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Flavored, Medicated, Colored Cannabis ?

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here is an easy way to deliver
substances to your plant leaves by capillary action.This can be done by bypassing the
plants roots. Much like a rose or other flower in a vase of water, cannabis can up take fluids and actually remain “alive” if the freshly cut stem is placed in an aqueous solution. The plant root system filters out large molecules, especially if the molecule is highly charged. If a flavoring-agent is placed in the soil, it will remain there, and not be taken up by the plant roots. This is because flavoring agents (flavanoids) are large, highly charged molecules. This results in the flavanoid remaining in the soil. The end result is that the flavoring agents act like a salt in the soil, and thus having osmotic properties, actually draws water from the plant back into the soil. This is a simplification but the end result is to dehydrate the plant and result in its death. I 

placed the cut stem in a jar of Mexican Vanilla extract. I left the plant’s stem
in the solution for about a week. After about 24 hours you could smell the vanilla in the colas, without the vanilla ever coming in contact with the bud. It took a while to dry out the cannabis after the RTM procedure was performed. When smoked, everyone loved the flavor and smell and it didn’t make anyone cough. The flavor is hard to describe and thus hard for people to identify, but everyone loved it. The procedure can be used in a number of different ways.Experimentation must be done to determine the optimum time the plant should be exposed to this procedure with different flavanoids. Possibilities are endless; you can dream up anything you like (Strawberry, Bubblegum, Beer, Maple, mint, or combinations of two or more substances.). No health studies have been done on adding any of these or other substances to a
product that is to be smoked and consumed by humans. Flavoring agents do exist in tobacco products, however. Some may be proven safe in the future while others most certainly will have negative health consequences.. Additionally, this mechanism may be done to flush plants with plain water if needed, to diminish nitrogen harshness on the smoke. Other important application of this procedure would be to present to the plants THC PRECURSORS. By placing the live plant, almost ready to harvest, in a solution of Terpenes or Phenols, it would have ready-formed THC precursors for the marvelous metabolic machinery
of the cannabis plant to work on. The end result could be that any strain of cannabis could be made super concentrated with THC in this manner. This technique could also hold promise in the future by allowing researchers to combine known medications with the cannabis plant. Steroids, Bronchodilators, Antibiotics and other medical substances could be delivered to the live plant. Obviously, while no real research has been done towards the safety of doing alterations to the cannabis plants, and I suspect most consumable organic substances would pose little risk, this remains to be proven. This could be applied to other plants as well

Edited by grassmatch

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I have flavored cannabis before by putting it in a food saver jar next to a qtip with a dab of mint oil on it or a napkin with vanilla on it and sucked the air out with the food saver machine. It worked well and people liked it...

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nice !..

I have flavored cannabis before by putting it in a food saver jar next to a qtip with a dab of mint oil on it or a napkin with vanilla on it and sucked the air out with the food saver machine. It worked well and people liked it...

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like one step forward and five back over thousands of years, shame on the powers that be.  I believe one day we'll look back with embarrassment at cannabis prohibition, FDA, public rx ads, MSG, artificial sweetners.................................................................................................I'm glad everyone around me is in the same boat sorta, otherwise I'd be embarrassed that I allowed this to go on in my country...(huh?)

One has to wonder where the evolution of cannabis products would be if not for the stupidity of prohibition.  Good post.  Thanks

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gm:  so i cut mature stems (at a 45 degree angle) with the buds intact, dip them in a jar of vanilla for a while.  Capillary action of the stem sucks up the flavoring  and the result is flavored bud?

and could do with beer?

barbecue sauce?

lemon meringue?

and could do with water to damp down harsh bud?

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gm:  so i cut mature stems (at a 45 degree angle) with the buds intact, dip them in a jar of vanilla for a while.  Capillary action of the stem sucks up the flavoring  and the result is flavored bud?

and could do with beer?

barbecue sauce?

lemon meringue?

and could do with water to damp down harsh bud?

I've concentrated on camphor, overnight or more. etc. vanilla, thyme, rosemary, are very prominent. The key here is manipulating an already existing terpene profile. This can even be done in dirt while growing. I spent years composting pine needles to prove the theory with great success. Rotting mangos may not impart the same flavor, but the terpenes may well set up the precursors to the end already present terpenes, and manipulate them at the same time increasing their presence.

 

I've concentrated on limonene, myrcene,camphor for personal reasons, but most can be imparted, or even more naturally set as a precursor to full production.

Edited by grassmatch

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over 120 different terpenes can be manufactured by Cannabis, some only in trace amounts with others in double-digit percentage

-produced in the Trichomes, the same glands where THC is produced, comprising between 10 and 20 percent of the total oils produced by the glands

-about 10-29 percent of marijuana smoke resin is composed of terpenes/terpenoids

-drug sniffing dogs are able to smell odorous terpenes, not THC

-age, maturation and time of day can affect the amount and ratios of terpenes. They are constantly being produced but are vaporized by heat and light of the day… so harvest in early morning!

-climate and weather also affect terpene and flavonoid production. The same variety, even genotype, can produce a different terpene profile when grown in different soils or with different fertilizers.

-in addition to many circulatory and muscular effects, some terpenes interact with neurological receptors

-a few bind weakly to Cannabinoid receptors

-others seem to alter the permeability of cell membranes and allow in either more or less THC

-others affect serotonin and dopamine chemistry (neurotransmitters)

 

Examples of some common Terpenes found in Cannabis:

-Borneol- menthol, camphor, pine, woody. Can be easily converted into menthol. Found in Cinnamon and Wormwood. It is considered a "calming sedative" in Chinese medicine. It is directed for fatigue, recovery from illness and stress.

