoactive industrial hemp from the definition of marihuana. The federal government declined to appeal that decision; and

 

Whereas, The Controlled Substances Act of 1970 specifies the findings to which the government must attest in order to classify a substance as a Schedule I drug. Those findings include that the substance has a high potential for abuse, has no accepted medical use, and has a lack of accepted safety for use. None of these apply to industrial hemp; and

 

Whereas, Article 28, Section 2, of the United Nations Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs, 1961, as amended by the 1972 Protocol, states that, "This Convention shall not apply to the cultivation of the cannabis plant exclusively for industrial purposes (fibre and seed) or horticultural purposes"; and

 

Whereas, Hemp products abound in the United States. Nutritious hemp foods can be found in grocery stores nationwide and strong durable hemp fibers can be found in the interior parts of millions of American cars. Buildings are being constructed using a hemp and lime mixture, thereby sequestering carbon. Retail sales of hemp products in this country are estimated to be $1 billion annually; and

 

Whereas, American farmers are missing out an important economic opportunity. American companies are forced to import millions of dollars worth of hemp seed and fiber products annually from other countries, thereby effectively denying American farmers an opportunity to compete and share in the profits. Industrial hemp is a high-value low input crop that is not genetically modified, requires little or no pesticides, can be dry land farmed, and uses less fertilizer than wheat and corn. Farmers in more than 30 countries, including Canada, Great Britain, France, Germany, Romania, Australia, and China, can produce industrial hemp without undue restriction or complications; and

 

Whereas, Industrial and commercial grade hemp could help stimulate an economic resurgence in the city of Detroit and the state of Michigan as part of the New Green Economy. The State of Michigan, in general, and the City of Detroit, specifically, are in dire economic times. Detroit has an abundance of vacant land that could be used for industrial hemp farming, as well as the processing and production of over 25,000 potential products and finished goods. This could create an economic resurgence by creating thousands of jobs for Detroit and Michigan; and

 

Whereas, The reluctance of the United States Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) to permit industrial hemp farming is denying agricultural producers in this country the ability to benefit from a high-value, low-input crop, which can provide significant economic benefits to producers and manufacturers. The DEA has the authority under the Controlled Substances Act to allow Michigan to regulate industrial hemp farming under existing state laws and without requiring individual federal applications and licenses; now, therefore, be it

 

Resolved by the House of Representatives, That we memorialize Congress and the administration to recognize industrial hemp as a valuable agricultural commodity and to take steps to remove barriers in order to encourage the commercial production of this crop; and be it further

 

Resolved, That the we urge the DEA to allow Michigan to regulate industrial hemp farming under existing state laws and regulations, or those to be passed, without requiring federal applications, licenses, or fees; and be it further

 

Resolved, That copies of this resolution be transmitted to President of the United States, the Attorney General of the United States, the Administrator of the United States Drug Enforcement Administration, the Director of the Office of National Drug Control Policy, the United States Secretary of Agriculture, the President of the United States Senate, the Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, and the members of the Michigan congressional delegation.

 

http://legislature.mi.gov/doc.aspx?2010-HR-0314

 

http://legislature.mi.gov/doc.aspx?2010-HJ-07-28-069

 

FREE The CURE!

 

And, SHARE The HARVEST

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