-Caryophyllene - spicy, sweet, woody, clove, camphor, peppery. Found in black pepper(15-25%), clove(10-20%) and cotton(15-25%). It binds weakly to CB2 receptor. As a topical it is one of the constituents of clove oil, an anti-inflammatory and analgesic treatment for toothache. In high amounts, it’s a calcium and potassium ion channel blocker. As a result, it impedes the pressure exerted by heart muscles. Since THC does not have a smell, drug dogs are trained to find one, very smelly molecule called Caryophyllene-epoxide!

-Cineole/Eucalyptol- spicy, camphor, refreshing, minty. Found in rosemary, eucalyptus. It is used to increase circulation, pain relief and easily crosses the blood-brain-barrier to trigger fast olfactory reaction. Eucalyptus oil is considered centering, balancing and stimulating. It is possibly the stimulating and thought provoking part of the cannabis smoke stream.

-Delta3Carene- sweet, pine, cedar, woodsy, pungent. A constituent of rosemary, pine and cedar resin. In aroma therapy, cypress oil, high in D-3-carene, is used to dry excess fluids, tears, running noses, excess menstrual flow and perspiration. It may contribute to the dry eye and mouth experienced by some marijuana users.

-Limonene- citrus (orange, tangerine, lemon, and grapefruit), rosemary, juniper, peppermint. Repulsive to predators. Found in the rinds of many fruits and flowers. With the presence of other certain terpenes, Limonene can be an anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anti-depressant and anti- carcinogen. It can synergistically promote the absorption of other terpenes by quickly penetrating cell membranes. The result can be increased systolic blood pressure. Since Limonene is such a potent anti-fungal and anti-cancer agent, it is thought to protect against aspergillus fungi and carcinogens found in cannabis smoke streams!

-Linolool- floral (spring flowers), lily, citrus and candied spice. Possesses anti-anxiety and sedative properties (also in lavender).

-Myrcene – clove like, earthy, green-vegetative, citrus, fruity with tropical mango and minty nuances. The most prevalent terpene found in most varieties of marijuana, it is also present in high amounts in Mangos, hops, lemon grass, East Indian bay tree, verbena and Mercia. Myrcene is one of the most important chemicals used in the perfumery industry. Because of its pleasant odor, it is occasionally used directly. It’s a building block for menthol, citronella, and geraniol. It possesses antimicrobial, antiseptic, analgesic, antioxidant, anti-carcinogen, anti depressant, anti-inflammatory, and muscle relaxing effects. Myrcene affects the permeability of the cell membranes, allowing more THC to reach brain cells.

-Pinene- Alpha: pine needles, rosemary Beta: dill, parsley, rosemary, basil, yarrow, rose, hops, the familiar odor associated with pine trees and their resins. It is the major component in turpentine and is found in many other plant essential oils including rosemary, sage, and eucalyptus. Pinene can increase mental focus and energy, as well as act as an expectorant, bronchodilator (the smoke seems to expand in your lungs), and topical antiseptic. It easily crosses the blood-brain barrier where it inhibits activity of acetylcholinesterase, which destroys acetylcholine, an information transfer molecule, resulting in better memory. It may counteract THC's activity, which leads to low acetylcholine levels. Largely due to the presence of pinene, rosemary and sage are both considered "memory plants." Concoctions made from their leaves have been used for thousands of years in traditional medicine to retain and restore memory.

-Pulegone- mint, camphor, rosemary, candy. It is implicated in liver damage in very high dosages. It is found in tiny quantities in marijuana. Pulegone is an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor. That is, it stops the action of the protein that destroys acetylcholine, which is used by the brain to store memories.

-Sabinene - Found in oak trees, tea tree oil, black pepper and is a major constituent of carrot seed oil.

-Terpineol- floral, lilac, citrus, apple/orange blossoms, lime. It is a minor constituent of many plant essential oils. It is used in perfumes and soaps for fragrance. It reduces physical motility 45% in lab rat tests… Couch-lock effect?

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The first thing you notice upon entering a well-stocked medical marijuana dispensary is the many varieties of cannabis on display – dozens of glass jars filled with glistening, manicured bud. Everyone has their favorites: OG Kush, Headband, Sour Diesel, Flo, Lemon Thai, Super Silver Haze ... Some strains are energizing, some are sedating; some are better for pain, others for inspiration.

 

A couple hits of high-THC herb, by whatever name it’s called, will get you good and stoned. But it’s not the amount of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol that accounts for the particular properties of each strain. Nor are the minuscule quantities of cannabidiol (CBD) or the hundred or so “minor” cannabinoids a key factor in most strains. With few exceptions, the THC levels are lofty, while the other cannabinoids barely register their presence, according to labs that test samples for growers and dispensaries in states where medical marijuana is legal.

 

So if THC levels are generally high across the board and the other cannabinoids are present only at trace levels, what makes one strain different from another? And why does each marijuana strain impart a distinct psychoactive effect? There must be something else in the plant that influences the quality of the cannabis high.

 

David Watson, the master crafter of the foundational hybrid Skunk #1, was among the first to emphasize the importance of aromatic terpenes for their modifying impact on THC. Terpenes, or terpenoids, are the compounds in cannabis that give the plant its unique smell. THC and the other cannabinoids have no odor, so marijuana’s compelling fragrance depends on which terpenes predominate. It’s the combination of terpenoids and THC that endows each strain with a specific psychoactive flavor.

 

In 1989, Watson and his business partner, Robert Connell Clarke, formed HortaPharm, a legally chartered, Holland-based research company that specializes in botanical science and cannabis therapeutics. Based in Amsterdam, these two American expatriates broke new ground in horticultural pharmacology as they crossed and recrossed thousands of cannabis varietals, discarding most along the way while selecting a relatively small number for further development.

 

How did they decide which plants made the first cut? “We smelled them,” Watson explains.

 

He had long suspected that the terpenes present in cannabis resin enhance the potency of THC. Ten years after launching HortaPharm, Watson tested his hypothesis in an experiment that compared the subjective effects of 100 percent THC to lesser amounts in terpene-infused cannabis resin. The consensus among Watson and several associates: Terpene-infused resin with 50 percent THC was more potent by dry weight than an equivalent amount of pure THC.

 

Typically, terpenes are volatile molecules that evaporate easily and readily announce themselves to the nose. Therein lies the basis of aromatherapy, a popular alternative-healing modality. Like their odorless cannabinoid cousins, terpenes are oily compounds secreted in the marijuana plant’s glandular trichomes. Terpenes and THC share a biochemical precursor, geranyl pyrophosphate, which develops into the cannabinoids and terpenoids that saturate the plant’s flower tops.

 

But unlike THC and the other plant cannabinoids that exist nowhere else but in marijuana, terpenes are ubiquitous throughout the natural world. Produced by countless plant species, terpenes are prevalent in fruits, vegetables, herbs, spices, and other botanicals. Terpenes are also common ingredients in the human diet and have generally been recognized as safe to consume by the US Food and Drug Administration.

 

Scientists have identified and characterized the molecular structure of some 20,000 terpenes, which compose the largest category of plant chemicals. These can be further broken down into mono-terpenes, diterpenes and sesquiterpenes, depending on the number of repeating units of a five-carbon molecule called isoprene, the structural hallmark of all terpenoid compounds.

 

Around 200 terpenes have been found in cannabis, but only a few of these odiferous oily substances appear in amounts substantial enough to be noteworthy (or nose-worthy, as it were). Also, the terpenoid profile can vary considerably from strain to strain. “The range of flavors expressed by the genus Cannabis is extraordinary – no other plant on the planet can equal the cacophony of smells and tastes available from cannabis,” says DJ Short, the breeder-artisan who conjured True Blueberry from several heritage landrace strains.

 

The terpenes in marijuana have given the plant an enduring evolutionary advantage. Some of these essential oils are pungent enough to repel insects and animal grazers; others prevent fungus. To combat plant disease and infestation, organic pot growers spray the terpene-rich essential oils of neem and rosemary onto their crops. And terpenes, it turns out, are healthy for people as well, according to a September 2011 report by Dr. Ethan Russo in the British Journal of Pharmacology that discussed the wide-ranging therapeutic attributes of terpenoids, including several aromatic compounds that figure prominently in cannabis strains.

 

Alpha-pinene (essential pine oil), the most common terpene in the plant world and one often found in cannabis, is a bronchodilator potentially helpful for asthmatics. Pinene also promotes alertness and memory retention by inhibiting the metabolic breakdown of acetylcholinesterase, a neurotransmitter in the brain that stimulates these cognitive effects.

 

Myrcene, another terpene present in numerous cannabis varietals, is a sedative, a muscle relaxant, a hypnotic, an analgesic (painkiller) and an anti-inflammatory compound. This musky terpene contributes mightily to the infamous “couch-lock” experience, Russo maintains.

 

Limonene, a major terpene in citrus as well as in cannabis, has been used clinically to dissolve gallstones, improve mood and relieve heartburn and gastrointestinal reflux. Limonene has been shown to destroy breast-cancer cells in lab experiments, and its powerful antimicrobial action can kill pathogenic bacteria. (Lemon Kush, anyone?)

 

 

 

Linalool, a terpenoid prominent in lavender as well as in some cannabis strains, is an anxiolytic compound that counters anxiety and mediates stress. In addition, linalool is a strong anticonvulsant, and it also amplifies serotonin-receptor transmission, conferring an antidepressant effect. Applied topically, linalool can heal acne and skin burns without scarring.

 

Beta-caryophyllene is a sesquiterpene found in the essential oils of black pepper, oregano and other edible herbs, as well as in cannabis and many green, leafy vegetables. It is gastro-protective, good for treating certain ulcers, and shows great promise as a therapeutic compound for inflammatory conditions and autoimmune disorders because of its ability to bind directly to the peripheral cannabinoid receptor known as CB2.

 

THC also activates the CB2 receptor, which regulates immune function and the peripheral nervous system. But this is not the reason people feel stoned when they smoke marijuana; instead, what causes the high is THC binding to the CB1 receptor, which is concentrated in the brain and the central nervous system.

 

Stimulating the CB2 receptor doesn’t have a psychoactive effect because CB2 receptors are localized predominantly outside the brain and central nervous system. CB2 receptors are present in the gut, spleen, liver, heart, kidneys, bones, blood vessels, lymph cells, endocrine glands, and reproductive organs. Marijuana is such a versatile medicinal substance because it acts everywhere, not just in the brain.

 

In 2008, the Swiss scientist Jürg Gertsch documented beta-caryophyllene’s binding affinity for the CB2 receptor and described it as “a dietary cannabinoid.” It is the only terpenoid known to directly activate a cannabinoid receptor (which is one of the reasons why green, leafy vegetables are very healthy for people to eat). The dual status of beta-caryophyllene as a terpenoid and a CB2 activator underscores the synergistic interplay between various components of the cannabis plant. There are over 400 chemical compounds in marijuana, including cannabinoids, terpenoids and flavonoids (which give fruit skin its color). Each has specific medicinal attributes, which combine to create a holistic “entourage effect,” so that the therapeutic impact of the whole plant is greater than the sum of its parts.

 

Certain terpenoids dilate capillaries in the lungs, enabling smoked or vaporized THC to enter the bloodstream more easily. Nerolidol, a sedative terpenoid, is a skin penetrant that increases permeability and potentially facilitates cannabinoid absorption when applied topically for pain or skin conditions. Terpenoids and cannabinoids both increase blood flow, enhance cortical activity and kill respiratory pathogens – including MSRA, the antibiotic-resistant bacteria that in recent years has claimed the lives of tens of thousands of Americans. Dr. Russo’s article reports that cannabinoid-terpenoid interactions “could produce synergy with respect to treatment of pain, inflammation, depression, anxiety, addiction, epilepsy, cancer, fungal, and bacterial infections.”

 

Marijuana’s bouquet of terpenes – that “riot of perfumes,” as the poet (and hashish eater) Arthur Rimbaud once said – plays another important role: Terpenes buffer THC’s tricky psychoactivity. Cannabinoid terpenoid interactions can amplify the beneficial effects of cannabis while reducing THC-induced anxiety.

 

Some people can’t handle THC dominant marijuana, while others enjoy the relaxed intensity of the cannabis high. But few would willingly choose Marinol, the pure synthetic-THC pill, rather than organically grown backyard bud with its tangy, antioxidant-rich mixture of cannabinoids, terpenoids and flavonoids.

 

Marinol, legally available as a Schedule III substance, comes on like gangbusters and can make even the most seasoned stoner feel a bit too loopy. For nearly everyone who has tried both, the experience of THC alone compares poorly to that of THC combined with terpenes and other components of the cannabis plant.

 

In the summer of 2011, the Werc Shop in Los Angeles emerged as the first lab to test cannabis strains for terpenes. Since it began providing this service to the medical marijuana community, the Werc Shop has analyzed more than 2,000 bud samples for terpene content. Its analysis has occasionally revealed strains with different names but identical terpene content.

 

“A terpene analysis is like a fingerprint,” explains the Werc Shop’s president, Jeff Raber. “It can tell you if it’s the same strain under different names. We can see strains going by different names that have the same terpene profile. We now know those strains are identical.”

 

 

 

Terpene testing has enabled the Werc Shop to identify when strains have been misnamed. “We’ve seen a dozen of samples of Trainwreck, for example, that have a consistent terpene profile,” Raber says. “And then we examine some bud purporting to be Trainwreck, but with a terpene content that differs markedly from what we know is Trainwreck. By testing for terpenes, we can often verify if the strain is what the grower or provider says it is.”

 

It may be possible, via terpenoid and cannabinoid analysis, to investigate and verify the genetic lineage of various strains. Though a great deal of research would be required, one might even be able to construct something akin to a marijuana family tree.

 

The Werc Shop has also tested numerous cannabis extracts for their terpene content. But Raber found that the oil-extraction process, if it involves heating the plant matter, typically destroys the terpenes, which evaporate at much lower temperatures than THC.

 

Various extraction methods have their pros and cons. Using hexane or another toxic solvent to extract cannabis oil can leave poisonous residues behind. Critical CO2 extraction, while cleaner, requires expensive, sophisticated equipment and technical expertise. In either case, the extract maker may have to add the terpenes back into the oil concentrate in order to maximize the plant’s therapeutic potential.

 

In the future, when the herb is legal nationwide, it should be possible to access strain-specific cannabis oils, as well as made-to-order marijuana extracts with a full array of terpenes artfully tailored to meet the needs and desires of individual users

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9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) Boiling point: 157*C / 314.6 degree Fahrenheit Properties: Euphoriant, Analgesic, Antiinflammatory, Antioxidant, Antiemetic

 

cannabidiol (CBD) Boiling point: 160-180*C / 320-356 degree Fahrenheit Properties: Anxiolytic, Analgesic, Antipsychotic, Antiinflammatory, Antioxidant, Antispasmodic

 

Cannabinol (CBN) Boiling point: 185*C / 365 degree Fahrenheit Properties: Oxidation, breakdown, product, Sedative, Antibiotic

 

cannabichromene (CBC) Boiling point: 220*C / 428 degree Fahrenheit Properties: Antiinflammatory, Antibiotic, Antifungal

 

cannabigerol (CBG) Boiling point: MP52 Properties: Antiinflammatory, Antibiotic, Antifungal

 

?-8-tetrahydrocannabinol (?-8-THC) Boiling point: 175-178*C / 347-352.4 degree Fahrenheit Properties: Resembles ?-9-THC, Less psychoactive, More stable Antiemetic

 

tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV) Boiling point: < 220*C / <428 degree Fahrenheit Properties: Analgesic, Euphoriant

 

Terpenoid essential oils, their boiling points, and properties

 

ß-myrcene Boiling point: 166-168*C / 330.8-334.4 degree Fahrenheit Properties: Analgesic. Antiinflammatory, Antibiotic, Antimutagenic

 

ß-caryophyllene Boiling point: 119*C / 246.2 degree Fahrenheit Properties: Antiinflammatory, Cytoprotective (gastric mucosa), Antimalarial

 

d-limonene Boiling point: 177*C / 350.6 degree Fahrenheit Properties: Cannabinoid agonist?, Immune potentiator, Antidepressant, Antimutagenic

 

linalool Boiling point: 198*C / 388.4 degree Fahrenheit Properties: Sedative, Antidepressant, Anxiolytic, Immune potentiator

 

pulegone Boiling point: 224*C / 435.2 degree Fahrenheit Properties: Memory booster?, AChE inhibitor, Sedative, Antipyretic

 

1,8-cineole (eucalyptol) Boiling point: 176*C / 348.8 degree Fahrenheit Properties: AChE inhibitor, Increases cerebral, blood flow, Stimulant, Antibiotic, Antiviral, Antiinflammatory, Antinociceptive

 

a-pinene Boiling point: 156*C / 312.8 degree Fahrenheit Properties: Antiinflammatory, Bronchodilator, Stimulant, Antibiotic, Antineoplastic, AChE inhibitor

 

a-terpineol Boiling point: 217-218*C / 422.6-424.4 degree Fahrenheit Properties: Sedative, Antibiotic, AChE inhibitor, Antioxidant, Antimalarial

 

terpineol-4-ol Boiling point: 209*C / 408.2 degree Fahrenheit Properties: AChE inhibitor. Antibiotic

 

p-cymene Boiling point: 177*C / 350.6 degree Fahrenheit Properties: Antibiotic, Anticandidal, AChE inhibitor

 

Flavonoid and phytosterol components, their boiling points, and properties

 

apigenin Boiling point: 178*C / 352.4 degree Fahrenheit Properties: Anxiolytic, Antiinflammatory, Estrogenic

 

quercetin Boiling point: 250*C / 482 degree Fahrenheit Properties: Antioxidant, Antimutagenic, Antiviral, Antineoplastic

 

cannflavin A Boiling point: 182*C / 359.6 degree Fahrenheit Properties: COX inhibitor, LO inhibitor

 

ß-sitosterol Boiling point: 134*C / 273.2 degree Fahrenheit Properties: Antiinflammatory, 5-a-reductase, inhibitor

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kind of a trick question. Camphor, or eucalyptol,d-pinene, etc are all related. depending on which particular one you desire, or a mixture of all, and how much you want to pay, and how pure you want it to be.....

 

I get mine from sigmaaldrich, a chem company, because I'm loyal to over priced labs for some reason. Their terpenes are gas chromo tested with real results. I can theoretically "build" a cannabis profile right now that would smell and act like medical marijuana absolut concentrate. I'm not that smart though. I make no claims to the safety of ingesting any terpene in any amount for any reasons. These are intended for other purposes of course and strict protocol should be used when handling the magic I would think.

 

On the cheap, fake it with an organic rosemary concentrate, one that is not dilute, certified, pure, and not from china. I have used these when manipulating the dpinene in composted soils with success, if that's what its called. Understand my intention was never to discover flavors, but more to influence medical qualities. The smells and incredible flavors are a bonus. I never apply anything to any flowers or stems to exploit them. I have a separate area for "mine only" and don't much share these discoveries with others except in type.

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good question !

 

There are three ways I've done this. Some are discussed in the first post. Caryophyllene, eugenol and myrcene are the major constituents I think you'll be seeking.

 

Stem Transfer

 

For a quick flavor enhancer/ medical terpene booster using the a "Crude Leaf Extract" was best. Others are mixed with carrier oils so I avoided those. Be careful not to get any on of these oils on your skin, and never stick your nose to the bottle for a whiff. You can dab a qtip at the nozzle and waft it through the air for the aroma. a drop in a oil warmer/potpourri is good too.

You'll need to first get that oil into solution. You could use soap(yuck), tween(meh), or PEG, a miracle maker in the Grassmatch labs. A coupe drops of peg, a few drops of oil, and you got a dip for your favorite stalk. Let it sit under a grow light for a few hours, put some dye in it to track the flow if you must., but you will smell the change in the bid in an hour. carefully wrap this up and we'll meet so I can dispose of it properly. technology like this could be dangerous in the wrong hands

 

Root Transfer;

see first post. use peg for fabulously aromatic flowers.

 

The Right Way;

coming soon

Edited by grassmatch

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the right way.

 

Setting up the precursors for a eugenol influenced compost is simple. After buying a few pounds of clove plant parts, flowers, stems and leaves are acceptable, but leaves are the most common. Dried is better than fresh for this purpose. I started with HappyFrog Soil, mixed 50/50 with promix(as usual) added water(1 gallon to every five of dirt)some mosquito dunk chunks, a few dozen store bought worms(rinsed and cleaned and squeezed), a dosing of organic fertilizer, and a handful of compost starter bacteria and some newspaper. I tumbled this for a couple months until I could smell the earthiness through the spice and the clove bits were breaking down. warmer temps speed this along. no meat, veggies, egg shells or anything else but water. keep it moist but not clumped until the leaves are broken down.

 

plant a strain of choice. I have better fortune with plants that are high in similar profiles to begin with. Organic ferts only and pack them on in the first 45 days or so of flower.

mangos are fun, pineapples are tricky, but worthwhile, coconut husks/seeds are wild, and any other fruit or flavor you can think of is possible. Artificially /composting oils does not work and kills micro beasties. Bananas are next here. I made banana wine and I was convinced.

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Augmented Cannabis Oil

 

3

by David B. Allen M.D.

— 15 Aug, 214

 

Augmented Cannabis oil

 

By David Allen M.D. The new vapor pens are all the craze now and can be seen everywhere. Originally designed for vaporizing tobacco and nicotine products these pens are great for vaporizing cannabis oils. These pens vaporize the cannabis oils and leave an almost undetectable odor and can be used in public without little or no notice by anyone.

 

I recently went to Las Vegas and saw many people at slot machines with these pens in one hand and the one arm bandit in the other. Some of the pens are as large as a king’s sceptre and apparently offer a status symbol and possibly a blunt weapon for defense against unruly patrons.

 

To work properly these pens are dependent on the oil viscosity being able to flow into the wicking device. The oil or wax, produced by an extraction process, frequently does not have the proper viscosity to be used in pens. Manufactures of oil sold for use in these vapor pens are now adding various agents to these oils to make them flow properly. In some cases these additives can have additional benefits or possible health concerns for patients using them.

 

Propylene Glycol is approved as an additive for nicotine vaporization in the U.S.A and is considered safe for this purpose by the FDA. (When have they ever made a mistake?) Cannabis oils and waxes can be diluted with Propylene Glycol and vaporized in a similar fashion. Do other terpenes used as a dilatant of cannabis oil offer this same safety when vaporized? The answer is complex and cannot be answered in the current climate of political ban on scientific study of cannabis and cannabinoids.

 

To make the situation even more complex, is the composition of the many different terpenes that are contained in the various strains of cannabis. Recently Cannabis Cup events in California have been publishing the presents of different terpenes profiles of each cannabis strain entered. Some of the cannabis testing labs have booths at these cup events and have samples of 15 or more different terpenes they use for standardizing and calibration of their lab equipment. You can smell samples of each of these volatile terpenes some smell fragrant and sweet others pungent and repulsive. Each of these terpenes have different properties some with beneficial medical effects in themselves or when combined with cannabinoids.

 

Augmented Oil-1

 

The combination of all the different terpenes, make a unique smell that is characteristic of the strain of cannabis that produced that particular terpene profile. The common person would look at the results of these terpenes profiles for a particular strain of cannabis and conclude you could just add a pinch of this and a bit of that and make any swag smell like the best purple bud you admire? Unfortunately the situation is much more complex than that.

 

Augmented Oil-2

 

Each spike identifies a different terpene on this sample of cannabis

 

Tobacco companies have long ago addressed the problem of variation in the taste of different tobacco fields. Brand name products must have the same quality, consistency and flavor. The Tobacco companies purchase tobacco from many different sources and they combine all the different tobacco’s and extract everything from each different batch. They then add the extract back to all of the tobacco and then add a proprietary blend of other herbs and spices (1% this and 3% that) and then they have a consistent product that always taste the same. The resulting blend is then consistent in flavor and can be carry a brand name. So the race is on, for companies to find combinations of terpenes they can add to cannabis products to augment the smell or medical effect.

 

Currently you can purchase flavoring agents for tobacco or cannabis. Each of these different agents may have effects or health concerns which are not presently known. What is known safe as for GI absorption may not be safe when vaporized. It is not only the agent, but the combustible by-product that could be of concern. There is no testing on these agents for long term effects on humans.

 

There are many labs now selling vapor pens with flavored oils. These Cannabis oils are augmented or “fortified” with terpenes that have lime, lemon, orange or other flavors. Terpenes are the primary constituents of essential oils of many types of plants and flowers. Essential oils are used widely as natural flavor additives for food, fragrances in perfumery, and in traditional and alternative medicines like aromatherapy. They are classified as substances generally recognized as safe. Many of the terpenes are in our food products or may be taken orally as supplements. Companies offer oral preparations of these terpenes, with warnings of; “no daily value requirements are known for these substances.” Terpenes have utility as cleaning solvents and other industrial applications. Plants make terpenes to repel insects, and some of these terpenes can be used as insecticides or insect repellents. D-limonene is a terpene that is contained in dog flee shampoo. These substances are classified as; “substances that are recognized as safe” but may not be safe for human consumption as a vaporized product. Can augmented oils with these flavoring agents be used safely for vaporization? Is the safety of vaporizing these chemical agents as safe as vaporizing the cannabis oil? Only clinical trials will determine this and these questions are fraught with ethical questions of exposing humans as guinea pigs.

 

The point of this article is this!

 

Do you want some chemist to add chemicals to your cannabis oil without knowledge of long term effects. They are trying to sell you a nice smelling oil product that may later causes you some health issue? Just because it smells good does not mean it is good for you. The perfume industry can give testimony in this regard.

 

The practice of augmenting oils with flavoring agents and terpenes will also occur with the plant. No doubt you will soon be able to purchase lime or other flavored cannabis. Why would someone change the flavor of cannabis? Why risk adding a substance that could possibly cause harm? Many would say you can’t improve on the taste of cannabis so why even try this? Humans always want something different and a variety of choices. Business knows this and will provide what the customer wants. The multitude of flavored tobacco products are proof of this.

 

To actually prove these augmented products are safe would require a double blind study which is illegal in the United States. This would be costly and almost impossible to do ethically or legally.

 

I have previously published an article entitled; Rootless Transport Mechanism (the RTM or Dr. Allen’s Procedure) in Treating Yourself Magazine issue 18 pp. 80. This was again reprinted in Treating Yourself Magazine issue 35 pp. 74-76. This new reprint of the original article included original diagrams explaining Osmosis and Tonicity and explanations of MK-ULTRA a plan to weaponize cannabis. In this article I developed a method of flavoring cannabis with different chemicals that the plant roots would not absorb. If you cut the roots off, the plant can absorb larger charged particles like flavoring agents or flavonoids. These flavoring agents would be delivered to the bud directly without the roots as a filter. Using this method you can make vanilla flavored cannabis by placing the plant with the roots cut off in a vanilla extract. Virtually any flavoring agent could be used as well as antibiotics, steroids, bronchodilators or even Viagra! (That’s right! Boner Bud!) This could develop into a new process where the root growth would be inhibited in a hydroponic application to allow absorption of large particles. Megaponics? (Hydroponics without Roots) The plants would be bathed in a ICU type environment and fed large molecules to change the composition of the end product of the plant. This would allow precursors of THC (phenols and terpenes) to be absorbed by the plant and make super THC, CBD or other cannabinoids.

 

Additional methods of Augmentation or Flavoring of Cannabis

 

spraying a topical substance on cannabis is an age old problem. Some people were known to spray Coca Cola and other crazy substances on cannabis for varied, absurd reasons. This technique was used to increasing the weight of the cannabis. Cannabis that is sprayed with a water soluble substance or dye may be exposed by placing a bud in a bowl of water. The bud sprayed with dyes or water soluble substances will leach the dye out in the water.

 

Gasification. There is a new, almost undetectable, technique for flavoring cannabis by using volatile flavonoids and heating them to a vapor and exposing the cannabis to this gas. You can use Tobacco flavoring agents and place them on a cloth and place the cloth in a bag of cannabis and let it set in the sun for a little while. The cannabis will have the same smell as the flavoring agent.

 

I first encountered this technique after learning about an instance where cannabis had been sent in the mail. The cannabis was isolated in a separate baggy, but the package was shipped along with a bag of laundry detergent. The mail must have taken several days and most likely was in a hot truck during transport. You can guess what the result was. The heat had gasified the laundry soap perfume. The cannabis was bomb, but it all smelled like you were smoking ultra-clean underwear! Even though the detergent was in a separate container it flavored the cannabis with a disgusting perfume.

 

Cannabis and its concentrates can be adulterated or augmented with terpenes and other flavoring agents. Be cautious of vendors selling cannabis oils that are flavored or augmented with anything that is not approved for vaporization until more is known.

 

The war on Cannabis goes on and will not go away anytime soon. There will most likely be new regulations to “protect the public” and as always; Beware of those who want to protect you from something, they are often the people you need protection from. Often laws are made on assumption rather than science. It may take a long time to determine under what conditions these additives are safe to use and what conditions they are not safe.

 

David B. Allen M.D. retired Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgeon.

 

http://cannabisnowmagazine.com/reviews/products/capsuline-inc-flavored-gelcaps-for-cannabis-oil

http://www.alienvapor.com/marijuana-flavored-e-liquid/(eeeewwww)

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Know your own stone

 

 

 

An educated and discerning palate is a key requirement in breeding and appreciating cannabis.

By DJ Short

 

An educated palate

The breeding and production of fine quality cannabis is more an art than a science. A creative mind and sense of imagination is necessary to achieve success in this field. The other requirement is a very discerning palate, including the ability to discern and appreciate subtle variations in taste, smell and mental experience.

 

Anatomically, the palate is located between the roof of the mouth and the nasal passages. The intricacies of taste and palate are complex and poorly understood. The taste buds in the tongue and mouth make up only a small fraction of the mechanisms used to interpret taste and smell.

 

Olfaction is the term used to describe the sense of smell. The olfactory bulb is the main sensor used to experience and interpret smells. This organ is located behind the nasal passages ? up your nose. The sense of smell is one of the most complex we possess, and more of the brain is dedicated to processing smells than any other sense. Smell is closely related to memory, especially older memories. Anatomically, this region is located between the cortex and the occipital lobes, above and around the ears to the top of the head.

 

 

 

Research and experience suggest that some people have a greater natural ability to discern taste and smell than others. The palate can also be developed, educated and refined.

 

There are many similarities between the wine industry and the cannabis industry. One of these is that both use "expert palates" to identify and discern the various desirable traits of a product. However, unlike wine, cannabis has another added aspect to consider: the type of experience produced by the product. Alcohol's main experience is similar (and overconsumption can be fatal) while cannabis provides a wide range of effects and is non-toxic.

 

Some herb is strictly pleasing to the mental palate but is not so tasty, while other might taste great but have mild or unpleasant effects.

 

Spectrums of experience

 

The first spectrum to consider is the "up and down" experience. "Up" refers to the stimulating aspects of cannabis, while "down" refers to sedative qualities. Up pot tends to liven the disposition and stimulate the emotions, inspiring sociability and talkativeness. Down pot tends to produce sedative and depressant effects. Some people refer to stimulating pot as being a "head" high and sedative pot as being a "body" high, yet although partially true this is also misleading.

 

Body and head highs are the next spectrum of the cannabis experience. Generally speaking, head highs are stimulating and body highs are sedative, but not all are. Some body highs are stimulating and some head highs are depressing. I once sampled a terribly paranoia-inducing head pot that inspired great couch lock qualities. I called it Boo-Goo.

 

Early to late harvest will affect the head to body spectrum expressed by a certain plant, with the later harvest tending to produce more body and sedative effects. However, I believe that certain aspects of this spectrum to be genetically inherited.

 

Next to consider are aspects of duration. Some cannabis tends to be short-acting (15-30min) whereas other varieties last much longer (6-7 hours). Once again production, harvesting and curing techniques can influence aspects of this spectrum, but much of this effect is inherited.

 

For me, the most important aspect of the cannabis experience to consider is tolerance. This refers to the product's ability to provide the same experience via the same amount over time ? the burnout factor. By "over time" I mean the long run: months, years, decades...

 

Most of the cannabis I see on the market today has a terrible tolerance factor ? a quick burnout time with the product's novelty lasting less than a week. Luther Burbank's model of breeding needs to be employed here and no expression of tolerance to your product is to be tolerated. An example of where intolerance to tolerance is tolerated ? enough already!

 

Another aspect of tolerance is "ceiling." This refers to how high (or far) one is capable of going with the variety. How many hits can you consume until more hits are unnoticeable? Most indicas have a low ceiling of less than 10 hits. For me that's usually around 5 hits in one smoking session. If I smoke more than 5 hits of a strong indica I will either not notice the post-ceiling hits, or I will fall asleep.

 

Some sativas have a very high ceiling, or seem to have none at all! This means that the more you consume, the higher and further you go. Oaxaca Highland Gold, Black Magic African, and Highland Thai were some of the herbs I've tried with very high or no ceiling.

 

The final aspect of mental effects to consider when sampling strains for breeding is the tendency to produce anxiety. Certain strains of cannabis increase anxiety while others decrease it. This is also true for other emotions, which some strains may suppress while others may augment their intensity. Generally stimulating and head varieties are the ones that can produce unwanted anxiety, but this is not always the case. Quickly cured buds or an over-early harvest are contributing factors to anxiety-increasing pot, but this trait is also genetic in nature.

 

 

 

Tastes and tasters

 

The physical palates of cannabis add another dimension to the equation. Taste is an important factor toward determining the desirability of most cannabis. The range of flavours expressed by the genus cannabis is extraordinary. No other plant on the planet can equal the cacophony of smells and tastes available from cannabis. This fact alone should interest researchers from several fields.

 

The range of possible smells and tastes a human can experience is large and complex. To date, no-one has created a fully usable olfaction chart, but Ann Noble developed a nifty "aroma wheel" for the wine industry, which inspired me to develop a cannabis olfaction chart. Like Ann's wheel, more basic aroma categories like "fruity", "floral", "spicy" and "pungent" go in the centre, and branch out into more specific aromas. So beneath "fruity" goes "berry" and "citrus", and beneath "citrus" is "lemon", "lime" and "orange".

 

The main cannabis aromas are: woody, spicy, fruity, earthen, pungent, chemical and vegetative ? a wide range indeed. More specific aromas include pine and cedar under "woody", musty and dusty for "earthen", blueberry and mango under "fruity", and many others. Most aromas are possible through some combination of strains. Many of these strains were best expressed and acclimated when they were grown outdoors in their region-of-origin, or homeland.

 

Note that aroma and flavour vary between various stages of the plant. The aroma of a live bud on the plant, a dried and cured bud, and the smoke on the inhale and exhale, may all be different from each other. My number one goal when breeding cannabis is the quality of the perfectly matured, trimmed and cured bud and the experience it provides.

 

I strongly recommend the use of "tasters" to help analyze the qualities of a given smoke. I prefer highly educated, seasoned and critical elders as they tend to be the most helpful in their analysis and feedback. If there is the slightest drawback to the product, such as arrhythmia, tachycardia, paranoia, or what have you, the experienced elder taster will be the first to notice it. By the same token, if a product is exceptionally fine, the experienced elder taster will also likely be among the first to fully appreciate this. Besides, the elders always appreciate good medicine.

 

The best way to educate and train the palate is through experience. Unfortunately, there has been a great depletion of variance among the product available to the public. Most grow-ops focus on quantity over quality, and as a result a general blandness has developed. In future articles I will describe some of the great region-of-origin varieties that were available twenty years ago, describing their aroma, flavour, effects, and growth patterns.

 

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thats awesome! thanks GM

 

Gotta love D J Short...

 

i want that wheel.. pretty cool.

 

"No other plant on the planet can equal the cacophony of smells and tastes available from cannabis."

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^^^ and adding fake tastes and smells to cannabis messes that right up completely. It would be like rubbing a perfumed sock on the nose of a sniffing dog. Game over. Real scents that grew there have value as indicators of what is inside. Fake ones just stink for no reason. 

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thats awesome! thanks GM

 

Gotta love D J Short...

 

i want that wheel.. pretty cool.

 

"No other plant on the planet can equal the cacophony of smells and tastes available from cannabis."

here is a copy of Dj. Short's chart. http://img72.imageshack.us/img72/5970/djshortschart.jpg

Edited by grassmatch

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It's crazy that the industries producing/marketing direct cannabis additive flavorings have flourished for some time. The only one I've see in print has been featured in HT for many years. They have a full page spread, sometimes more than one! At a cost of around 7-10 thousand dollars per issue the consumer demand could be to blame for all of the suppliers popping up. Now the vaporizer industry has seen the potential of consumer demands and taken the market to new levels with a menu of flavor additives ranging from bubble gum to coffee and are sold at most vapor outlets. Some online are direct marketed to cannabis oil users who choose to utilize the awesome portable vaporizers made today with their flavored oils now.

The jury is not in yet concerning these flavor additives and their safety yet. I suggest users find a cannabis strain(s) that satisfies every need without the added agents for best results. :)

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It's crazy that the industries producing/marketing direct cannabis additive flavorings have flourished for some time. The only one I've see in print has been featured in HT for many years. They have a full page spread, sometimes more than one! At a cost of around 7-10 thousand dollars per issue the consumer demand could be to blame for all of the suppliers popping up. Now the vaporizer industry has seen the potential of consumer demands and taken the market to new levels with a menu of flavor additives ranging from bubble gum to coffee and are sold at most vapor outlets. Some online are direct marketed to cannabis oil users who choose to utilize the awesome portable vaporizers made today with their flavored oils now.

 

The jury is not in yet concerning these flavor additives and their safety yet. I suggest users find a cannabis strain(s) that satisfies every need without the added agents for best results. :)

Everything good has bootleg junk trying to make a dishonest buck all around it. It's the same with cannabis fake smells and tastes. If you can think up a way to cheat and make money then someone is already doing it. 

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I think consumers are using this to flavor their own stash of tobacoo and cannabis oil products. I only heard of a couple commercial producers of cannabis oil that actually flavor theirs. I know nobody that flavors their bud or oil for use or sale, but 10 grand a month is serious advertising money, so somebody is using it for sure.

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